- Buchanan Street
Buchanan Street is one of the main shopping thoroughfares in
Glasgow, the largest cityin Scotland. It forms the central stretch of Glasgow's famous "Golden Z", [Glasgow: Scotland with style - Shopping by Eva Arrighi http://www.seeglasgow.com/media-office/features/shopping/shopping-by-eva-arrighi] with a generally more upmarket range of shops than its two neighbours Argyle Street, and Sauchiehall Street.
The land around the north and northeast of Buchanan Street was formerly home to
Buchanan Street railway station. Originally owned by the Caledonian Railway, then the London Midland and Scottish Railwayand finally British Railways, Buchanan Street station was closed in 1966. It was not rated highly either for location, architecture or convenience. Glasgow Queen Street station is immediately to the east of Buchanan Street, and the Buchanan Street station on the Glasgow Subway(which also serves Queen Street Station) is underneath the north end of Buchanan Street. The St. Enoch station of the subway is at the south end of Buchanan Street. Buchanan bus stationwas opened at the northern end in 1978, at the same time as the street itself was pedestrianised between Bath Street and Argyle Street. The most northern reaches of the street were badly run down following the closure of the Glasgow NAAFIand the railway station, but this was addressed in the 1990s by the construction of the Glasgow Royal Concert Hallin 1990, and the adjoining Buchanan Galleriesshopping mall in 1998. In 1999, the entire street was repaved with high quality granite stonework and striking blue neon lighting. The combination of impressive Victorian architectureand modern urban design won Buchanan Street the Academy of Urbanism 'Great Street Award' 2008, beating both O'Connell Streetin Dublinand Regent Street/ Portland Place, London. [Academy of Urbanism Awards 2008 http://www.academyofurbanism.org.uk/awards.htm] The area between Argyle Street and St. Vincent Street is particularly popular with buskers.
The bus station was also substantially redeveloped following the closure of the bus station at
Anderston, and became the principal bus terminus in the city centre. It was renamed simply as "Buchanan Bus Station", since the street itself now terminated some distance away due to the building of the Concert Hall.
In May 2002 the Prime Minister
Tony Blairunveiled a statueof the late politician Donald Dewarat the northern end of the street.
It runs south from the junction with Sauchiehall Street. At its north end are the
Buchanan Galleriesand the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall. The Princes Squaremall and a flagship branch of the House of Fraserdepartment store are opposite one another further south, and the street meets Argyle Street at the south, just north of St. Enoch Square. Buchanan Street is now entirely pedestrianised, but the streets that cross it (Bath Street, George Street, St. Vincent Street, and Argyle Street) are not.
Buchanan Street cuts through Nelson Mandela Place (which was renamed after the former
South Africanpresident) the site of St George's-Tron Church and the Glasgow Stock Exchangebuilding, and Royal Exchange Square, which now houses the Gallery of Modern Art.
Major departments and shopping centres include:-
Buchanan Galleries- including John Lewis Department store
Princes Square- designer shopping mall including Whistles, Reiss, French Connection, Hugo Boss, Ted Bakerand Space.NK.
House of Fraser- Department Store
T.G.I. Friday's- American Restaurant
Argyll Arcade- one of Britain’s oldest covered shopping arcades, built in 1827, which has the biggest selection of jewellers shops all under one roof.
Glasgow Royal Concert Hall
Gallery of Modern Art(GoMA) in Royal Exchange Square
*The Lighthouse Centre for Architecture, Design and the City, is located off Buchanan Street, on Mitchell Lane.
"The Golden Z"
The Golden Z is the name for the collection of three streets in
Glasgow City Centre, all of which are dedicated to shopping. The name originates from the alignment of the three streets: Argyle Street, Buchanan Street, and Sauchiehall Street. The latter and former both run East-West and are connected in a roughly North West - South East direction by Buchanan Street. This results in the streets being shaped in a "Z" shape; and, of course, Golden comes from the millions made each year from these prime-location streets. Hence, the Golden Z.
This, like "The Clockwork Orange", is a term used solely by the media, locals simply referring to streets by their name or collectively as the town/city centre.
List of upscale shopping districts
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