J.-H. Rosny aîné


J.-H. Rosny aîné

J.-H. Rosny aîné was the pseudonym of Joseph Henri Honoré Boex (February 17, 1856 - February 11, 1940), a French author of Belgian origin who is considered one of the founding figures of modern science fiction. Born in Brussels in 1856, he wrote together with his younger brother Séraphin Justin François Boex under the pen name J.-H. Rosny until 1909. After they ended their collaboration Joseph Boex continued to write under the name "Rosny aîné" ("Rosny the Elder") while his brother used J.-H. Rosny jeune ("Rosny the Younger").

Overview

Rosny Aîné was very much like H. G. Wells or Olaf Stapledon in his concepts and his way of dealing with them in his novels. He was, without a doubt, the second most important figure after Jules Verne in the history of modern French science fiction.

Rosny’s first science fiction tale was the short story "Les Xipehuz" (1887), in which primitive humans (the story took place a thousand years before Babylonian times) encounter inorganic aliens, with whom all forms of communication prove impossible. Men eventually drive away the invaders, but the hero mourns the loss of another life. This was the first time that science fiction had abandoned its usual anthropomorphic approach in the description of alien life.

The story "Un Autre Monde" [Another World] (1895) establishes that humans share the Earth with the land-bound Moedingen and the air-borne Vuren, two infinitely flat and invisible species who cohabit with us. Only a mutant whose vision is superior to that of ordinary men can see them. In "Le Cataclysme" [The Cataclysm] (1896), an entire region of France sees the physical laws of nature change, as a result of the arrival of a mysterious electro-magnetic entity from outer space.

Rosny’s short novel, "La Mort de la Terre" [The Death Of The Earth] (1910), takes place in the far future, when Earth had all but dried out. In it, the last descendants of mankind become aware of the emergence of a new species, the metal-based "Ferromagnetals", fated to replace us. "La Mort de la Terre" is one of the most moving tales ever written about the extinction of Man.

Another novel, "La Force Mystérieuse" [The Mysterious Force] (1913), tells of the destruction of a portion of the light spectrum by a mysterious force -- possibly aliens from outer space who, for a brief while, share our physical existence. This causes panic, then a progressive and potentially deadly cooling of the world.

"L'Énigme de Givreuse" [The Enigma Of Givreuse] (1917) is another remarkable novel about a fissiparous human being, divided into two totally similar individuals, each naturally believing himself to be the original.

The novella "La Jeune Vampire" [The Young Vampire] (1920) was the first time that vampirism was described as a genetic mutation, transmissible by birth.

"L'Étonnant Voyage d'Hareton Ironcastle" [The Amazing Journey Of Hareton Ironcastle] (1922) is a more traditional adventure novel; in it, explorers eventually discover a fragment of an alien world, with its fauna and flora, attached to Earth. The novel was adapted and retold by Philip José Farmer.

Rosny’s masterpiece is "Les Navigateurs de l'Infini" [The Navigators Of Infinity] (1925) in which the word “astronautique” was coined for the first time. In it, Rosny’s heroes travel to Mars in the “Stellarium”, a spaceship powered by artificial gravity and made of “argine”, an indestructible, transparent material. On Mars, the human explorers come in contact with the gentle, peaceful, six-eyed, three-legged “Tripèdes”, a dying race who is slowly being replaced by the “Zoomorphs”, alien entities who bear some resemblance to the “Ferromagnetals” of "La Mort de la Terre". Later, a young Martian female, capable of bearing children parthenogetically by merely wishing it, gives birth to a child after falling in love with one of the human explorers, undoubtedly the first romance ever written between a man and an alien female. This heralds the rebirth of the Martian race and, with Man’s help, the eventual reconquest of their planet.

Rosny also penned five powerful classic prehistoric novels: "Vamireh" (1892), "Eyrimah" (1893), the world-renowned classic "La Guerre du Feu" better known as "Quest for Fire" (1909), "Le Félin Géant" [The Giant Cat] (1918) (sometimes known as "Quest of the Dawn Man") and "Helgvor du Fleuve Bleu" [Helgvor of the Blue River] (1930). In it, he combined the notions of modern drama with the ability to depict Man’s early days in a colorful, yet totally believable fashion.

In 1897, Joseph Boex was named to the French Légion d'honneur and in 1903 was named to the first jury of the Prix Goncourt along with his brother. Rosny aîné remained involved with the Académie Goncourt and in 1926 became its president. He died in Paris in 1940.

Selected Bibliography

* "Les Xipehuz" (1887; transl. as "The Shapes", 1968)
* "Vamireh" (1892)
* "Eyrimah" (1893)
* "Nymphée" (1893)
* "Un autre monde" "Another World" (1895; transl. as "Another World", 2008) [J.-H Rosny the elder, "Another World", in Collapse: Journal of Philosophical Research and Development vol. iii, Falmouth: Urbanomic, 2007, ISBN 978-0-9553087-2-7, pp.255-305.]
* "Les Profondeurs de Kyamo" [The Depths Of Kyamo] (1896)
* "La Guerre du Feu" "Quest for Fire" (1909; transl. as "The Quest for Fire", 1967)
* "Le Trésor dans la Neige" [The Treasure In The Snow] (1910)
* "La Mort de la Terre" [The Death Of The Earth] (1910; transl. as "The Death Of The Earth", 1978)
* "La Force Mystérieuse" [The Mysterious Force] (1913)
* "L'Aube du Futur" [The Dawn Of The Future] (1917)
* "L'Énigme de Givreuse" [The Enigma Of Givreuse] (1917)
* "Le Félin Géant" (1918; transl. as "The Giant Cat", 1924; retransl. as "Quest Of The Dawn Man", 1964)
* La Grande Énigme [The Great Enigma] (1920)
* "L'Étonnant Voyage d'Hareton Ironcastle" [The Amazing Journey Of Hareton Ironcastle] (1922; adapted & retold by Philip Jose Farmer as "Ironcastle", 1976)
* "Les Autres Vies, les Autres Mondes" [Other Lives, Other Worlds] (1924)
* "L'Assassin Surnaturel" [The Supernatural Assassin] (1924)
* "Les Navigateurs de l'Infini" [The Navigators Of Infinity] (1925)
* "La Terre Noire" [The Black Earth] (1925)
* "Le Trésor Lointain" [The Far-Away Treasure] (1926)
* "La Femme Disparue" [The Vanished Woman] (1926)
* "Les Conquérants du Feu [The Conquerors Of Fire] (1929)
* "Les Hommes-Sangliers" [The Boar-Men] (1929)
* "Helgvor du Fleuve Bleu" [Helgvor Of The Blue River] (1929)
* "Au Château des Loups Rouges" [At The Castle Of The Red Wolves] (1929)
* "L'Initiation de Diane" [Diana's Initiation] (1930)
* "Tabubu" (1932)
* "La Sauvage Aventure" [The Savage Adventure] (1932)
* "Les Compagnons de l'Univers" [The Companions Of The Universe] (1934)
* "Le Vampire de Bethnal Green" [The Vampire Of Bethnal Green] (1935)

ee also

*J.-H. Rosny
*J.-H. Rosny jeune
*French science fiction
*Prix Rosny-Aîné

References

External links

* [http://www.coolfrenchcomics.com/navigateurs.htm Les Navigateurs de l'Infini]


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  • Rosny Aîné — J. H. Rosny aîné J. H. Rosny aîné Activité(s) Romancier Naissance 17 février 1856 Décès 15 février 1940 Genre(s) Science fiction, Aventures, entre autres Distinctions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rosny aîné — J. H. Rosny aîné J. H. Rosny aîné Activité(s) Romancier Naissance 17 février 1856 Décès 15 février 1940 Genre(s) Science fiction, Aventures, entre autres Distinctions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rosny Aîné — J. H. Rosny aîné (* 17. Februar 1856 in Brüssel; † 11. Februar 1940 in Paris; eigentlich Joseph Henri Honoré Boex), war ein belgisch französischer Schriftsteller, der als einer der Begründer der modernen Science Fiction gilt. Boex schrieb… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • J.-H. Rosny Aîné — Activité(s) Romancier Naissance 17 février 1856 Décès 15 février 1940 Genre(s) Science fiction, Aventures, entre autres Distinctions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • J.-H. Rosny aine — J. H. Rosny aîné J. H. Rosny aîné Activité(s) Romancier Naissance 17 février 1856 Décès 15 février 1940 Genre(s) Science fiction, Aventures, entre autres Distinctions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • J.-H. Rosny aîné — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Rosny. J. H. Rosny aîné Nom de naissance Joseph Henri Honoré Boex Activités Romancier Naissance 17 février 1856 Bruxel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • J.-h. rosny aîné — Activité(s) Romancier Naissance 17 février 1856 Décès 15 février 1940 Genre(s) Science fiction, Aventures, entre autres Distinctions …   Wikipédia en Français

  • J.-H. Rosny Aine — J. H. Rosny aîné (* 17. Februar 1856 in Brüssel; † 11. Februar 1940 in Paris; eigentlich Joseph Henri Honoré Boex), war ein belgisch französischer Schriftsteller, der als einer der Begründer der modernen Science Fiction gilt. Boex schrieb… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • J.-H. Rosny Aîné — (* 17. Februar 1856 in Brüssel; † 11. Februar 1940 in Paris; eigentlich Joseph Henri Honoré Boex), war ein belgisch französischer Schriftsteller, der als einer der Begründer der modernen Science Fiction gilt. Boex schrieb zunächst gemeinsam mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • J.-H. Rosny aîné — (* 17. Februar 1856 in Brüssel; † 11. Februar 1940 in Paris; eigentlich Joseph Henri Honoré Boex), war ein belgisch französischer Schriftsteller, der als einer der Begründer der modernen Science Fiction gilt. Boex schrieb zunächst gemeinsam mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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