Lelystad


Lelystad

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Lelystad





map_caption = The municipality is highlighted in green, the city is located at the middle of the northwestern border.
mapsize = 280px
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = Netherlands
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Flevoland
area_footnotes = (2006)
area_total_km2 = 765.39
area_land_km2 = 234.13
area_water_km2 = 531.26
population_as_of = 1 January, 2008
population_note = Source: CBS, [http://statline.cbs.nl/ Statline] .
settlement_type = Municipality
population_total = 73,116
population_density_km2 = 308
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 52
latm = 31
latNS = N
longd = 5
longm = 29
longEW = E

Lelystad (Pronunciation|Nl-Lelystad.ogg) is a municipality and a city in the centre of the Netherlands, and it is the capital of the province of Flevoland. The city, built on reclaimed land, was founded in 1967 and was named after Cornelis Lely, who engineered the Afsluitdijk, making the reclaiming possible. Lelystad is approximately 5 meters (16 ft) below sealevel.

Landscape

Lelystad is area-wise the largest municipality in the Netherlands. A big part of that area is water: Markermeer and IJsselmeer. Another major area is the internationally famous nature park Oostvaardersplassen, which spontaneously grew when the polder of "South Flevoland" was drained. Lelystad is also surrounded by a square of woodlands and parks and flat farmland. The location of the city makes weather and skies especially beautiful. The importance of the landscape and sky is emphasized by several pieces of land art: engineers' work and arts like the "Observatorium" by Robert Morris (see below).

Tourism

Lelystad has several tourist attractions like:
* The replica of the 17th-century ship "Batavia" at the [http://www.bataviawerf.nl/en/index.html Batavia Shipyard] .
* [http://www.bataviastad.nl Batavia Stad outlet shopping] center ( [http://www.bataviastadphase2.nl Batavia Stad Outlet expansion to the waterfront] ).
* [http://www.hanzestad.com/ Hanzestad Compagnie] a fleet of historical sailingships
* [http://www.pbase.com/gorpie/natuurpark_lelystad Nature Park Lelystad]
* [http://www.aviodrome.nl/english/ National Aviation Theme Park Aviodrome]

Lelystad has many one-day events like the [http://www.airshowlelystad.nl/ Airshow Lelystad] , the [http://www.waterfestival.nl/Thuishaven/ Waterfestival] , the [http://www.oldtimerdaglelystad.nl/ National oldtimerday] , [http://www.speedwaylelystad.nl/ speedwayraces] , Architecture day and several sports events. On the Midland Circuit many motor-, karting- and stock car racing events and several autoclub meetings are held. At the coast there are several marinas.

Transportation

Lelystad has a good infrastructure. Lelystad can be reached by air, water, and land.
* air: Lelystad [http://www.lelystad-airport.nl/home.htm business airport] is a small satellite of the national airport Schiphol.
* water: Lelystad has its own inland port, several marinas and canals that also help to manage the waterlevels in the polder. One of these lakes is called Zuigerplas, which means "Sucker-lake": it is so named because it is in a hollow that was made by a suction dredger taking sand from the wrong place; near it is a wood called Zuigerplasbos.
* rail: Station Lelystad Centrum connects the city with Almere and Amsterdam. The Hanzelijn is an extension of this line towards Dronten. Kampen and Zwolle. There is possibility for a second station in Lelystad - Lelystad Zuid.
* motorway: at the eastern side of Lelystad runs the A6 motorway from Amsterdam to the North. Through Lelystad the west-to-east N302 runs from Hoorn to Kootwijk.

Shield & flag

. The sealions reflect the history of the land.

In the flag, again the Fleur-de-lis (lily) takes a central point, referring to the name Lely. The yellow (golden) background reflect the precious land, and the blue lines the dikes and waterways.

History

Lelystad is built on the seabottom of the former Zuiderzee. About 6500 years ago this wetland was above the high tide level and inhabited; the Netherlands have steadily subsided since. Nearby Lelystad at Swifterbant, the oldest human skeletons in Western Europe were discovered. Due to rising water levels and storms, the peatlands were washed away, and the Lacus Flevo (Roman times) grew to be the Almere (Middle Ages) and became the Zuiderzee. The Zuiderzee (Southern Sea) was the main transport route from Amsterdam to the North Sea and the Hanseatic League cities. Thanks to the many shipwrecks in Flevoland, Lelystad now houses the National Centre for Maritime History, with a museum and the shipyard that has built the Batavia replica.

After World War II the Zuiderzee Works continued by making the polder of Eastern Flevoland. In 1950 work commenced on several construction islands in the middle of the IJsselmeer. "Lelystad-Haven" was the largest island, and its wooden barracks housed a community of dike-builders. In 1955 they reached the mainland, which made it possible to drive to Lelystad by car. One of the three Pumping stations, which drained the polder in June 1957 was the diesel powered "Wortman" in Lelystad-Haven. Until 1967 the only inhabitants of Lelystad were technical engineers and workmen and superintendents, living on the former construction-island.

For more information on Lelystad's history, you can visit the [http://www.nieuwlanderfgoedcentrum.nl/ Nieuw Land Heritage Centre] .

Future

As mentioned above, the Hanzelijn project is a planned railway line from Lelystad to Dronten, Kampen and Zwolle.

The Zuiderzeelijn is a railway study-project which could connect Lelystad with Emmeloord, Heerenveen and Groningen. In one variation the Zuiderzeelijn would be a magnetic levitation train line providing a faster connection between Amsterdam and Groningen. Another, more realistic variation would be a 'normal', electrified train track allowing speeds up to 200 km/h.

Other plans for the near future include the development of the coastal area (Lelystad borders both the Markermeer and the IJsselmeer) for touristic and commercial purposes.

Born in Lelystad

* Thijs van Valkengoed (*1983), Dutch breaststroke swimmer

External links

*Photopages:
** [http://www.pbase.com/gorpie/ovdijk views] from the dikes,
** [http://www.pbase.com/gorpie/landscapes landscape]
** [http://www.pbase.com/gorpie/houtrib Houtribsluizen]
** [http://www.sunsation-festival.nl/festival/morris.php Robert Morris] 's [http://www.kunstkust.nl/dirk/default.asp?page=kunstwerk&cat=15 Observatorium]
* [http://www.plattegronden.nl/lelystad/index.html Detailed Cito-plan map]
* [http://www.shipmate.nl/f/p/gemeente/lelysta.gifCity Flag]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=52.519112,5.475655&spn=0.109589,0.155414&t=k&hl=en Satellite view, Google maps]


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