Land use planning

Land use planning

Land use planning is the term used for a branch of public policy which encompasses various disciplines which seek to order and regulate the use of land in an efficient and ethical way.

Despite confusing nomenclature, the essential function of land use planning remains the same whatever term is applied. The Canadian Institute of Planners offers a definition that: " [Land use] planning means the scientific, aesthetic, and orderly disposition of land, resources, facilities and services with a view to securing the physical, economic and social efficiency, health and well-being of urban and rural communities" []


In the English speaking world, the terms "land use planning", "town and country planning", "regional planning", "town planning", "urban planning", and "urban design" are often used interchangeably, and will depend on the country in question. In Europe the preferred term is increasingly "spatial planning" or more recently "territorial cohesion" (for regional and trans-national planning).

In Australia, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand, the term "town planning" is common, although "regional planning" and "land use planning" are also used.

In the United States and Canada, the terms "urban planning" and "regional planning" are more commonly used.


At its most basic level land use planning is likely to involve zoning and transport infrastructure planning. In most developed countries, land use planning is an important part of social policy, ensuring that land is used efficiently for the benefit of the wider economy and population as well as to protect the environment.

Land use planning encompasses the following disciplines:

* Architecture
* Environmental planning
* Landscape architecture
* Regional Planning
* Spatial planning
* Sustainable Development
* Transportation Planning
* Urban design
* Urban planning
* Urban Renaissance
* Urban renewal

Architecture, urban design, urban planning, landscape architecture and urban renewal usually address the selection of physical layout, scale of development, aesthetics, costs of alternatives and selection of building materials and impact upon landscape and species.

Environmental planning, will often address the implications of development and plans upon the environment, for example Strategic Environmental Assessment. At the very local level environmental planning may imply the use of tools to forecast impacts of development decisions, including roadway noise, and pollution, surface runoff and flooding assessments.

Because of the many disciplines and knowledge domains involved, land use planners are increasingly making use of Information Technology, such as Geographic Information Systems, and Spatial Decision Support Systems, to assist with analysis and decision-making.


* Soil Surveys provide extensive land use planning information such as limitations for dwellings with and without basements, shallow excavations, small commercial buildings, and septic tank adsorptions. These can be obtained most easily with the [ Web Soil Survey] . With the Use of a GIS, they can be viewed with the [ Soil Data Viewer]

ee also

*Context theory
*Eminent domain
*Environmental impact assessment
*Geographic information system
*Land Allocation Decision Support System
*Marine Spatial Planning
*Principles of Intelligent Urbanism
*Regulatory taking
*Spatial Decision Support Systems
*Transit-oriented development
*Online Land Planning

Further reading

Academic Journals

* [ Journal of the American Planning Association]
* [ Australian Planner]
* [ Environment and Planning]
* [ Journal of Land Use Science]
* [ Land Use Policy]
* [ Journal of Land Use & Environmental Law]
* [ Landscape and Urban Planning]
* [ Soil Use and Management]
* [ Planning Theory]
* [ Urban Policy and Research]
* [ Urban Studies]
* [ Landscape Journal]
* [ Computers, Environment, and Urban Systems]

Other Resources

* [ Land Use Planning and Conservation] Gillfillan, Abigail, "Using Geographic Information Systems to Develop and Analyze Land-Use Policies" (2008). Applied Research Projects. Texas State University. Paper 273.


External links

* [ A definition from Manchester Metropolitan University] .
* [ Schindler's Land Use Page (Michigan State University Extension Land Use Team)]
* [ Combining deliberative and computer-based methods for multi-objective land-use planning, Matthews et al.]
* [ The 'Smart Growth' network.]
* [ Land Use Regulation and Municipal Utility] by Roger J. Brown from from "Private Real Estate Investment", The Wolfram Demonstrations Project.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • land use planning — n. Collectively: zoning, real estate permitting, planning and use, and those aspects of environmental law as apply to such real estate matters. Webster s New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000 …   Law dictionary

  • land use planning — Generic term used to describe activities such as zoning, control of real estate developments and use, environmental impact studies and the like. Many states have land use planning laws which are implemented by local zoning and land use laws and… …   Black's law dictionary

  • land use planning — Generic term used to describe activities such as zoning, control of real estate developments and use, environmental impact studies and the like. Many states have land use planning laws which are implemented by local zoning and land use laws and… …   Black's law dictionary

  • land use planning — kraštotvarka statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Teritorijų planavimo priemonėmis vykdomas žmonių veiklos organizavimas ir aplinkos tvarkymas teritorijos naudojimo socialiniams, ekonominiams ir ekologiniams interesams suderinti… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Land use — is also often used to refer to the distinct land use types in Zoning. Land use is the human modification of natural environment or wilderness into built environment such as fields, pastures, and settlements. The major effect of land use on land… …   Wikipedia

  • Land use in Oregon — Map of federal land ownership in Oregon   Bureau of Indian Affairs …   Wikipedia

  • Land use forecasting — undertakes to project the distribution and intensity of trip generating activities in the urban area. In practice, land use models are demand driven, using as inputs the aggregate information on growth produced by an aggregate economic… …   Wikipedia

  • land-use control — Activities such as zoning, the regulation of the development of real estate, and city planning. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. land use control …   Law dictionary

  • land use — /lænd ˈjus/ (say land yoohs) noun the way in which land is used, especially when considering public as opposed to private use, agricultural use as opposed to conservation areas, etc.; significant in the planning of practices aimed at… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Federal Land Use Policy Act of 1976 — The Federal Land Use Policy Act of 1976 constitutes the organic act for the Bureau of Land Management and governs most uses of the federal public lands, including grazing. The Act requires the Bureau to execute its management powers under a land… …   Wikipedia

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