Grigol Peradze

Grigol Peradze

Grigol Peradze ("St. Priest Martyr Grigol"), (September 13, 1899 - December 6, 1942) was a famous Georgian ecclesiastic figure, theologian, historian, Archimandrite, PhD of History, Professor.

Life and works

Grigol Peradze was born in the village of Bakurtsikhe, in the Gurjaani district of the Kakheti region, in Eastern Georgia. His father, Romanoz Peradze, was a priest.

In 1918 Peradze graduated from the Tbilisi Theological Seminary, and afterwards studied at the Tbilisi State University until 1921.

On February 25, 1921, Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia. Grigol Peradze went into exile in Germany in November the same year.

In 1926 he graduated from the University of Bonn (Germany). In 1927 he received a PhD degree in History (the title of his PhD thesis was "History of the Georgian Monasticism from its creation until 1064").

From 1927 - 1932 Peradze was an Associate Professor at the University of Bonn. From 1933 - 1942 he was a Professor of Patrology at the Faculty of Orthodox Theology of Warsaw University, in Poland.

In 1931, Grigol Peradze was ordained a priest in the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of London; in 1934, he received the rank of Archimandrite. In 1931, he founded a Georgian St. Nino Orthodox church in Paris. In the same year he began to publish a Georgian scientific journal titled "Jvari Vazisa" ("Cross of Vine").

In the 1930s, Peradze discovered numerous important written manuscripts of Georgian Christian culture in Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Germany, and Austria (Georgian manuscripts of the Typicon of the Georgian Petritsoni Monastery (Bachkovo, Bulgaria), the so-called Tischendorf manuscripts of the Apagae of the Monastery of the Holy Cross at the University Library in the University of Leipzig, Germany, etc.).

The invasion of Poland by German troops in 1939 made Peradze's position precarious. For him being in solidarity with Jews in peril went without saying; and he helped wherever he could. Nor did he hesitate to visit the imprisoned Polish Metropolitan Dionysios. These activities were viewed with growing suspicion by the Nazi occupiers and Peradze's fruitful ecclesiastic and scientific activities were brought to an end in 1942 when, on May 4, he was arrested by the German Gestapo. [ [ Lukas Vischer: A Georgian Saint: Grigol Peradze (1899-1942)] ] On December 6, 1942, Grigol Peradze was killed in the Nazi concentration camp of Auschwitz (Oświęcim) when he entered a gas-chamber instead of a Jewish prisoner who had a large family.

Main fields of scientific activity of Grigol Peradze were: the history of the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church, source studies of the history of Georgia and the Georgian Church, Patrology, history of Georgian literature, Rustvelology (Shota Rustaveli was a great Georgian poet of the 12th century), etc.

Grigol Peradze was canonized by the Georgian Orthodox and Apostolic Church in 1995. The Feast Day for St. Priest Martyr Grigol is December 6.

Some main scientific works of Grigol Peradze

* Die Anfänge des Mönchtums in Georgien.- "Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte", 47, Heft 1, Stuttgart, 1928, pp. 34-75 (in German)
* L'activité littéraire des moines géorgiens au monastère d'Iviron au mont Athos.- "Revue d'histoire ecclésiastique", 27, Fasc. 3, Paris, 1927, pp. 530-539 (in French)
* Über das georgische Mönchtum.- "Internationale Kirchliche Zeitschrift", 34, Heft 3, Bern, 1926, pp. 152-168 (in German)
* Die Probleme der ältesten Kirchengeschichte Georgiens.- "Oriens Christianus", 29, Bd. 7, Wiesbaden, 1932, pp. 153-171 (in German)
* Zur vorbyzantinischen Liturgie Georgiens.- "Le Museon", 42, Fasc. 2, Louvain, 1929, pp. 90-99 (in German)
* Les Monuments liturgiques prébyzantins en langue géorgienne.- "Le Museon", 45, Fasc. 4, Louvain, 1932, pp. 255-272 (in French)
* The Liturgy of Saint Peter.- "Kyrios", 2, Fasc. 3, 1937, pp. 260-262
* An Account of the Georgian Monks and Monasteries in Palestine as revealed in the Writings of Nongeorgian Pilgrims.- "Georgica", 2, Vol. 4-5, London, 1937, pp. 181-246
* Über die Georgischen Handschriften in Österreich.- "Wiener Zeitschrift für die Kunde des Morgenlandes", 47, Heft 3-4, Wien, 1940, pp. 219-232 (in German)
* Im Dienste der Georgischen Kultur.- "Aus der Welt des Ostens", Königsberg, 1940, pp. 30-50 (in German)

Notes and references

Literature about Grigol Peradze

* Victor Nozadze. "Grigol Peradze".- Georgian journal "Mamuli", Buenos-Aires, No 5, 1952
* Tamar Dularidze. About the life and death of Grigol Peradze.- "Russkaia Misl", New York, 13-19.VII, 1995 (In Russian)
* "Artanuji" (The Georgian historical scientific journal), Tbilisi, No 11, 2003 (Special issue: Grigol Peradze), 120 pp (In Georgian)
* David Kolbaia (editor) "St. Grigol (Peradze) works nr 1, in: Pro Georgia Journal of Kartvelological Studies nr 13, 200.

External links

* [ Lukas Vischer: A Georgian Saint: Grigol Peradze (1899-1942)]
* [ Świadkowie XX wieku - Grzegorz Peradze (in Polish)]
* [ Sviaschennomuchenik Arkhimandrit Grigorii (Peradze) (in Russian)]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Grigol Peradse — (auch Gregor Peradse georgisch გრიგოლ ფერაძე; * 13. September 1899 in Bakurtsiche, Kachetien, Georgien; † 6. Dezember 1942 im KZ Auschwitz Birkenau) war ein georgischer Theologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Peradse — Grigol Peradse (auch Gregor Peradse georgisch გრიგოლ ფერაძე; * 13. September 1899 in Bakurtsiche, Georgien; † 6. Dezember 1942 im KZ Auschwitz Birkenau) war ein georgischer Theologe und Orientalist. Im deutsch besetzten Polen kooperierte er mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of Georgians (country) — The following is a partial list of prominent people from the Republic of Georgia, arranged chronologically within categories.Historical figuresLeaders politicians * David the Builder (1073 1125), King of Georgia in 1089 1125 * Mikhail Saakashvili …   Wikipedia

  • Tbilisi State University — Infobox University name = Tbilisi State University native name = თბილისის სახელმწიფო უნივერსიტეტი latin name = motto = established = 1918 type = Public endowment = staff = faculty = 5000 president = provost = principal = rector = Prof. Giorgi… …   Wikipedia

  • Georgians — Infobox Ethnic group group = Georgians ქართველები Kartvelebi image caption = Top row (left to right) Peter the Iberian • Vakhtang I of Iberia • David the Builder • Queen Tamar of Georgia • Shota Rustaveli • Erekle II • Middle row Ilia… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Eastern Orthodox Christians — This is primarily a list of notable people who contributed to the history of Eastern Orthodox Christianity s theology or culture. However it is also for people whose Eastern Orthodox identity is an important part of their notability. As there are …   Wikipedia

  • List of educators — This is a list of educators. See also: Education, List of education topics.: External link: [ daniel/WikiSense/CategoryTree.php? wikilang=en m=a art=on userlang=en cat=Educators Educators category… …   Wikipedia

  • Georgian emigration in Poland — The documented ties between Georgia and Poland reach back to the XV century, when the Georgian (Kartlian) King Konstantin sent a diplomatic mission to the Polish King Alexander Jagellon. Later, Polish King Jan III Sobiesky tried to establish… …   Wikipedia

  • University of Warsaw — Infobox University name =University of Warsaw native name =Uniwersytet Warszawski latin name =Universitas Varsoviensis caption =Warsaw University gate on Krakowskie Przedmieście motto = established =November 19, 1816 type =Public endowment = PLN… …   Wikipedia

  • Eglise orthodoxe de Sainte-Nino — Éparchie de Sainte Nino Eglise orthododoxe de Sainte Nino (წმიდა ნინოს ეკლესია) Fondateur(s) comité comprenant ilamaz dadechkelini,joseph kemoularia et levan zourabichvili indépendence=1921, reconnue en 1929 Autocéphalie/Autonomie déclarée… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.