- Benjamin II
Benjamin II was the pen name of a
Romanian traveler; born at Fălticeni, Moldavia (now in Romania), in 1818; died at London May 3, 1864. Married young, he engaged in the lumber business, but losing his modest fortune, he gave up commerce. Being of an adventurous disposition, he adopted the name of Benjamin of Tudela, the famous Jewish traveler of the twelfth century, and toward the end of 1844 set out to search for the Lost Ten Tribes. He first went to Vienna, and in January, 1845, started for Constantinople, visiting several cities on the Mediterranean. He landed at AlexandriaJune, 1847, and proceeded via Cairoto Palestine. He then traveled through Syria, Babylonia, Kurdistan, Persia, the Indies, Kabuland Afghanistan, returning June, 1851, to Constantinople, and thence to Vienna. After a short stay in the last-named city, he went to Italy, embarking there for Algeriaand Morocco.
On arriving in France, after having traveled for eight years, he prepared in Hebrew his impressions of travel, and had the book translated into French. After suffering many tribulations in obtaining subscriptions for his book, he issued it in 1856, under the title "Cinq Années en Orient" (1846-51). The same work, revised and enlarged, was subsequently published in German under the title "Acht Jahre in Asien und Afrika" (Hanover, 1858), with a preface by
Meyer Kayserling. An English version has also been published. As the veracity of his accounts and the genuineness of his travels were attacked by some critics, he amply defended himself by producing letters and other tokens proving his journey to the various Oriental countries named. Benjamin relates only what he has seen; and, although some of his remarks show insufficient scholarship and lack of scientific method, his truthful and simple narrative gained the approval of eminent scholars like Humboldt, Petermann, and Richter.
In 1859 Benjamin undertook another journey, this time to America, where he stayed three years. The result of his observations there he published on his return, under the title "Drei Jahre in Amerika" (Hanover, 1863). The kings of Sweden and of Hanover now conferred distinctions upon him. Encouraged by the sympathy of several scientists, who drew up a plan and a series of suggestions for his guidance, he determined to go again to Asia and Africa, and went to London in order to raise funds for this journey — a journey which was not to be undertaken. Worn out by fatigues and privations, which had caused him to grow old before his time and gave him the appearance of age, he died poor in London; and his friends and admirers had to arrange a public subscription in order to save his wife and daughter from misery.
In addition to the works mentioned above, Benjamin published "Jawan Mezula, Schilderung des Polnisch-Kosakischen Krieges und der Leiden der Juden in Poland Während der Jahre 1648-53, Bericht eines Zeitgenossen nach einer von. L. Lelewel Durchgesehenen Französischen Uebersetzung, Herausgegeben von J. J. Benjamin II.", Hanover, 1863, a German edition of Rabbi Nathan Nata Hanover's work on the insurrection of the
Cossacksin the seventeenth century, with a preface by Kayserling.
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Benjamin — (Hebrew Name|בִּנְיָמִין|Binyamin|Binyāmîn) in the Book of Genesis, is a son of Jacob, the second (and last) son of Rachel, and the founder of the Israelite Tribe of Benjamin [Genesis 35:18] ; in the Biblical account, unlike Rachel s first son… … Wikipedia
BENJAMIN — (Heb. בִּנְיָמִין), youngest son of jacob by rachel (Gen. 35:16–18), and the eponym of the tribe of Benjamin. Benjamin was the only one of Jacob s sons to be born in Canaan. Little is told of his life and personality. Our preserved texts… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
benjamin — benjamin, ine [ bɛ̃ʒamɛ̃, in ] n. • fin XVIIe « enfant préféré »; nom du plus jeune fils de Jacob, littéralt « fils du bonheur » 1 ♦ Le, la plus jeune d une famille, d un groupe. ⇒ cadet, dernier né. La benjamine de la famille, de la classe. 2 ♦… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Benjamin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Benjamin hace referencia a: Benjamin Amos, futbolista inglés; Benjamin Biolay, cantautor y productor discográfico francés; Benjamin Britten, compositor británico; Benjamin Constant de Rebecque, político y escritor… … Wikipedia Español
BENJAMIN (W.) — Penseur engagé sur plusieurs fronts et circulant volontiers de l’un à l’autre, Walter Benjamin doit son irrésistible fulgurance à la mobilité avec laquelle il se déplace. Ses sauts de tigre (la dialectique passe toujours chez lui par la voie… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Benjamin — • The youngest son of Jacob born of Rachel Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Benjamin Benjamin † … Catholic encyclopedia
Benjamin — (hebr. „Glückskind“, „Kind des Glücks“) bezeichnet: Benjamin (Vorname); männlicher Vorname, siehe dort Etymologie, Varianten und Namensträger Benjamin (Familienname); Träger des Nachnamens Benjamin (Bibel), der jüngste Sohn des Patriarchen Jakob… … Deutsch Wikipedia
benjamin — BENJAMÍN s.m. (Rar) Cel mai mic copil al unei familii; cel mai tânăr membru al unui grup. – Din fr. benjamin. Trimis de paula, 02.06.2002. Sursa: DEX 98 benjamín s. m., pl. benjamíni Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … … Dicționar Român
Benjamín — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Benjamín (desambiguación). Del hebreo Ben iamin: hijo de la diestra. Se refiere a la derecha como símbolo de fuerza o virtud. Según la Biblia es el hijo menor del patriarca… … Wikipedia Español
BENJAMIN II — (originally Israel Joseph Benjamin; 1818–1864), Romanian explorer and writer born in Falticeni, Moldavia. He engaged first in the lumber trade (for this reason he was nicknamed Chiristigiu or Lumberjack ) but after some initial success, he lost… … Encyclopedia of Judaism