Piura


Piura

Infobox City
official_name = Piura
other_name =
native_name =
nickname = "La Primera Ciudad"
(The First City)
motto =



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Piura's Plaza de Armas



flag_size = 125px
image_


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mapsize = 150px
map_caption = Location in Peru
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Peru
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Piura
subdivision_type2 = Province
subdivision_name2 = Piura
subdivision_type3 =
subdivision_name3 =
subdivision_type4 =
subdivision_name4 =
government_type =
leader_title = Alcalde
leader_name = Jose Aguilar Santisteban
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
leader_title2 =
leader_name2 =
leader_title3 =
leader_name3 =
leader_title4 =
leader_name4 =
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1532
established_title2 =
established_date2 =
established_title3 =
established_date3 =
area_magnitude = km
unit_pref =
area_footnotes =
area_total_km2 = 621161
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
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area_urban_sq_mi =
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population_as_of =
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settlement_type =
population_total = 377,496
population_density_km2 =
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population_metro =
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population_urban =
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timezone = UTC/GMT-5
utc_offset =
timezone_DST =
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latd= 5
latm= 12
lats=
latNS= S
longd= 80
longm= 38
longs=
longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 73
website = [http://www.munipiura.gob.pe www.munipiura.gob.pe]
footnotes =

Piura is a city in northwestern Peru. It is the capital of the Piura Region and the Piura Province. The population is 377,496.

It was here that Spanish Conqueror Francisco Pizarro founded the first Spanish city in South America, "San Miguel de Piura", in 1532. Piura declared its independence on January 4, 1821.

History

Like most of northern Peru, the territory of Piura had been inhabited by their autochthonous group of natives called "tallanes" (caribbean origin) and "yungas". These lived without an organization or single leader to rule until the Mochicas eventually took control and the mixture of these evolved into the Vicus Culture. Centuries later, Piura came under the rule of Tupac Inca Yupanqui, at least for around 40 years and before the Spanish arrived.

With the arrival of the Spanish in 1532, the mestizo and creole culture of actual Piura were born. This mestizo culture includes influences from Spanish Extremadura and Andalucia, African influence due to the arrival of slaves from Madagascar (Malgache slaves), the Chinese coolies that migrated from Canton to work the rice fields and replace the slaves; and also Roma Gypsies who came as pirates looking for pearls or as incongite Spanish horsemen.

Colonial legacy

Piura served as the first main port through which the Inca gold the Spaniards had gathered was shipped back to Spain. Already in 1534, Sebastián de Belalcázar, one of Pizarro's men, left Piura to conquer the Inca bastion in Quito.

As the most ancient colonial city in Peru, its location was changed three times before it was established on its present location. The cathedral of Piura was built in 1588. The altar is covered in gold leaf and has a painting of Ignacio Merino, a renowned Peruvian artist.

Present Piura

The main of the two campuses of the University of Piura is located locally, while the other is in Lima. The city is well known for its artisans who weave straw hats and make silverware. A museum commemorating the memory of Miguel Grau, a renowned Peruvian naval officer in the War of the Pacific, is located in Piura.

Tourism

Piura has many tourist attractions. One of the best known is Colan beach. Colan beach is a very long beach with warm waters. Local people like to go there during holidays.

It is served by the Cap. FAP Guillermo Concha Iberico International Airport.

Culture and folklore

Piura is host to a stunning mestizo culture (the oldest in South America 1532, Piura is the first Spanish city in South America) most famous for gastronomical dishes like "Seco de Chavelo" (the local dish), Algarrobina drinks, many types of "Cebiche" and "Natilla Sweets". Popular crafts are the Chulucana Pottery and Catacaos is famous for its "Hats" and "Silversmith" arts. The Tondero and cumanana is the traditional music of mestizo Piura and northern parts Lambayeque. There are also several famous Peruvian valse that came from these regions (northern Peruvians have their style). "Chicha music", now called Tecnocumbia (originally a Peruvian styled cumbia), is also quite popular all over, as well as Salsa among youngsters.

References


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  • Piura — Original name in latin Piura Name in other language Gorad P jura, P jura, PIU, Piura, Piwra, Pjuro, pi wu la, piura, piw ra, Горад П юра, Пиура, Пьюра, Піура State code PE Continent/City America/Lima longitude 5.19449 latitude 80.63282 altitude… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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