Jabal ad-Druze (state)


Jabal ad-Druze (state)

Infobox Former Country
native_name = جبل الدروز
conventional_long_name = Jabal ad-Druze
common_name = Jabal ad-Druze
continent = moved from Category:Asia to the Middle East
region = the Middle East
country = Syria
era = Interwar period
status = League of Nations Mandate
empire = France
event_start =
year_start = 1921
date_start =
event_end =
year_end = 1936
date_end =
event1 = Named "State of Souaida"
date_event1 = March 4, 1922
event2 = Named "Jabal ad-Druze"
date_event2 = 1927
p1 = Ottoman Empire
flag_p1 = Ottoman Flag.svg
s1 = French Mandate of Syria
flag_s1 = Flag of Syria French mandate.svg








image_map_caption = Jabal ad-Druze (turquoise) in the Mandate of Syria.
capital = As Suwayda
religion = Druze
common_languages = Arabic
representative1 = Amir Salim Basha al-Atrash
year_representative1 = 1921-1923
representative2 = Tarit
year_representative2 = 1925-1936

Jabal ad-Druze (Arabic:جبل الدروز) was an autonomous state in the French Mandate of Syria from 1921 to 1936, created for the local Druze population.

Nomenclature

On March 4, 1922 it was proclaimed as the State of Souaida, after the capital As Suwayda, but in 1927 it was renamed Jabal ad-Druze or Jebel Druze State, after the Jabal ad-Duruz mountain.

History

Formed on May 1, 1921 in former Ottoman territory, Jabal ad-Druze was home to about 50,000 Arab Druze. It was the first, and remains the only autonomous entity to be populated and governed by Arab Druze. The 1927 Syrian Revolution began in Jabal ad-Druze under the leadership of Sultan al-Atrash. Under the Franco-Syrian Treaty of 1936, it ceased to exist as an autonomous entity and was incorporated into Syria.

Allon Plan for a Druze state in the Golan/Quneitra

During the 1970's, Israeli politician Yigal Allon proposed as part of the so-called Allon Plan that a Druze state ("Jabal Druze") be established in Syria's Quneitra Governorate, including the Israeli-held Golan Heights [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/988828.html] . Allon died in 1980, and in the following year the Israeli government passed the Golan Heights Law, effectively annexing most of the Governorate.

Governors

*Amir Salim Basha al-Atrash (May 1, 1921 - September 15, 1923)
*Trenga (provisional) (September 1923 - March 6, 1924)
*Gabriel Marie Victor Carbillet (March 6, 1924 - October 14, 1925)
*Charles Andréa (October 15, 1925-1927)
*Marie Joseph Léon Augustin Henry (1927)
*Abel Jean Ernest Clément-Grancourt (1927-1932)
*Renaud Massiet (February 3, 1932 - January 28, 1934)
*Devicq (1934-1935)
*Tarit (1935 - December 2, 1936)

ources and external links

* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Syria.html#Jebel%20Druze Syria] - WorldStatesmen
* [http://unimaps.com/syria-leb1923/mainmap.gifMap]

ee also

*Druze
*French Mandate of Syria
*Alawite State
*Federalism in Syria


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