Emerald Dove


Emerald Dove

Taxobox
name = Emerald Dove
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1


image_width = 200px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Columbiformes
familia = Columbidae
genus = " Chalcophaps"
species = "C. indica"
binomial = "Chalcophaps indica"
binomial_authority = (Linnaeus, 1758)

The Emerald Dove ("Chalcophaps indica") is a pigeon which is a widespread resident breeding bird in tropical southern Asia from Pakistan to Sri Lanka and east to Indonesia and northern and eastern Australia. The dove is also known by the names of Green Dove and Green-winged pigeon. It has a number of subspecies, with two existing in Australia, being the "longirostris" (from Kimberly, Western Australia to Cape York Peninsula) and "chrysochlora" (from Cape York Peninsula to southern New South Wales as well as Norfolk Island and Lord Howe Island).

This is a common species in rainforest and similar dense wet woodlands, farms, gardens, mangroves and coastal heaths. It builds a scant stick nest in a tree up to five metres and lays two cream-coloured eggs. Breeding tends to occur in Australia spring or early summer in southeastern Australia and late in the dry season in northern Australia.

Its flight is fast and direct, with the regular beats and an occasional sharp flick of the wings which are characteristic of pigeons in general. It often flies low between the patches of dense forest it prefers, but when disturbed will frequently walk away rather than fly. They are particularly good weavers when flying through forests. When flying they expose a buff underwing and a chestnut colour of their flight feathers.

Emerald Dove is a stocky, medium-sized pigeon, typically 23 to 28 centimetres (10 to 11.2 inches) in length. The back and wings are bright emerald green. The flight feathers and tail are blackish, and broad black and white bars show on the lower back in flight. The head and underparts are dark vinous pink (in "chrysochlora", more brown in "longirostris"), fading to greyish on the lower belly. The eyes are dark brown, the bill bright red and legs and feet rufous.The male has a white patch on the edge of the shoulders and a grey crown, which the female lacks. Females will tend to have a browner complexion with a grey mark on the shoulder. Immature birds resemble females but have brown scallops on their body and wing plumage.

Emerald doves usually occur singly, pairs or in small groups. They are quite terrestrial, often searching for fallen fruit on the ground and spending little time in trees except when roosting. They eat seeds and fruits of a wide variety of plants and are generally tame and approachable.

The call is a low soft moaning cooing consisting of about six to seven coos starting quietly and rising. They also call a nasal "hoo-hoo-hoon". Males perform a bobbing dance during courtship.

Emerald Dove is the state bird of the Indian State of Tamil Nadu.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* Grimmett, "Birds of India", Inskipp and Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6
* Pizzey and Knight, "Field Guide to the Birds of Australia", Angus & Robertson, ISBN 0-207-19691-5
* Trounsen and Trounsen, "Australian Birds: A Concise Photographic Field Guide, Cameron House. ISBN 1-875999-47-7.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • emerald dove — paprastasis smaragdinis purplelis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Chalcophaps indica angl. emerald dove vok. Glanzkäfertaube, f rus. изумрудный голубь, m pranc. colombine turvert, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas –… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Christmas Island Emerald Dove — Conservation status Endangered (EPBC Act) Scientific classification Kin …   Wikipedia

  • Common Emerald Dove — Male at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, USA Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Stephan's Emerald Dove — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Dove Island — Geography Location Hudson Bay Coordinates 56°13′N …   Wikipedia

  • Emerald-spotted Wood Dove — Taxobox name = Emerald spotted Wood Dove status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 image caption = Adult regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Columbiformes familia = Columbidae genus = Turtur species = T. chalcospilos binomial =… …   Wikipedia

  • Emerald City (album) — Infobox Album | Name = Emerald City Type = Album Artist = John Vanderslice Released = July 24 2007 Genre = Indie rock Length = 38:16 Label = Barsuk Reviews = *Allmusic Rating|4|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg sql=10:gnfrxzq5ldse link] …   Wikipedia

  • emerald-spotted wood-dove — žaliadėmis miškinis purplelis statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Turtur chalcospilos angl. emerald spotted wood dove vok. Bronzeflecktaube, f rus. бронзовопятнистая лесная горлица, f pranc. tourtelette émeraudine, f ryšiai:… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Sibley-Monroe checklist 6 — The Sibley Monroe checklist was a landmark document in the study of birds. It drew on extensive DNA DNA hybridisation studies to reassess the relationships between modern birds.StrigiformesTytonidae* Tyto tenebricosa Greater Sooty Owl * Tyto… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Asian birds — This list of Asian birds is a listing of all the bird species known from the continent of Asia.NotesThe taxonomy of this list adheres to James Clements Birds of the World: A Checklist , and reflects all changes to that work until July, 2005.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.