Dysphasia


Dysphasia

:"Dysphasia should not be confused with the similarly pronounced dysphagia, which is a difficulty swallowing."DiseaseDisorder infobox
Name = Dysphasia
ICD10 = ICD10|F|80|1|f|80, ICD10|F|80|2|f|80, ICD10|R|47|0|r|47
ICD9 = ICD9|438.12, ICD9|784.5

Dysphasia (IPA|/dɪsˈfe(ɪ)zjə/) is a language disorder in which there is an impairment of speech and of comprehension of speech. It is caused by brain damage, usually in the left side of the brain which is responsible for language and communication. The word comes from the Greek "dys-" (impairment) and "phasia" (φασια) (speech).

The term dysphasia has been eclipsed by the modern usage of the term "aphasia" particularly in the field of speech/language pathology so as not to confuse with the swallowing disorder "dysphagia". Aphasia literally means no speech. But the speech impairment in aphasia could range from complete absence of speech to difficulty in naming a few objects. Aphasia is generally tested on the basis of comprehension of speech, fluency of speech, repetition, and naming of objects. On this basis, aphasia can be classified as global aphasia, Wernicke's aphasia, Broca's aphasia, conduction aphasia, transcortical motor aphasia, transcortical sensory aphasia, or anomic aphasia.

See also

* Aphasia
* Specific language impairment
* Speech therapy

External links

* [http://www.strokesoftware.com/aphasia/what_aphasia_is.htm Expressive Aphasia Definition] in plain English.
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aVhYN7NTIKU Wernicke's Aphasia] on YouTube


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • dysphasia — [dis fā′zhə, dis fā′zhē ə, dis fā′zē ə] n. [ModL < DYS + PHASIA] impairment of the ability to speak or, sometimes, to understand language, as the result of brain injury, a brain tumor, etc. dysphasic [disfā′zik] adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • dysphasia — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1883 loss of or deficiency in the power to use or understand language as a result of injury to or disease of the brain • dysphasic noun or adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • dysphasia — dysphasic /dis fay zik, sik/, adj. /dis fay zheuh, zhee euh, zee euh/, n. Pathol. inability to speak or understand words because of a brain lesion. [1875 80; DYS + (A)PHASIA] * * * …   Universalium

  • dysphasia — noun loss of or deficiency in the power to use or understand language as a result of injury or disease of the brain …   Wiktionary

  • dysphasia — Impairment in the production of speech and failure to arrange words in an understandable way; caused by an acquired lesion of the brain. SYN: dysphrasia. [dys + G. phasis, speaking] * * * dys·pha·sia dis fā zh(ē )ə n loss of or deficiency in the… …   Medical dictionary

  • dysphasia — Synonyms and related words: aphasia, aphonia, artificial voice, broken speech, broken tones, broken voice, childish treble, choked voice, cracked voice, croak, crow, dysarthria, dyslalia, dyslogia, dysphonia, dysphrasia, echolalia, falsetto,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • dysphasia — n. impairment of speech and language comprehension …   English contemporary dictionary

  • dysphasia — [dɪs feɪzɪə] noun Psychiatry language disorder marked by deficiency in the generation of speech, due to brain disease or damage. Derivatives dysphasic adjective Origin C19: from Gk dusphatos hard to utter …   English new terms dictionary

  • dysphasia — dys·pha·sia …   English syllables

  • dysphasia — n.; see aphasia …   The new mediacal dictionary


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