List of state leaders in 2004

List of state leaders in 2004

Africa

* Algeria
** President - Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria (1999–present)
** Prime Minister - Ahmed Ouyahia, Prime Minister of Algeria (2003–2006)
* Angola
** President - José Eduardo dos Santos, President of Angola (1979–present)
** Prime Minister - Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos, Prime Minister of Angola (2002–2008)
* Benin - Mathieu Kérékou, President of Benin (1996–2006)
* Botswana - Festus Mogae, President of Botswana (1998–2008)
* Burkina Faso
** President - Blaise Compaoré, President of Burkina Faso (1987–present)
** Prime Minister - Paramanga Ernest Yonli, Prime Minister of Burkina Faso (2000–2007)
* Burundi - Domitien Ndayizeye, President of Burundi (2003–2005)
* Cameroon
** President - Paul Biya, President of Cameroon (1982–present)
** Prime Minister -
**#Peter Mafany Musonge, Prime Minister of Cameroon (1996–2004)
**#Ephraïm Inoni (2004–present)
* Cape Verde
** President - Pedro Pires, President of Cape Verde (2001–present)
** Prime Minister - José Maria Neves, Prime Minister of Cape Verde (2001–present)
* Central African Republic
** President - François Bozizé, President of the Central African Republic (2003–present)
** Prime Minister - Célestin Gaombalet, Prime Minister of the Central African Republic (2003–2005)
* Chad
** President - Idriss Déby, President of Chad (1990–present)
** Prime Minister - Moussa Faki, Prime Minister of Chad (2003–2005)
* Comoros -
** President - Azali Assoumani, President of Comoros (2002–2006)
** Anjouan - Mohamed Bacar, President of Anjouan (2002–2007)
** Grande Comore - Abdou Soulé Elbak, President of Grande Comore (2002–2007)
** Mohéli - Mohamed Said Fazul, President of Mohéli (2002–2007)
* Democratic Republic of the Congo - Joseph Kabila, President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (2001–present)
* Republic of the Congo - Denis Sassou-Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo (1997–present)
* Côte d'Ivoire
** President - Laurent Gbagbo, President of Côte d'Ivoire (2000–present)
** Prime Minister - Seydou Diarra, Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire (2003–2005)
* Djibouti
** President - Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of Djibouti (1999–present)
** Prime Minister - Dileita Mohamed Dileita, Prime Minister of Djibouti (2001–present)
* Equatorial Guinea
** President - Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea (1979–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Cándido Muatetema Rivas, Prime Minister of Equatorial Guinea (2001–2004)
**# Miguel Abia Biteo Boricó (2004–2006)
* Eritrea - Isaias Afwerki, President of Eritrea (1993–present)
* Ethiopia
** President - Girma Wolde-Giorgis, President of Ethiopia (2001–present)
** Prime Minister - Meles Zenawi, Prime Minister of Ethiopia (1995–present)
* Gabon
** President - Omar Bongo, President of Gabon (1967–present)
** Prime Minister - Jean-François Ntoutoume Emane, Prime Minister of Gabon (1999–2006)
* The Gambia - Yahya Jammeh, President of The Gambia (1994–present)
* Ghana - John Kufuor, President of Ghana (2001–present)
* Guinea
** President - Lansana Conté, President of Guinea (1984–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Lamine Sidimé, Prime Minister of Guinea (1999-2004)
**# François Lonseny Fall, Prime Minister of Guinea (2004)
**# Cellou Dalein Diallo, Prime Minister of Guinea (2004–2006)
* Guinea-Bissau
** President - Henrique Rosa, interim President of Guinea-Bissau (2003–2005)
** Prime Minister -
**# Artur Sanhá, Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau (2003–2004)
**# Carlos Gomes Júnior, Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau (2004–2005)
* Kenya - Mwai Kibaki, President of Kenya (2002–present)
* Lesotho
** Monarch - Letsie III, King of Lesotho (1996–present)
** Prime Minister - Pakalitha Mosisili, Prime Minister of Lesotho (1998–present)
* Liberia - Gyude Bryant, Chairman of the Transitional Government of Liberia (2003–2006)
* Libya
** General Secretary - Zentani Muhammad az-Zentani, General Secretary of the General People's Congress (1992–present)
** "De facto" ruler - Muammar al-Gaddafi, Guide of the Revolution (1969/1979–present)
* Madagascar
** President - Marc Ravalomanana, President of Madagascar (2002–present)
** Prime Minister - Jacques Sylla, Prime Minister of Madagascar (2002–2007)
* Malawi
** President -
**# Bakili Muluzi, President of Malawi (1994–2004)
**# Bingu wa Mutharika, President of Malawi (2004–present)
* Mali
** President - Amadou Toumani Touré, President of Mali (2002–present)
** Prime Minister -
**#Ahmed Mohamed Ag Hamani, Prime Minister of Mali (2002–2004)
**#Ousmane Issoufi Maïga, Prime Minister of Mali (2004–2007)
* Mauritania
** President - Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, President of Mauritania (1984–2005)
** Prime Minister - Sghaïr Ould M'Bareck, Prime Minister of Mauritania (2003–2005)
* Mauritius
** President - Sir Anerood Jugnauth, President of Mauritius (2003–present)
** Prime Minister - Paul Bérenger, Prime Minister of Mauritius (2003–2005)
* Morocco
** Monarch - Mohammed VI, King of Morocco (1999–present)
** Prime Minister - Driss Jettou, Prime Minister of Morocco (2002–2007)
*Mozambique -
**President - Joaquim Chissano, President of Mozambique (1986–2005)
**Prime Minister -
**#Pascoal Mocumbi, Prime Minister of Mozambique (1994–2004)
**#Luisa Diogo, Prime Minister of Mozambique (2004–present)
*Namibia -
**President - Sam Nujoma, President of Namibia (1990–2005)
**Prime Minister - Theo-Ben Gurirab, Prime Minister of Namibia (2002–2005)
* Niger
** President - Tandja Mamadou, President of Niger (1999–present)
** Prime Minister - Hama Amadou, Prime Minister of Niger (2000–2007)
* Nigeria - Olusegun Obasanjo, President of Nigeria (1999–2007)
* Rwanda
** President - Paul Kagame, President of Rwanda (2000–present)
** Prime Minister - Bernard Makuza, Prime Minister of Rwanda (2000–present)
* São Tomé and Príncipe
** President - Fradique de Menezes, President of São Tomé and Príncipe (2001–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Maria das Neves, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Principe (2002–2004)
**# Damião Vaz d'Almeida, Prime Minister of São Tomé and Principe (2004–2005)
** Principe - Zeferino dos Prazeres, President of the Regional Government of Principe (2002–2006)
* Senegal
** President - Abdoulaye Wade, President of Senegal (2000–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Idrissa Seck, Prime Minister of Senegal (2002–2004)
**# Macky Sall, Prime Minister of Senegal (2004–2007)
* Seychelles
** President
**# France-Albert René, President of Seychelles (1977–2004)
**# James Michel, President of Seychelles (2004–present)
* Sierra Leone - Ahmad Tejan Kabbah, President of Sierra Leone (1998–2007)
* Somalia
** Mogadishu Government -
*** President -
***# Abdiqasim Salad Hassan, President of Somalia (2000–2004)
***# Abdullahi Yusuf, President of Somalia (2004–present)
*** Prime Minister - Muhammad Abdi Yusuf, Prime Minister of Somalia (2003–2007)
** Republic of Somaliland - Dahir Riyale Kahin, President of Somaliland (2002–present)
* South Africa - Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999–2008)
* Sudan - Omar Hasan Ahmad al-Bashir, President of Sudan (1993–present)
* Swaziland -
** Monarch - Mswati III, King of Swaziland (1986–present)
** Prime Minister - Themba Dlamini, Prime Minister of Swaziland (2003–present)
* Tanzania
** President - Benjamin Mkapa, President of Tanzania (1995–2005)
** Prime Minister - Frederick Sumaye, Prime Minister of Tanzania (1995–2005)
* Togo
** President - Gnassingbe Eyadema, President of Togo (1967–2005)
** Prime Minister - Koffi Sama, Prime Minister of Togo (2002–2005)
* Tunisia
** President - Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, President of Tunisia (1987–present)
** Prime Minister - Mohamed Ghannouchi, Prime Minister of Tunisia (1999–present)
* Uganda
** President - Yoweri Museveni, President of Uganda (1986–present)
** Prime Minister - Apolo Nsibambi, Prime Minister of Uganda (1999–present)
* Western Sahara (Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic)
** President - Mohammed Abdel Aziz, President of Western Sahara (1982–present)
** Prime Minister - Abdelkader Taleb Oumar, Prime Minister of Western Sahara (2003–present)
* Zambia - Levy Mwanawasa, President of Zambia (2002–2008)
* Zimbabwe - Robert Mugabe, President of Zimbabwe (1987–present)

Asia

* Afghanistan - Hamid Karzai, President and Chairman of the Afghan Transitional Administration (2002–present)
* Bangladesh
** President - Iajuddin Ahmed, President of Bangladesh (2002–present)
** Prime Minister - Khaleda Zia, Prime Minister of Bangladesh (2001–2006)
* Bhutan
** King - Jigme Singye Wangchuck, King of Bhutan (1972–2006)
** Prime Minister -
**# Lyonpo Jigme Thinley, Prime Minister of Bhutan (2003–2004)
**# Lyonpo Yeshey Zimba (2004–2005)
* Brunei - Hassanal Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei (1967–present)
* Cambodia
** King -
**# Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia (1993–2004)
**# Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (2004–present)
** Acting Head of State -
**# Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (2004)
**# Samdech Chea Sim, King of Cambodia (2004)
**# Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (2004)
** Prime Minister - Hun Sen, Prime Minister of Cambodia (1998–present)
* People's Republic of China -
** Communist Party Leader - Hu Jintao, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (2002–present)
** President - Hu Jintao, President of the People's Republic of China (2003–present)
** Premier - Wen Jiabao, Premier of the People's Republic of China (2003–present)
** "Hong Kong" - Tung Chee Hwa, Chief Executive of Hong Kong (1997–2005)
** "Macau" - Edmund Ho, Chief Executive of Macau (1999–present)
*East Timor -
**President - Xanana Gusmão, President of East Timor (2002–2007)
**Prime Minister - Mari Alkatiri, Prime Minister of East Timor (2002–2006)
* India
** President - Abdul Kalam, President of India (2002–2007)
** Prime Minister -
**# Atal Behari Vajpayee, Prime Minister of India (1998–2004)
**# Manmohan Singh, Prime Minister of India (2004–present)
* Indonesia -
*# Megawati Sukarnoputri, President of Indonesia (2001–2004)
*# Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, President of Indonesia (2004–present)
* Iran
** Supreme Leader - Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran (1989–present)
** President - Mohammad Khatami, President of Iran (1997–2005)
* Japan
** Emperor - Akihito, Emperor of Japan (1989–present)
** Prime Minister - Junichiro Koizumi, Prime Minister of Japan (2001–2006)
*Kazakhstan -
**President - Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of Kazakhstan (1990–present)
**Prime Minister - Daniyal Akhmetov, Prime Minister of Kazakhstan (2003–2007)
* North Korea
** Dear Leader - Kim Jong-il, Chairman of the National Defense Commission (1993–present)
** Head of State ("de facto") - Kim Yong-nam, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (1998–present)
** Premier - Pak Pong-ju, Premier of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (2003–2007)
* South Korea
**President - Roh Moo-hyun, President of the Republic of Korea (2003–2008)
**Prime Minister -
**# Goh Kun, Prime Minister of the Republic of Korea (1998–2004)
**# Lee Hun Jai (acting) (2004)
**# Lee Hai Chan (2004–2006)
* Kyrgyzstan
** President - Askar Akayev, President of Kyrgyzstan (1990–2005)
** Prime minister - Nikolay Tanayev, Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan (2002–2005)
* Laos
** President - Khamtai Siphandon, President of Laos (1998–2006)
** Prime Minister - Boungnang Vorachith, Prime Minister of Laos (2001–2006)
* Malaysia
** King - Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin, King of Malaysia (2001–2006)
** Prime Minister - Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of Malaysia (2003–present)
* Maldives - Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, President of Maldives (1978–present)
* Mongolia
** President - Natsagiin Bagabandi, President of Mongolia (1997–2005)
** Prime Minister -
**# Nambaryn Enkhbayar, Prime Minister of Mongolia (2000–2004)
**# Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, Prime Minister of Mongolia (2004–2006)
* Myanmar
** Head of State - Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (1992–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# General Khin Nyunt, Prime Minister of Myanmar (2003–2004)
**# Lieutenant-General Soe Win, Prime Minister of Myanmar (2004–2007)
* Nepal
** Monarch - Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, Raja of Nepal (2001–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Surya Bahadur Thapa, Prime Minister of Nepal (2003–2004)
**# Sher Bahadur Deuba (2004–2005)
* Pakistan -
** President - Pervez Musharraf, President of Pakistan (2001–2008)
** Prime Minister -
**# Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Prime Minister of Pakistan (2002–2004)
**# Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain (2004)
**# Shaukat Aziz (2004–2007)
* Philippines - Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, President of the Philippines (2001–present)
* Singapore
** President - S. R. Nathan, President of Singapore (1999–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Goh Chok Tong, Prime Minister of Singapore (1990–2004)
**# Lee Hsien Loong (2004–present)
* Sri Lanka
** President - Chandrika Kumaratunga, President of Sri Lanka (1994–2005)
** Prime Minister -
**# Ranil Wickremesinghe, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (2001–2004)
**# Mahinda Rajapakse, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (2004–2005)
* Taiwan (Republic of China)
** President - Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China (2000–2008)
** Premier - Yu Shyi-kun, President of the Executive Yuan (2002–present)
* Tajikistan
** President - Emomali Rahmonov, President of Tajikistan (1992–present)
** Prime Minister - Akil Akilov, Prime Minister of Tajikistan (1999–present)
* Thailand
** King - Bhumibol Adulyadej, King of Thailand (1946–present)
** Prime Minister - Thaksin Shinawatra, Prime Minister of Thailand (2001–2006)
* Turkmenistan - Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan (1991–2006)
*Uzbekistan -
**President - Islom Karimov, President of Uzbekistan (1991–present)
**Prime Minister - Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Prime Minister of Uzbekistan (2003–present)
* Vietnam
** President - Tran Duc Luong, President of Vietnam (1997–2006)
** Prime Minister - Phan Van Khai, Prime Minister of Vietnam (1997–2006)

Australia and Oceania

* "American Samoa (U.S. territory)"
**Togiola Tulafono, Governor of American Samoa (2003–present)
* Australia
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia (1952–present)
** Governor-General - Michael Jeffery, Governor-General of Australia (2003–2008)
** Prime Minister - John Howard, Prime Minister of Australia (1996–2007)
* "Cook Islands (self-governing territory of New Zealand)"
** High Commissioner - Kurt Meyer, High Commissioner of the Cook Islands (2001–present)
** Queen's Representative - Fred Goodwin, Queen's Representative in the Cook Islands (2001–present)
** Prime Minister - Robert Woonton, Prime Minister of the Cook Islands (2002–present)
* Fiji
** President - Ratu Josefa Iloilo, President of Fiji (2000–present)
** Prime Minister - Laisenia Qarase, Prime Minister of Fiji (2001–2006)
* "French Polynesia (French Overseas Territory)"
** High Commissioner - Michel Mathieu, High Commissioner of French Polynesia (2001–present)
** President of the Government -
**# Gaston Flosse, President of the Government of French Polynesia (1991–2004, President of French Polynesia 2004–2004)
**# Oscar Temaru (2004–present)
*Kiribati - Anote Tong, President of Kiribati (2003–present)
*Marshall Islands - Kessai Note, President of the Marshall Islands (2000–2008)
*Federated States of Micronesia - Joseph J. Urusemal, President of the Federated States of Micronesia (2003–2007)
*Nauru -
*#René Harris, President of Nauru (2003–2004)
*#Ludwig Scotty, President of Nauru (2004–2007)
* "New Caledonia (French Overseas Collectivity)"
** High Commissioner - Daniel Constantin, High Commissioner of New Caledonia (2002–present)
** President of the Government - Pierre Frogier, President of the Government of New Caledonia (2001–present)
* New Zealand
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of New Zealand (1952–present)
** Governor-General - Dame Silvia Cartwright, Governor-General of New Zealand (2001–present)
** Prime Minister - Helen Clark, Prime Minister of New Zealand (1999–present)
* "Niue (associated state of New Zealand)"
** Resident Commissioner - Sandra Lee-Vercoe, Resident Commissioner of Niue (2003–present)
** Prime Minister - Young Vivian, Prime Minister of Niue (2002–present)
* "Northern Mariana Islands (Commonwealth of the U.S.)"
** Governor - Juan Babauta, Governor of the Northern Mariana Islands (2002–present)
*Palau - Tommy Remengesau, President of Palau (2001–present)
* Papua New Guinea
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Papua New Guinea (1975–present)
** Governor-General -
**# Bill Skate, Governor-General of Papua New Guinea (acting) (2003-2004)
**# Jeffrey Nape (acting) (May-June)(2004)
**# Sir Paulias Matane (2004–present)
** Prime Minister - Sir Michael Somare, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea (2002–present)
* "Pitcairn Islands (overseas territory of the United Kingdom)"
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Pitcairn Islands (1952–present)
** Governor - Richard Fell, Governor of the Pitcairn Islands (2001–present)
** Commissioner - Leslie Jacques, Commissioner of the Pitcairn Islands (2003–present)
** Mayor -
**# Steve Christian, Mayor of the Pitcairn Islands (1999–2004)
**# Brenda Christian, Mayor of the Pitcairn Islands (2004–present)
* Samoa
** Monarch - Malietoa Tanumafili II, Head of State of Samoa (1963–2007)
** Prime Minister - Tuila'epa Sailele Malielegaoi, Prime Minister of Samoa (1998–present)
*Solomon Islands -
**Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Solomon Islands (1978–present)
**Governor-General -
**#John Lapli, Governor-General of the Solomon Islands (1999–2004)
**#Nathaniel Waena, Governor-General of the Solomon Islands (2004–present)
**Prime Minister - Allan Kemakeza, Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands (2001–2006)
* "Tokelau (territory of New Zealand)"
** Administrator - Neil Walter, Administrator of Tokelau (2003–present)
** Head of Government - Kolouei O'Brien, Head of Government of Tokelau (2003–2004)
* Tonga
** Monarch - Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965–2006)
** Prime Minister - Lavaka Ata 'Ulukalala, Prime Minister of Tonga (2000–2006)
* Tuvalu
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Tuvalu (1978–present)
** Governor-General - Faimalaga Luka, Governor-General of Tuvalu (2003–2005)
** Prime Minister - Saufatu Sopoanga, Prime Minister of Tuvalu (2002–2004)
*Vanuatu -
**President -
**#John Bani, President of Vanuatu (1999–2004)
**#Roger Abiut, acting President of Vanuatu (2004)
**#Alfred Maseng, President of Vanuatu (2004)
**#Josias Moli, acting President of Vanuatu (2004)
**#Kalkot Mataskelekele, President of Vanuatu (2004-present)
**Prime Minister -
**#Edward Natapei, Prime Minister of Vanuatu (2001–2004)
**#Serge Vohor, Prime Minister of Vanuatu (2004)
**#Ham Lini, Prime Minister of Vanuatu (2004–2008)
* "Wallis and Futuna (French overseas territory to 28 March] , then French overseas collectivity)"
** Administrator-Superior - Christian Job, Administrator-Superior of Wallis and Futuna (2002–present)

Europe

* Albania
** President - Alfred Moisiu, President of Albania (2002–2007)
** Prime Minister - Fatos Nano, Prime Minister of Albania (2002–2005)
* Andorra
**Co-Princes
*** French Co-Prince - Jacques Chirac, President of France (1995–2007)
*** Episcopal Co-Prince - Joan Enric Vives Sicília, Bishop of Urgell (2003–present)
** Head of the Government - Marc Forné, Head of the Government of Andorra (1994–2005)
** General Syndic - Francesc Areny Casal, General Syndic of Andorra (1997–present)
* Armenia
** President - Robert Kocharyan, President of Armenia (1998–2008)
** Prime Minister - Andranik Margaryan, Prime Minister of Armenia (2000–2007)
*Austria -
**President -
**#Thomas Klestil, Federal President of Austria (1992–2004)
**#Heinz Fischer, Federal President of Austria (2004–present)
**Chancellor - Wolfgang Schüssel, Chancellor of Austria (2000–2007)
* Azerbaijan
** President - Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan (2003–present)
** Prime Minister - Artur Rasizade, Prime Minister of Azerbaijan (2003–present)
** Nagorno Karabakh
*** President - Arkadi Ghukasyan, President of Nagorno Karabakh (1997–2007)
*** Prime Minister - Anushavan Danielyan, Prime Minister of Nagorno Karabakh (2002–present)
* Belarus
** President - Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus (1994–present)
** Prime Minister - Sergey Sidorsky, List of Belarusian Prime Ministers (2003–present)
* Belgium
** King - Albert II, King of the Belgians (1993–present)
** Prime Minister - Guy Verhofstadt, Prime Minister of Belgium (1999–2008)
* Bosnia and Herzegovina
** Presidency
*** Borislav Paravac (2003–present)
*** Sulejman Tihić (2002–present)
*** Dragan Čović (2002–present)
** Prime Minister - Adnan Terzić, Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2003–present)
** High Representative - Paddy Ashdown (2002–present)
** Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
*** President - Niko Lozančić, President of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2003–present)
*** Prime Minister - Ahmet Hadžipašić, Prime Minister of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2003–present)
** Republika Srpska
*** President - Dragan Čavić, President of the Republika Srpska (2002–present)
*** Prime minister - Dragan Mikerević, Prime Minister of the Republika Srpska (2003–present)
* Bulgaria
** President - Georgi Parvanov, President of Bulgaria (2002–present)
** Premier - Simeon Sakskoburggotski, Chairman of the Council of Ministers (2001–2005)
* Croatia
** President - Stjepan Mesić, President of Croatia (2000–present)
** Prime Minister - Ivo Sanader, Prime Minister of Croatia (2003–present)
* Cyprus
** President - Tassos Papadopoulos, President of Cyprus (2003–2008)
** "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus"
*** President - Rauf Denktaş, President of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (1976–2005)
*** Prime Minister - Mehmet Ali Talat, Prime Minister of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (2004–2005)
*Czech Republic -
**President - Václav Klaus, President of the Czech Republic (2003–present)
**Prime Minister -
**#Vladimír Špidla, Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2002–2004)
**#Stanislav Gross, Prime Minister of the Czech Republic (2004–2005)
* Denmark
** Monarch - Margrethe II, Queen of Denmark (1972–present)
** Prime Minister - Anders Fogh Rasmussen, Prime Minister of Denmark (2001–present)
** "Faroe Islands:"
**# Anfinn Kallsberg, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (1998–2004)
**# Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands (2004–present)
** "Greenland:" Hans Enoksen, Prime Minister of Greenland (2002–present)
* Estonia
** President - Arnold Rüütel, President of Estonia (2001–2006)
** Prime Minister - Juhan Parts, Prime Minister of Estonia (2003–2005)
* Finland
** President - Tarja Halonen, President of Finland (2000–present)
** Prime Minister - Matti Vanhanen, Prime Minister of Finland (2003–present)
** "Aland" - Roger Nordlund, Prime Minister of Aland (1999–present)
* France
** President - Jacques Chirac, President of France (1995–2007)
** Prime Minister - Jean-Pierre Raffarin, Prime Minister of France (2002–2005)
* Germany
** President -
**#Johannes Rau, President of Germany (1999–2004)
**#Horst Köhler, President of Germany (2004–present)
** Chancellor - Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany (1998–2005)
* Georgia
** President -
**# Nino Burjanadze, Acting President of Georgia (2003–2004)
**# Mikhail Saakashvili, President of Georgia (2004–present)
** Prime Minister - Zurab Zhvania, Prime Minister of Georgia (2004–2005; Minister of State 2003–2004)
** Abkhazia
*** President - Vladislav Ardzinba, President of Abkhazia (1994–2005)
*** Prime Minister -
***#Raul Khajimba, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (2003–2004)
***#Nodar Khashba, Prime Minister of Abkhazia (2004–present)
* Greece
** President - Kostis Stephanopoulos, President of Greece (1995–2005)
** Prime Minister -
**# Costas Simitis, Prime Minister of Greece (1996-2004)
**# Kostas Karamanlis, Prime Minister of Greece (2004–present)
* Hungary
** President - Ferenc Mádl, President of Hungary (2000–2005)
** Prime Minister
**# Péter Medgyessy, Prime Minister of Hungary (2002–2004)
**# Ferenc Gyurcsány, Prime Minister of Hungary (2004–present)
* Iceland
** President - Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland (1996–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Davíð Oddsson, Prime Minister of Iceland (1991–2004)
**# Halldór Ásgrímsson, Prime Minister of Iceland (2004–2006)
* Ireland
** President - Mary McAleese, President of Ireland (1997–present)
** Prime Minister - Bertie Ahern, Taoiseach (1997–2008)
* "Isle of Man"
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Lord of Mann (1952–present)
** Lieutenant-Governor - Ian McFayden, Lieutenant-Governor of Man (2000–present)
** Chief minister - Richard Corkill, Chief Minister of Man (2001–present)
* Italy
** President - Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, President of the Italian Republic (1999–2006)
** Prime Minister - Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy (2001–2006)
* Latvia
** President - Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, President of Latvia (1999–2007)
** Prime Minister -
**# Einars Repše, Prime Minister of Latvia (2002–2004)
**# Indulis Emsis, Prime Minister of Latvia (2004–present)
* Liechtenstein
** Prince - Hans Adam II, Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein (1989–present)
** Head of Government - Otmar Hasler, Head of Government (2001–present)
* Lithuania
** President -
**# Rolandas Paksas, President of Lithuania (2003–2004)
**# Valdas Adamkus, President of Lithuania (2004–present)
** Prime Minister - Algirdas Brazauskas, Prime Minister of Lithuania (2001–2006)
* Luxembourg
** Monarch - Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (2000–present)
** Prime Minister - Jean-Claude Juncker, Prime Minister of Luxembourg (1995–present)
*Republic of Macedonia -
**President -
**#Boris Trajkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (1999-2004)
**#Ljupčo Jordanovski, acting President of the Republic of Macedonia (2004)
**#Branko Crvenkovski, President of the Republic of Macedonia (2004–present)
**Prime Minister -
**#Branko Crvenkovski, Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia (2002–2004)
**#Radmila Šekerinska, acting Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia (2004)
**#Hari Kostov, Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia (2004)
**#Radmila Šekerinska, acting Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia (2004)
**#Vlado Bučkovski, Prime Minister of the Republic of Macedonia (2004–2006)
* Malta
** President -
**# Guido de Marco, President of Malta (1999–2004)
**# Eddie Fenech Adami, President of Malta (2004–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Eddie Fenech Adami, Prime Minister of Malta (1998–2004)
**# Lawrence Gonzi, Prime Minister of Malta (2004–present)
* Moldova
** President - Vladimir Voronin, President of Moldova (2001–present)
** Prime Minister - Vasile Tarlev, Prime Minister of Moldova (2001–present)
** Transnistria - Igor Smirnov, President of Transnistria (1991–present)
* Monaco
** Prince - Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949–2005)
** Minister of State - Patrick Leclercq, Minister of State of Monaco (2000–2005)
* The Netherlands
** Monarch - Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands (1980–present)
** Prime Minister - Jan Peter Balkenende, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (2002–present)
* Norway
** Monarch - Harald V, King of Norway (1991–present)
** Prime Minister - Kjell Magne Bondevik, Prime Minister of Norway (2001–2005)
* Poland
** President - Aleksander Kwaśniewski, President of the Republic of Poland (1995–2005)
** Prime Minister -
**# Leszek Miller, Prime Minister of Poland (2001–2004)
**# Marek Belka, Prime Minister of Poland (2004–2005)
* Portugal
** President - Jorge Sampaio, President of Portugal (1996–2006)
** Prime Minister -
**# José Manuel Durão Barroso, Prime Minister of Portugal (2002–2004)
**# Pedro Santana Lopes, Prime Minister of Portugal (2004–2005)
* Romania
** President -
**# Ion Iliescu, President of Romania (2000–2004)
**# Traian Băsescu, President of Romania (2004–present)
** Prime Minister -
**#Adrian Năstase, Prime Minister of Romania (2000–2004)
**#Eugen Bejinariu, Prime Minister of Romania (interim; 2004–present)
* Russia
** President - Vladimir Putin, President of Russia (1999–2008)
** Prime Minister -
**# Mikhail Kasyanov, Prime Minister of Russia (2000–2004)
**# Mikhail Fradkov, Prime Minister of Russia (2004–2007)
* San Marino
**Captains Regent -
**# Giovanni Lonfernini and Valeria Ciavatta (semester ending 31 March)
**# Paolo Bollini and Marino Riccardi (semester April-September)
**# Giuseppe Arzilli and Roberto Raschi (1 October] - present)
* Serbia and Montenegro
** Serbia and Montenegro - Svetozar Marović, President of Serbia and Montenegro (2003–present)
*** Serbia
****President - Boris Tadić President of Serbia (2004–present)
*****Nataša Mićić, Dragan Maršićanin, Predrag Marković-interim presidents
****Prime Minister - Vojislav Koštunica, Prime Minister of Serbia (2004–2008)
****Kosovo
*****President - Ibrahim Rugova, President of Kosovo (2002–present)
*****Prime Minister - Bajram Rexhepi, Prime Minister of Kosovo (2002–present)
*****UN Administrator - Søren Jessen-Petersen, UN Administrator to Kosovo (2004–present)
***Montenegro
****President - Filip Vujanović, President of Montenegro (2002–presemt)
****Prime Minister - Milo Đukanović, Prime Minister of Montenegro (2003–present)
* Slovakia
** President -
**# Rudolf Schuster, President of Slovakia (1999–2004)
**# Ivan Gašparovič, President of Slovakia (2004–present)
** Prime Minister - Mikuláš Dzurinda, Prime Minister of Slovakia (1998–2006)
* Slovenia
** President - Janez Drnovšek, President of Slovenia (2002–2007)
** Prime Minister -
**#Anton Rop, Prime Minister of Slovenia (2002–2004)
**#Janez Janša, Prime Minister of Slovenia (2004–present)
* Spain
** Monarch - Juan Carlos, King of Spain (1975–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# José María Aznar, President of the Government (1996–2004)
**# José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, President of the Government (2004–present)
** Basque Country - Juan José Ibarretxe Markuartu, Basque President (1999–present)
** Catalonia - Pasqual Maragall i Mira, President of Catalonia (2003–present)
* Sweden
** Monarch - Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (1973–present)
** Prime Minister - Göran Persson, Prime Minister of Sweden (1996–2006)
* Switzerland
** Swiss Federal Council - Moritz Leuenberger, Pascal Couchepin, Joseph Deiss, Samuel Schmid, Micheline Calmy-Rey, Christoph Blocher, Hans-Rudolf Merz
* Turkey
** President - Ahmet Necdet Sezer, President of Turkey (2000–2007)
** Prime Minister - Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister of Turkey (2003-present)
* Ukraine
** President - Leonid Kuchma, President of Ukraine (1994–2005)
** Prime Minister - Viktor Yanukovych, Prime Minister of Ukraine (2002–2005 )
* United Kingdom
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1952–present)
** Prime Minister - Tony Blair, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1997–2007)
** Scotland - Jack McConnell, First Minister of Scotland (2001–2007)
** Wales - Rhodri Morgan, First Minister of Wales (2000–present)
** Gibraltar
*** Governor - Sir Francis Richards, Governor of Gibraltar (2003–present)
*** Chief Minister - Peter Caruana, Chief Minister of Gibraltar (1996–present)
*Vatican City
** Pope - John Paul II, Bishop of Rome (1978–2005)
** Secretary of State - Angelo Cardinal Sodano, Cardinal Secretary of State (1990–present)

Middle East

* Bahrain
** King - Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain (1999–present)
** Prime minister - Khalifa bin Salman Ali Khalifa, Prime Minister of Bahrain (1971–present)
* Egypt
** President - Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt (1981–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Atef Ebeid, Prime Minister of Egypt (1999–2004)
**# Ahmed Nazif, Prime Minister of Egypt (2004-present)
* Iran
** Supreme Leader - Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran (1989–present)
** President - Mohammad Khatami, President of Iran (1997-2005)
* Iraq
**Civilian Administrator - L. Paul Bremer III, Civilian Administrator of Iraq (2003–2004)
**President - Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, President of Iraq (2004–2005)
**Prime Minister - Iyad Allawi, Prime Minister of Iraq (2004-2005)
* Israel
** President - Moshe Katsav, President of Israel (2000–2007)
** Prime Minister - Ariel Sharon, Prime Minister of Israel (2001–2006)
* Jordan - King Abdullah II, King of Jordan (1999–present)
* Kuwait - Jabir al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (1977–2006)
* Lebanon -
** President - Émile Lahoud, President of Lebanon (1998–present)
** Prime Minister - Rafiq al-Hariri, Prime Minister of Lebanon (2000–2004)
* Oman - Qaboos Bin Said, Sultan of Oman (1970–present)
* Qatar - Ahmad ibn Khalifa Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (1995–present)
* Saudi Arabia -
** King - Fahd, King of Saudi Arabia (1982–2005)
** Prime Minister - Fahd, Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia (1982–2005)
* Syria - Bashar al-Assad, President of Syria (2000–present)
* United Arab Emirates
** President -
**# Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates (1976–2004)
**# Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, President of the United Arab Emirates (2004–present)
** Prime Minister - Maktoum Bin Rashid al-Maktoum, Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates (1990–2006)
* Yemen
** President - Ali Abdullah Saleh, President of Yemen (1990–present)
** Prime Minister - Abdul Qadir Bajamal, Prime Minister of Yemen (2001–2007)

North America and the Caribbean

*Antigua and Barbuda -
**Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Antigua and Barbuda (1981–present)
**Governor-General - James Carlisle, Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda (1993–2007)
**Prime Minister -
**#Lester Bird, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (1994–2004)
**#Baldwin Spencer, Prime Minister of Antigua and Barbuda (2004–present)
* Aruba
** Monarch - Beatrix, Queen of Aruba (1980–present)
** Governor -
**# Olindo Koolman, Governor of Aruba (1992–2004)
**# Fredis Refunjol, Governor of Aruba (2004–present)
** Prime Minister - Nelson O. Oduber, Prime Minister of Aruba (2001–present)
*Bahamas -
**Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of the Bahamas (1973–present)
**Governor-General - Ivy Dumont, Governor-General of the Bahamas (2001–2005)
**Prime Minister - Perry Christie, Prime Minister of the Bahamas (2002–2007)
*Barbados -
**Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Barbados (1966–present)
**Governor-General - Clifford Husbands, Governor-General of Barbados (1996–present)
**Prime Minister - Owen Arthur, Prime Minister of Barbados (1994–2008)
*Belize -
**Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Belize (1981–present)
**Governor-General - Colville Young, Governor-General of Belize (1993–present)
**Prime Minister - Said Musa, Prime Minister of Belize (1998–2008)
* Canada
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada (1952–present)
**Governor General - Adrienne Clarkson, Governor General of Canada (1999–2005)
** Prime Minister - Paul Martin, Prime Minister of Canada (2003–2006)
**See also: 2004 Canadian incumbents
* Costa Rica - Abel Pacheco, President of Costa Rica (2002–2006)
* Cuba - Fidel Castro, President of Cuba (1976–2008)
*Dominica -
**President - Nicholas Liverpool, President of Dominica (2003–present)
**Prime Minister -
**#Pierre Charles, Prime Minister of Dominica (2000–2004)
**#Osborne Riviere, acting Prime Minister of Dominica (2004)
**#Roosevelt Skerrit, Prime Minister of Dominica (2004–present)
*Dominican Republic -
*#Hipólito Mejía, President of the Dominican Republic (2000–2004)
*#Leonel Fernández, President of the Dominican Republic (2004–present)
* El Salvador
** President -
**# Francisco Flores, President of El Salvador (1999–2004)
**# Antonio Saca, President of El Salvador (2004–present)
* Grenada
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Grenada (1974–present)
** Governor-General - Sir Daniel Williams, Governor-General of Grenada (1996–present)
** Prime Minister - Keith Mitchell, Prime Minister of Grenada (1995–2008)
* Guatemala
**President -
**# Alfonso Portillo, President of Guatemala (2000–2004)
**# Óscar Berger, President of Guatemala (2004–2008)
* Haiti
**President -
**# Jean-Bertrand Aristide, President of Haiti (2001–2004)
**# Boniface Alexandre, President of Haiti (2004–2006)
* Honduras - Ricardo Maduro, President of Honduras (2002–2006)
* Jamaica
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Jamaica (1962–present)
** Governor-General - Sir Howard Cooke, Governor-General of Jamaica (1991–present)
** Prime Minister - P. J. Patterson, Prime Minister of Jamaica (1992–2006)
* Mexico - Vicente Fox, President of Mexico (2000–2006)
* Netherlands Antilles
** Monarch - Beatrix of the Netherlands (1980–present)
** Governor - Frits Goedgedrag (2002–present)
** Prime Minister -
**# Mirna Louisa-Godett (2003–2004)
**# Etienne Ys (2004–present)
* Nicaragua - Enrique Bolaños, President of Nicaragua (2002–2007)
* Panama
** President -
**# Mireya Moscoso, President of Panama (1999–2004)
**# Martín Torrijos, President of Panama (2004–present)
* Saint Kitts and Nevis
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1983–present)
** Governor-General - Sir Cuthbert Sebastian, Governor-General of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1996–present)
** Prime Minister - Denzil Douglas, Prime Minister of Saint Kitts and Nevis (1995–present)
* Saint Lucia
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Lucia (1979–present)
** Governor-General - Dame Pearlette Louisy, Governor-General of Saint Lucia (1997–present)
** Prime Minister - Kenny Anthony, Prime Minister of Saint Lucia (1997–2006)
* Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
** Monarch - Elizabeth II, Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (1979–present)
** Governor-General - Sir Frederick Ballantyne, Governor-General of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2002–present)
** Prime Minister - Ralph Gonsalves, Prime Minister of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2001–present)
* Trinidad and Tobago
** President - George Maxwell Richards, President of Trinidad and Tobago (2003–present)
** Prime Minister - Patrick Manning, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (2001–present)
* United States
** President - George W. Bush, President of the United States (2001–present)

outh America

* Argentina - Néstor Kirchner, President of Argentina (2003–2007)
* Bolivia - Carlos Mesa, President of Bolivia (2003–2005)
* Brazil - Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, President of Brazil (2003–present)
* Chile - Ricardo Lagos, President of Chile (2000–2006)
* Colombia - Álvaro Uribe, President of Colombia (2002–present)
* Ecuador - Lucio Gutiérrez, President of Ecuador (2003–2005)
* Guyana -
** President - Bharrat Jagdeo, President of Guyana (1999–present)
** Prime Minister - Sam Hinds, Prime Minister of Guyana (1999–present)
* Paraguay - Nicanor Duarte Frutos, President of Paraguay (2003–2008)
* Peru -
** President - Alejandro Toledo, President of Peru (2001–2006)
** Prime Minister - Carlos Ferrero Costa, Prime Minister of Peru (2003–2005)
* Suriname - Ronald Venetiaan, President of Suriname (2000–present)
* Uruguay - Jorge Batlle Ibáñez, President of Uruguay (2000–2005)
* Venezuela - Hugo Chávez, President of Venezuela (2002–present)


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