infobox UK place
country = England
population = 2,600
region= East of England
constituency_westminster= Saffron Walden
Thaxted is a town in the
Uttlesforddistrict of Essex, England, with about 2600 inhabitants.
Notable Thaxted buildings include
Horham Hall, Thaxted Guildhalldating from around 1450and John Webb's Windmillbuilt in 1804. The parish churchof St John is renowned for its Flying-buttressed spire, Perpendicular windows and Adam and Eveglass.
Thaxted appears in the
Domesday Bookof 1086 as "Tachesteda", Old English for "place where thatch was got." Once a centre of cutlerymanufacture, Thaxted went into decline with the rise of Sheffieldas a major industrial centre. A light railway, the Elsenham & Thaxted Light Railway, eventually opened in 1913, though the railway itself never reached nearer than three-quarters of a mile (1.2km) from the town, as building earthworks across the River Chelmer proved too costly. With the growth of road transport, the line was closed to passengers in 1952 and closed altogether in 1953. The name of Cutler's Green, a small hamlet (place)about a mile to the west of Thaxted, recalls the trade that yielded the area's early wealth.
Thaxted's population has remained almost unchanged down the centuries, hovering near the 2,000 mark. In 1829 there were 2,293 people living in Thaxted; in 1848 there were 2,527. At the time of the 1881 census that figure fell to 1,914, and fell further in 1921 to 1,596. [Mark Arman. 1978. "An Historical Guide and brief tour of the Ancient Town of Thaxted in Essex". [Published by author] , ISBN 0946943001.]
Two one-time residents of Thaxted made significant contributions to British culture:
* The British composer
Gustav Holstwas a long term resident. Sections of his most famous work, " The Planets", were inspired by local charactersFact|date=August 2008. Holst's setting of the patriotic hymn " I Vow to Thee, My Country" to the trio melody of "Jupiter" in "The Planets" is named after the town.
Diana Wynne Jones, author of " Howl's Moving Castle" and many other novels, was raised in the town.
Thaxted is also a centre for Morris dancing, the "
Morris Ring" having been founded there in 1934. The Morris Ring is the National Association of Morris Dancers. "Morris" being a traditional form of English folk dance.
The town was used for many of the exterior scenes in the 1952 comedy film "Time Gentlemen Please".
Conrad Noel(1869-1942) - An ardent Christian Socialist, Noel was Thaxted's most famous and controversial vicar, serving in the post from 1910 until his death.
* [http://www.essexchurches.info/church.asp?p=Thaxted&ty=e Thaxted Church on Essex Churches website]
* [http://www.subbrit.org.uk/sb-sites/stations/t/thaxted/index.shtml Pictures and information on Thaxted station from subbrit.org.uk]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Thaxted — 51° 57′ 16″ N 0° 20′ 46″ E / 51.9544, 0.3461 … Wikipédia en Français
Thaxted — Original name in latin Thaxted Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 51.95326 latitude 0.34478 altitude 86 Population 2112 Date 2010 05 24 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Thaxted (disambiguation) — Thaxted may refer to:* Thaxted, Essex * Thaxted (tune) … Wikipedia
Thaxted (tune) — Thaxted, the English village where the British composer Gustav Holst resided much of his life, is also the name of a hymn tune, with the unusual meter of 13 13 13 13 13 13, based on the stately main theme of the Jupiter movement of his orchestral … Wikipedia
John Webb's Mill, Thaxted — which has been restored to working order.History John Webb s Mill or Lowe s Mill was built in 1804 for John Webb, a local farmer and landowner. cite book | first = Kenneth| last = Farries| year = 1982| month = | title = Essex Windmills, Millers… … Wikipedia
Elsenham & Thaxted Light Railway — The Elsenham Thaxted Light Railway was a light railway in Essex, England. The line was sanctioned in 1906, although did not finally open to traffic until 1 April 1913. It was the last significant rail line building in Essex. [ [http://www.e… … Wikipedia
Cutlers Green Halt railway station — was a station serving the hamlet of Cutlers Green, Essex. It closed in 1952. Former Services Preceding station Disused railways Following station Sibleys Elsenham Thaxted Light Railway Thaxted … Wikipedia
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Essex — For other uses, see Essex (disambiguation). Essex Motto of County Council: Essex Works. For a better quality of life … Wikipedia