Butrus al-Bustani


Butrus al-Bustani

Butrus al-Bustani (بطرس البستاني) (1883-1819) was a notable Arabic writer and scholar from present day Lebanon.

Life

Al-Boustani was born to a Maronite Christian family in the village of Dibbiye in the Chouf region, in January 1819. He received primary education in the village school, where he attracted the attention of his teacher, Father Mikhail al-Boustani, because of his keen intelligence that he showed brilliantly. The latter recommended him to the Bishop of Sidon and Beiteddine, Abdullah al-Boustani, who sent him at the age of 11 to the school at ‘Ayn Warqa, the most famous school of that period, to continue his studies there. At 'Ayn Waraqa he learned Syriac and Latin.

He spent ten years there and learned several foreign languages including French, Italian and English.

While working to translate the Bible, Al-Bustani learned Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek, and perfected Syriac and Latin.

In Beirut he came into contact with the American Protestant missionaries with whom he worked closely until his death on May 1, 1883.

Achievements

In the social, national and political spheres, he founded associations with a view to forming a national élite and launched a series of appeals for unity in his magazine Nafir Suriya.ref|Elite

In the educational field, he taught in the schools of the Protestant missionaries at ‘Ubey before founding his own National School in 1863 on secular principles. At the same time, he compiled and published several school textbooks and dictionaries to become known famously as the Master and Father of the Arabic Renaissance.ref|Elite

In the cultural/scientific fields, he published a fortnightly review, two daily newspapers and an encyclopedia Al-Muhit al Muhit (The ocean of oceans), the first Arabic encyclopedia. In addition to these activities, he began work, together with Drs Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck of the American Mission, on a translation of the Bible into Arabic known as the Smith-Van Dyke translation.ref|Translation

He is best known for creating the first modern Arabic encyclopedia, Muhit al Muhit (The ocean of oceans), and founding the National School in Beirut.

His prolific output and groundbreaking work led the creation of modern Arabic expository prose. While educated by westerners and a strong advocate of western technology, he was a fierce nationalist, playing a decisive role in formulating the principles of Arab nationalism.

Works on Education

*'Discourse on Education Given at the National School.' In: "Al-Jinan" (Beirut), no. 3, 1870.
*'The National School.' In: "Al-Jinan" (Beirut), no. 18, 1873.
*'Discourse on Science among the Arabs', Beirut, 15 February 1859.
*'Discourse on the Education of Women', given in 1849 at the meeting of members of the Syrian Association and published in the "Actes de l'Association syrienne", Beirut, 1852.
*'Discourse on Social Life', Beirut, 1869.
*Boutros al-Boustani. "Textes choises". With a commentary by Fouad Ephrem al-Boustani. Beirut, Publications de l'Institut des Lettres Orientales, 1950. (Collection Al Rawai')
*The writings and speeches of Boutros el-Boustani, either in published or manuscript form, are preserved in the 'Yafeth' Library at the American University of Beirut and available to readers and researchers.

References

# [http://wwwlb.aub.edu.lb/~webjafet/about/librariesmaps/beginning.htm Notes from the website of the American University of Beirut]
# [http://www.ibe.unesco.org/publications/ThinkersPdf/boustane.pdf Prospects: the quarterly review of comparative education(Paris, UNESCO: International Bureau of Education), vol. XXIII, no. 1/2, 1993, p. 125-133.]
# [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9018296/Butrus-al-Bustani#176488.hook Britannica article]


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  • Butrus al-Bustani — (arabisch ‏بطرس البستاني‎, DMG Buṭrus al Bustānī; * Januar 1819 in dem Dorf Dibbiyeh bei Beirut; † 1. Mai 1883) war ein libanesischer Schriftsteller, Dozent, Herausgeber und Philologe. Er entstammte einer maronitischen Familie im Dorf ad… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Butrus Al-Bustani — (* 1819; † 1. Mai 1883) war ein libanesischer Schriftsteller, Dozent, Herausgeber und Philologe. Er entstammte einer maronitischen Familie im Dorf ad Dibbiya bei al Kharrub (Libanon). Er besuchte zunächst die Klerikerschule in Ain Warqa, trat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Butrus Al- Bustani — (* 1819; † 1. Mai 1883) war ein libanesischer Schriftsteller, Dozent, Herausgeber und Philologe. Er entstammte einer maronitischen Familie im Dorf ad Dibbiya bei al Kharrub (Libanon). Er besuchte zunächst die Klerikerschule in Ain Warqa, trat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bustani — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Butrus al Bustani (1819–1883), libanesischer Schriftsteller und Philologe Omar Bustani (* 1966), mexikanischer Bogenschütze Wadi al Bustani (1886–1954), libanesischer Dichter Die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bustani — Bustani,   maronitisch libanesische Familie:    1) Butrus al Bustani, libanesischer Schriftsteller und Lexikograph, * Ad Dubbija 1819, ✝ Beirut 1. 5. 1883; arbeitete mit amerikanischen Missionaren zusammen und gründete mit ihnen die Schule von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bustānī, Buṭrus al- — ▪ Lebanese scholar born , 1819, ad Dubbīyah died May 1, 1883, Beirut       scholar whose works, notably an Arabic dictionary and the first six volumes of an Arabic encyclopaedia, played a significant role in revitalizing the Arabic culture of his …   Universalium

  • encyclopaedia — Reference work that contains information on all branches of knowledge or that treats a particular branch of knowledge comprehensively. It is self contained and explains subjects in greater detail than a dictionary. It differs from an almanac in… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Bus — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libanesische Literatur — Die Libanisische Literatur gehört zu den lebendigsten arabischen Literaturen. Bereits im 19. Jahrhundert waren libanesische Schriftsteller die führenden Schriftsteller arabischer Sprache. Bis heute ist der Libanon ein wichtiges Zentrum arabischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Libanesische Schriftsteller — A Elia Abu Madi Ali Ahmad Said Raschid al Daif Rabih Alameddine Amin al Rihani Hanan al Shaykh Akl Awit B Hoda Barakat Butrus al Bustani Wadi al Bustani C Nahla Chahal Andrée Chedid Louis Cheikhô Michel Chiha Georges Corm …   Deutsch Wikipedia