- 12th Vermont Infantry
The 12th Vermont Infantry, a nine months regiment, raised as a result of President Lincoln's call on August 4, 1862, for additional troops due to the disastrous results of the Peninsula Campaign.
It was composed of volunteers from ten volunteer militia companies as follows:
* West Windsor Guards, Co. A
* Woodstock Light Infantry, Co. B
* Howard Guard of Burlington, Co. C
* Tunbridge Light Infantry, Co. D
* Ransom Guards of St. Albans, Co. E
* New England Guard of Northfield, Co. F
* Allen Grays of Brandon, Co. G
* Bradford Guards, Co. H
* Saxton's River Light Infantry of Rockingham, Co. I
* Rutland Light Guard, Co. K
Asa P. Blunt, previously of the 3rd and 6th Vermont regiments, was selected to command the regiment. Lieutenant Colonel Roswell Farnhamand Major Levi G. Kingsley had held commissions in the 1st Vermont Infantry, along with a total of 65 officers and men.
The regiment went into camp at Brattleboro on
September 25, 1862, and was mustered in to United States service on October 4. It left Vermonton October 7, and arrived in Washington, D.C.on October 10, and went into camp on East Capital Hill. On October 30it became part of the 2nd Vermont Brigade, which also included the 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th Vermont Infantryregiments.
Colonel Blunt, as ranking colonel, commanded the brigade until the arrival of Brigadier General
Edwin H. Stoughton, on December 7.
Stoughton was not popular with the officers and men of the brigade, so when he was captured by Confederate partisan
John S. Mosbyon March 9, 1863, few mourned his loss. Colonel Blunt assumed command of the brigade again, turning it over to the new brigade commander, Brigadier General George J. Stannard, on April 20, who led the brigade until the Battle of Gettysburg.
The regiment marched to Munson's Hill on
October 30, and Hunting Creek the next day, where it stayed until December 12, in 'Camp Vermont.' It was engaged in picket duty near Fairfax Courthouse from December 12to January 20, 1863, participating in a repulse of J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry on December 29. The regiment was stationed at Wolf Run Shoals from January 20to May 1, performed railroad guard duty at Warrenton Junction until May 7, and camped near Rappahannock Station until May 18. From then until June 1, it camped near Bristoe and Catlett's Station. For the majority of June, it was at Union Mills.
June 25, the brigade was assigned as the 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, I Corps, and ordered to form the rear guard of the Army of the Potomacas it marched north after Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. The 12th marched with the brigade from Wolf Run Shoals on June 25, crossed the Potomac river on June 27, at Edward's Ferry, and moved north through Frederick City and Creagerstown, Maryland. It was drawing near Gettysburg on July 1, when the 12th and 15th regiments were detached to guard the corps trains.
The regiment accompanied the corps trains to Rock Creek Church, near the battlefield, and two companies of the 12th went forward to protect ammunition trains on the Taneytown road.
After the battle, the regiment moved south to
Westminster, Maryland, then served as guards for a train of 2,500 Confederate prisoners who were taken to Baltimore, Maryland. Departing Baltimore, the regiment traveled to Brattleboro, Vermont, where it arrived on July 9. It was mustered out on July 14, 1863.
Dozens of newly discharged members of the regiment enlisted again, predominantly in the regiments of the 1st
Vermont Brigade, and the 17th Vermont Infantry.
Vermont in the Civil War
* Benedict, G. G., "Vermont in the Civil War. A History of the part taken by the Vermont Soldiers And Sailors in the War For The Union, 1861-5." Burlington, VT.: The Free Press Association, 1888, ii:402-405.
* Dyer, Frederick Henry, "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion." New York: T. Yoseloff, 1908. 3 vol.
* Peck, Theodore S., compiler, "Revised Roster of Vermont Volunteers and lists of Vermonters Who Served in the Army and Navy of the United States During the War of the Rebellion, 1861-66. Montpelier, VT.: Press of the Watchman Publishing Co., 1892, pp. 456-457.
* Coffin, Howard, "Full Duty: Vermonters in the Civil War." Woodstock, VT.: Countryman Press, 1995.
* -----. "Nine Months to Gettysburg. The Vermonters Who Broke Pickett's Charge." Woodstock, VT.: Countryman Press, 1997.
* Palmer, Edwin F., "The Second Brigade: or, Camp Life, By a Volunteer," Montpelier: E. P. Walton, 1864.
* [http://vermontcivilwar.org Vermont in the Civil War]
* [http://www.vtguard.com/museum/index.htm Vermont Veterans Militia Museum and Library]
* [http://www.bgs.state.vt.us/gsc/pubrec/referen/military.htm Vermont Military Records Project, Vermont Public Records Division]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
13th Vermont Infantry — HistoryThe 13th Vermont Infantry was raised as a result of President Lincoln s call on August 4, 1862 for additional troops due to the disastrous results of the Peninsula Campaign. It was composed of volunteers from Washington, Chittenden,… … Wikipedia
15th Vermont Infantry — HistoryThe 15th Vermont Infantry, a nine months regiment, raised as a result of President Lincoln s call on August 4, 1862, for additional troops due to the disastrous results of the Peninsula Campaign.It was composed of volunteers from… … Wikipedia
14th Vermont Infantry — HistoryThe 14th Vermont Infantry, a nine months regiment, raised as a result of President Lincoln s call on August 4, 1862, for additional troops due to the disastrous results of the Peninsula Campaign.It was composed of volunteers from Addison,… … Wikipedia
8th Vermont Infantry — Infobox Military Unit unit name= 8th Vermont Infantry caption=Vermont State Flag dates= February 18, 1862 to June 28, 1865 country= United States allegiance= Union branch= Infantry equipment= battles=Port Hudson Opequon Fisher s Hill Cedar… … Wikipedia
16th Vermont Infantry — RecruitmentThe 16th Vermont Infantry, a nine months regiment, was raised as a result of President Abraham Lincoln s call on August 4, 1862, for additional troops due to the disastrous results of the Peninsula Campaign.It was recruited in Windsor… … Wikipedia
Vermont Units In the Civil War — Vermont Units In the Civil WarVermont raised the following units of the American Civil War.Infantry units*1st Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment *2nd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment *3rd Vermont Volunteer Infantry Regiment *4th Vermont… … Wikipedia
Vermont in the American Civil War — During the American Civil War, the State of Vermont continued the military tradition started by the Green Mountain Boys of Revolutionary War fame, contributing a significant portion of its eligible men to the war effort. History The second… … Wikipedia
2nd Vermont Brigade — The 2nd Vermont Brigade was an infantry brigade in the Union Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War. Composition and commanders The brigade was composed of the 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th and 16th Vermont Infantry regiments, all nine month… … Wikipedia
1st Vermont Brigade — The First Vermont Brigade, or Old Brigade was an infantry brigade in the Union Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War. It suffered the highest casualty count of any brigade in the history of the United States Army, with some 1,172… … Wikipedia
St. Johnsbury, Vermont — Infobox Settlement official name = St. Johnsbury, Vermont settlement type = Town nickname = St. Jay [http://prp.linkstorms.com/mr/allgetaways.jsp/10.2126/XGP551 008.ag] retrieved July 29, 2008] motto = imagesize = 250px image caption = Fairbanks… … Wikipedia