The Presidium or Præsidium (from Latin "praesidium" meaning protection or defense so plural presidia or praesidia) is the name for the executive committeeFact|date=January 2008 of various legislative and organizational bodies.

In Communist states the presidium was the permanent executive committee of legislative bodies such as the Supreme Soviet in the USSR. The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR existed since 1936 when the Supreme Soviet replaced the Central Executive Committee, and from 1936 until 1991 the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet was the formal title of the head of state of the USSR until the office of President of the Soviet Union was introduced in 1990.

From 1952 to 1966 the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union was known as the Presidium of the Central Committee of the Communist Party but despite the similarity in name, the two Presidia were different bodies with different functions.

A praesidium is also the group of people which takes care of the daily management of a student organisation in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Belgium and Poland.

ee also

*Presidium of the Bundestag (Germany)
*Presidium of the Riksdag (Sweden)

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  • présidium — [ prezidjɔm ] n. m. VAR. præsidium • Présidium 1918; mot russe, du lat. ♦ Anciennt Organisme directeur du Conseil Suprême des Soviets (ou Soviet Suprême). Le Présidium du Soviet Suprême. Membre du présidium. ● praesidium ou présidium nom masculin …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • presídium — 1. Voz de origen latino que, procedente del ruso, se usa con el sentido de ‘órgano que rige una organización comunista, en especial el que regía el Sóviet Supremo de la antigua URSS’: «Parece lógico que el Sóviet Supremo elija a Gorbachov… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • presidium — index board, management (directorate) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • presidium — {{hw}}{{presidium}}{{/hw}}(o s ) s. m. inv. Sino ai primi anni 90, presidenza, in organi rappresentativi di Stato o di partito in alcuni paesi comunisti europei …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • presidium — (n.) permanent administrative committee of the U.S.S.R., 1924, from Rus. prezidium, from L. præsidium a presiding over, defense, from præsidere (see PRESIDE (Cf. preside)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • presidium — (also praesidium) ► NOUN ▪ a standing executive committee in a communist country. ORIGIN Russian prezidium, from Latin praesidere preside …   English terms dictionary

  • presidium — [pri sid′ē əm] n. pl. presidia [pri sid′ēə] or presidiums [Russ prezidium < L praesidium: see PRESIDIO] 1. [often P ] in certain communist countries, a standing committee empowered to act for a larger body, as a legislature 2. [P ] the… …   English World dictionary

  • Présidium — Præsidium Le præsidium or présidium (du latin praesidium langue dans laquelle on a longtemps utilisé la ligature æ pour ae dans les textes imprimés signifiant « protection ou défense » ; pluriel en français : præsidia ou… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • presidium — UK [prɪˈsɪdɪəm] / US noun [countable] Word forms presidium : singular presidium plural presidiums or presidia a committee in Communist countries that represents a larger political group such as a parliament …   English dictionary

  • presidium — /pri sid ee euhm/, n., pl. presidiums, presidia / sid ee euh/. (often cap.) (in the Soviet Union and other Communist countries) an administrative committee, usually permanent and governmental, acting when its parent body is in recess but… …   Universalium

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