Federal Register


Federal Register

The "Federal Register" (since March 14, 1936), abbreviated Fed. Reg., or sometimes FR) is the official journal of the United States Government that contains most routine publications and public notices of government agencies. It is a daily (except holidays) publication.

The "Federal Register" is compiled by the Office of the Federal Register (within the National Archives and Records Administration) and is printed by the Government Printing Office.

There are no copyright restrictions on the "Federal Register" as it is a work of the U.S. government. It is in the public domain. [1 CFR § 2.6 titled "Unrestricted use." reads as follows: "Any person may reproduce or republish, without restriction, any material appearing in any regular or special edition of the Federal Register." http://ecfr.gpoaccess.gov/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=ecfr;sid=0fe1b8b102f510db9812a4b93b187b6f;rgn=div5;view=text;node=1%3A1.0.1.1.2;idno=1;cc=ecfr (Retrieved August 3, 2008.)]

Citations from the "Federal Register" are [volume] Fed. Reg. [page number] ( [date] ), "e.g.", 65 Fed. Reg. 66,741 (2000-10-01).fact|date=July 2008

History

The "Federal Register" system of publication was created in 1935 under the Federal Register Act [Usctc|44|15] and was further enlarged and amended by the Administrative Procedure Act of 1946. [usc|5|551.]

Contents

The "Federal Register" is the main source for the U.S. federal government agencies':

* Proposed new rules and regulations;
* Final rules;
* Changes to existing rules; and
* Notices of meetings and adjudicatory proceedings.

In essence, the "Federal Register" is a way for the government to think aloud to the people, and also serves as official journal of record for the approved acts of the U.S. Government. The notice and comment process outlined in the "Federal Register" gives the people a chance to participate in agency rulemaking.

The "United States Government Manual" is published as a special edition of the Federal Register. Its focus is on programs and activities (USCFR|1|9.1).

Format

Each daily issue of the "Federal Register" is organized into four categories:

* Presidential Documents (executive orders and proclamations)
* Rules and Regulations (policy statements and interpretations of rules by federal agencies)
* Proposed Rules (petitions by agencies for assistance in rulemaking and other proposals)
* Notices (scheduled hearings and meetings open to the public, grant applications, and administrative orders)

The citation "44 Fed. Reg. 33,238" refers to "Federal Register", volume 44, page 33,238." The published notice, called a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (or "NPRM") typically requests public comment on a proposed rule, and provides notice of any public meetings where a proposed rule will be discussed. The public comments are considered by the issuing government agency, and the text of a final rule is published in the "Federal Register".

The final rules promulgated by a federal agency and published in the "Federal Register" are ultimately reorganized by topic or subject matter and re-published (or "codified") in the "Code of Federal Regulations" (CFR), which is updated annually.

Coverage

Not all documents created by U.S. federal agencies are published in the "Federal Register". The government has the power to classify documents so that they are not published.

The agencies required to publish in the "Federal Register" are those who are required to promulgate regulations in the Code of Federal Regulations ("CFR").

Each agency is required to list the sections of the CFR that will be affected by the proposals or rulings in the day's "Federal Register". The List of CFR Sections Affected is published monthly, and is used to update "CFR" sections changed by new rules published in the "Federal Register".

A "unified agenda" is published semi-annually (April and October of each year), listing regulatory efforts that federal agencies expect to undertake in the coming months. As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act and other laws and Executive Orders, this agenda includes indices showing segments of the public and levels of government that are expected to be affected by each of these coming regulations.

Availability

To purchase current or back copies of "Federal Register", one may contact the U.S. Government Printing Office. In each issue of "Federal Register", there is a subscription page. Currently, a year's subscription rate within the U.S. is US$749. Each individual issue may be priced from $11 to $33 depending on its pages. Virtually every law library associated with an ABA-accredited law school will also have a set, as will Federal Depository libraries [ [http://catalog.gpo.gov/fdlpdir/FDLPdir.jsp FDLP Library Directory ] ] .

The "Federal Register" is not small; for example, the 2006 "Federal Register" was 69,428 pages long. Although the "Federal Register" is quite important from a legal and historical perspective as a record of the regular business of American government agencies, few people read it regularly (even lawyers, except for those specializing in keeping track of developments in it), due to its massive volume and the dry style of its content.

Free sources

The "Federal Register" is available online from 1994. Federal depository libraries within the U.S. also receive copies of the text, either in paper or microfiche format. Outside the U.S., some major libraries may also carry the "Federal Register".

Any agency proposing a rule in the "Federal Register" must provide contact information for people and organizations interested in making comments to the agencies. The agencies are required to give due diligence to these concerns when it publishes its final rule on the subject.

As part of the Federal E-Government eRulemaking Initiative, the web site Regulations.gov was established in 2003 to enable easy public access to Federal Register publications related to rulemaking and was further enhanced in 2005 with the launch of the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS). Through FDMS, the public can use Regulations.gov to access entire rulemaking dockets from participating Federal Departments and Agencies" to include providing on-line comments directly to those responsible for drafting the rulemakings. [ [http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/main] ]

Paid sources

Other than paid copies or subscriptions, people may obtain "Federal Register" contents from commercial databases:
* CyberRegs Complete Federal Register and CFRs on CyberRegs. Premium communication/collaboration, research, and change management services to facilitate timely and accurate implementation of regulations compliance. Automated notification for Federal Register and CFRs for pre-selected topics of interest. Auditable compliance with regulations.]
* Citation Technologies Inc. Complete Federal Register and CFRs on CyberRegs from Citation Technologies. Premium communication/collaboration, research, and change management services to facilitate timely and accurate implementation of regulations compliance. Automated notification for Federal Register and CFRs for pre-selected topics of interest. Auditable compliance with regulations.]
* Westlaw (January 1, 1981-): Searchable text format since USFR|46|1. The Unified Agenda and the official English text of the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, which became effective January 1, 1988, are included. Sunshine Act Meeting Notices are not available prior to 1991. Unified Agenda documents are not available prior to October 1989. [ [http://web2.westlaw.com/scope/default.wl?rs=WLW7.02&fn=_top&sv=Split&tc=1101&tf=770&db=FR&utid=%7b2B2F6D95-0E0A-4138-872F-21F1DC98F2A3%7d&vr=2.0&rp=%2fscope%2fdefault.wl] ]
* LexisNexis (July 1, 1980-): Searchable text format since USFR|45|44251. [ [https://w3.lexis.com/research2/source/srcinfo.do?_m=ca10859474b6ed9aecc55009c2e33cec&src=6013&wchp=dGLzVzz-zSkAb&_md5=1c2241dbe406dce661973cb9fae4d60d] ]
* HeinOnline (1936-): Searchable image format (OCR'ed texts may contain much error).

Applications

Nobel laureate and libertarian economist Milton Friedman consulted the "Federal Register" in an attempt to determine how much individual liberty he believed to be diminished per year. He noted that the number of pages added to the "Federal Register" each year declined sharply at the start of the Reagan presidency, breaking a steady and sharp increase since 1970. The increase in the number of pages added per year resumed a less-steep upward trend after Reagan left office. [http://www.hooverdigest.org/043/friedman.html]

Amateur radio enthusiasts and people in general consult the "Federal Register" to determine when FCC rule changes take effect. Rule changes announced by the FCC do not usually take effect until after some specified time of being published in the "Federal Register" (generally, a month later).

Notes

See also

*Official Journal of the European Union

External links

* [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/index.html The Federal Register at the GPO, online in both text and PDF, from 1994 on]
* [http://www.archives.gov/federal_register/publications/about_the_federal_register.html Introduction to the FR by NARA]
* [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/lsa/index.html List of CFR Sections Affected by the FR]
* [http://www.hooverdigest.org/043/friedman.html Freedom’s Friend by Milton Friedman] Friedman uses the Federal Register to measure decreases in liberty
* [http://www.thefederalregister.com TheFederalRegister.Com] Searchable database of Federal Register Documents
* [http://catalog.gpo.gov/fdlpdir/FDLPdir.jsp List of Federal Depository Libraries that have copies of the Federal Register]
* [http://www.cit-r-us.com/ Software to automatically generate legal citations to the Federal Register]
* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/03/06/AR2006030601757.html Federal Register turns 70]
* [http://www.llsdc.org/fed-reg-cfr/ Research Guide the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Federal Register — n: the daily bulletin of administrative and executive rules, regulations, orders, and notices that is published by the federal government see also code of federal regulations in the important laws section ◇ The Federal Register in effect updates… …   Law dictionary

  • Federal Register — (FR) A daily weekday publication distributed by the Office of the Federal Register in which certain U.S. government documents must be published …   Glossary of postal terms

  • Federal Register — Documento que publica el gobierno de EE.UU. cada día laborable para informar al público de las normas ejecutivas, órdenes presidenciales, audiencias y reuniones programadas de la Food and Drug Administration, de la Environmental Protection Agency …   Diccionario médico

  • Federal Register — The Federal Register, published daily, is the medium for making available to the public Federal agency regulations and other legal documents of the executive branch. These documents cover a wide range of Government activities. An important… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Federal Register — The Federal Register, published daily, is the medium for making available to the public Federal agency regulations and other legal documents of the executive branch. These documents cover a wide range of Government activities. An important… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Federal Register — An official publication in daily issues of executive orders and proclamations of the President, rules, regulations, etc. of the federal departments, commissions, and agencies. A publication prescribed by law wherein every federal agency shall… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Federal Register — a bulletin, published daily by the U.S. federal government, containing the schedule of hearings before Congressional and federal agency committees, together with orders, proclamations, etc., released by the executive branch of the government. * * …   Universalium

  • Federal Register — a bulletin, published daily by the U.S. federal government, containing the schedule of hearings before Congressional and federal agency committees, together with orders, proclamations, etc., released by the executive branch of the government …   Useful english dictionary

  • Office of the Federal Register — The Office of the Federal Register is an agency of the United States government within the National Archives and Records Administration. The Office publishes the Federal Register, Code of Federal Regulations, and United States Statutes at Large,… …   Wikipedia

  • Office of the Federal Register — L Office of the Federal Register est une division de la National Archives and Records Administration. Parmi ses fonctions, l Office of the Federal Register s occupe entre autres de la publication du Registre fédéral, du Code des règlements… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.