image_caption = Downtown Salgótarján
image_shield = WĘG Salgótarján COA.jpg
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = HUN
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Salgótarján
website= [http://www.salgotarjan.hu/ salgotarjan.hu]
Salgótarján (approximate pronunciation: "shal-gow-tahr-yaan") is a city with county rights in Nógrád county, north-eastern
At the foot of
Karancs mountain, in the Cserhát hills, 250 meters above sea level, convert|120|km|mi|0|abbr=on north-east from Budapest, convert|70|km|mi|0|abbr=on west from Miskolc. Salgótarján is surrounded by beautiful forests and hills topped with castle ruins, which are accessible by bus that may be taken from the center of town.
The town already existed in the
Middle Ages, but information on it is scarce, it is likely that it was a small village. The word "salgó" means "shining" in Old Hungarian, while "Tarján" was the name of one of the Hungarian tribes conquering the area.
The castle of Salgó was built in the 13th century on a mountain of volcanic origin. In the 13th century the town already had a church.
After the siege of the nearby Castle of
Fiľakovo(1682) the town was deserted, and new settlers arrived only ten years later, but remained a small village.
Development came in the mid-19th century, when a coal mine was opened nearby. The job opportunities provided by the mine and the developing industry began to attract people. The village grew quickly and was granted town status in 1922. Today visitors can see the remains of the mining industry by visiting the Mine Museum, which is located next to the main entrance of the mine.
In 1950, Salgótarján became the capital of Nógrád county instead of the previous county seat
Balassagyarmat. In the next twenty years several villages were annexed to the growing city.
The coal mines have been closed years ago, leaving the city with high unemployment rates.
In 1994, Salgótarján was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accord with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50.000 were granted county rights, and Salgótarján was one of only two county seats that had smaller population than 50.000; the other was
Doncaster, United Kingdom
Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
Vigarano Mainarda, Italy
* [http://www.salgotarjan.hu Official site of Salgótarján]
* [http://www.tarjaninfo.hu Tarjáninfó.hu informations, programs, events.]
* [http://www.akm.externet.hu/km/varak/adatok/var101.htm Some pictures of the castle]
* [http://www.guesthousehungary.com Family friendly guesthouse, accommodation in Salgótarján]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Salgotarjan — Salgótarján … Deutsch Wikipedia
Salgótarján — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Salgótarján Bandera … Wikipedia Español
Salgótarján — Salgótarján … Deutsch Wikipedia
Salgótarján — Héraldique Vue a … Wikipédia en Français
Salgotarjan — Salgótarján Salgótarján … Wikipédia en Français
Salgótarján — [ ʃɔlgoːtɔrjaːn], Hauptstadt des Bezirks Nógrád, Ungarn, im Nordungarischen Mittelgebirge, im engen Tal des oberen Tarján, nahe der Grenze zur Slowakischen Republik, 46 400 Einwohner; Hochschule für Finanzen und Buchhaltung; Eisen und Stahlwerk … Universal-Lexikon
Salgótarján — ▪ Hungary city of county status and seat of Nógrád megye (county), north central Hungary. It lies in the Tarján River valley near the border with Slovakia and is surrounded by hills. Industrial development, based on extensive brown coal… … Universalium
Salgótarjan — Sp Šálgotarjanas Ap Salgótarjan L Nogrado c., Vengrija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Salgótarján — ► C. del N de Hungría, cap. del condado de Nógrád, cerca de la frontera eslovaca; 48 000 h … Enciclopedia Universal
Salgotarjan — Original name in latin Salgtarjn Name in other language Baglyasalja, Shal gotar jan, Shalgo Tar yan, Zagyvapalfalva, Zagyvaplfalva, Шальготарьян State code HU Continent/City Europe/Budapest longitude 48.09872 latitude 19.80303 altitude 242… … Cities with a population over 1000 database