Albright-Knox Art Gallery


Albright-Knox Art Gallery

Infobox_nrhp
name = Albright-Knox Art Gallery



caption =
location = Buffalo, New York
lat_degrees = 42
lat_minutes = 55
lat_seconds = 55.48
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 78
long_minutes = 52
long_seconds = 37.46
long_direction = W
area =
built = 1890-1905
architect = Augustus Saint Gaudens, Edward B. Greencite web|url=http://www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com/NY/Erie/state.html|title=National Register of Historical Places - New York (NY), Erie County|date=2007-02-24|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
architecture = Beaux arts
added = May 27, 1971
refnum = 71000538
visitation_num =
visitation_year =
governing_body = Private

The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is a major showplace for modern art and contemporary art located in Buffalo, New York. It is located at 1285 Elmwood Avenue, which is directly across the street from Buffalo State College.

History

The parent organization of the Albright-Knox Art Gallery is The Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, founded in 1862. It is one of the oldest public arts institutions in the United States. In 1890, Buffalo entrepreneur and philanthropist, John J. Albright, a wealthy Buffalo industrialist, began the construction of the Albright Art Gallery for the Academy. The building was designed by prominent local architect Edward Brodhead Green. It was originally intended to be used as the Fine Arts Pavilion for the Pan-American Exposition in 1901, but delays in its construction caused it to remain uncompleted until 1905.

In 1962 a significant new addition was made to the gallery through the contributions of Seymour H. Knox, Jr. and his family, and many other donors. At this time the museum was renamed the Albright-Knox Art Gallery. The new building was designed by famed Skidmore, Owings and Merrill architect Gordon Bunshaft, who is noted for the Lever House in New York City.

The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Collection

The gallery's collection includes several pieces spanning art throughout the centuries. Impressionistic and Post-Impressionistic styles can be found in works by popular French artists of the nineteenth century such as Gauguin and van Gogh. Revolutionary styles from the early twentieth century such as cubism, surrealism, constructivism are represented in works by artists like Picasso, Braque, Matisse, Derain, Miró, Piet Mondrian, and Rodchenko. More modern pieces showing styles of abstract expressionism, pop art, and art of the 1970s through the end of the century can also be found represented by artists such as Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, and Warhol. Additionally, the gallery is also very rich in various pieces of post-war American and European art. ["History of Albright-Knox Art Gallery", http://www.albrightknox.org/GenInfo/history.html, 23 September 2008]

De-accessioning and the Albright-Knox's mission

On June 7, 2007, a Roman era bronze sculpture of “Artemis and the Stag” sold at Sotheby’s auction house in New York by the Albright-Knox Art Gallery brought $28.6 million, [ [http://buffalonews.typepad.com/inside_the_news/2007/06/artemis_fetches.html"Artemis" fetches a staggering sum" "The Buffalo News", 7 June 2007] Accessed 3 September 2008;] the highest price ever paid at auction for an antiquity or a sculpture of any period, according to Sotheby's. It was purchased by the London dealer Giuseppe Eskenazi on behalf of a private European collector. [ [http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1248/is_8_95/ai_n20511369 "Albright-Know rakes it in", "Art In America", September 2007] .] The event brought national attention to what had been a local question, the mission of the Albright-Knox, which was defined by the Albright-Knox director Louis Grachos in February 2007, at the time the list of works of art to be de-accessioned, as falling outside the institution's historical "core mission" of "acquiring and exhibiting art of the present". The definition made public critics wonder whether the position at the Gallery of "Hogarth's "Lady's Last Stake" or Sir Joshua Reynolds' "Cupid as a Link Boy" were secure; works by Courbet, Daumier, [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques-Louis_David|David] and Delacroix were purchased by the museum in earlier decades, [ [http://www.artsjournal.com/culturegrrl/2007/02/mission_creep_albrightknox_bel.html Lee Rosenbaum, "Mission Creep: Albright-Knox Belatedly Releases Its Complete Deaccession List" Arts Journal"] ]

References

External links

* [http://www.albrightknox.org/ Albright-Knox Art Gallery] official homepage
* [http://ah.bfn.org/a/elmwd/1285/alb.html Buffalo Architecture and History: Albright-Knox Art Gallery] , with photos and more detailed history


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