- Third Way (UK)
The National Liberal Party, The Third Way is a British political party that was formed on
17 March 1990. It contains several former members of the National Front (NF). Around fifty members of the party's Political Soldierwing joined Third Way at its foundation alongside others [L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan (eds.), "The Far Right in Western & Eastern Europe", Harlow: Longman, 1995. ISBN 0-582-23881-1.] The party has recently changed its name with the Electoral Commission to National Liberal Party, The Third Way.
Ideology and policies
The National Liberal Party describes itself as a Patriotic Centre and National liberal party rooted in the culture and traditions of the British islands. It advocates Direct Democracy along Swiss lines using referendums and citizens' initiatives. It supports small business and co-operative ownership. The National Liberal Party opposes over-centralised government and promotes decision making at the lowest practical level. The party argues that its policies would benefit and empower all citizens and asks for support on that basis from all sections of the national community. The organisation's website claims that "Third Way is for everyone." [cite web |url=http://www.thirdway.eu/ |title=Third Way: Voice of the Radical Centre |accessdate=2008-08-10] The group has condemned
neo-Naziideology and its supporters claim it actively recruits from all ethnic and religious communities. It stood its first Asian candidate in local elections in 2006. [http://www.thirdway.org/articles/election06.html]
Policies include de-criminalization of
prostitutionand cannabis, and reform of Britain's role in the European Union(the party began life by calling for complete withdrawal and supported Sir James Goldsmith's Referendum Partyin the 1997 General Election). They have also run "support small trader" campaigns and claim to be the heirs to the Poujadisttradition. The group also advocates a form of social creditbased on a universal citizens' income and advocates co-operative ownership and renationalisation of the railways. It often describes its political views as distributist. The party is opposed to UK military involvement in Iraq.
Some critics (including
George Monbiotin The Guardianof April 30, 2002and Andrew Gilliganin the Evening Standardof April 18, 2006), however, claim Third Way (UK) is a Far rightpolitical movement, and continue to regard the group with suspicion due to the past ties of some of its leadership with the National Front, its alleged populist cultural ethnocentrism, and its producerist rhetoric."Fact|date=February 2007.Third Way posted a detailed response to the Standard article. [http://www.thirdway.eu/2008/01/30/answers-labour-and-standard-smears] It has also been accused of holding ecofascist views."Fact|date=February 2007
In the early 1990s Third Way still described itself as "a nationalist and separatist movement ... committed to the preservation of our national and ethnic character" ["Third Way" magazine 17, n.d. (1993)] and at least as late as 1997 it was advocating voluntary repatriation of "non-Europeans" (although the Party has argued as to what the term 'European' meant in this context) to be encouraged by "generous financial incentives", which could be interpreted as similar to the current policy of the
British National Party. ["Third Way" magazine, no number, nd ( James Goldsmithcover, c1997)] . It now advocates a "selective and non-racist" immigration policy and a system of guest workersfor the UK with the opportunity for such to become citizens. It has supported those seeking political asylum. [Third Way [http://www.thirdway.org/files/manifesto05.html manifesto] , 2005] .
Third Way (UK) should not be confused with the Third Way ideology promoted by
Tony Blair, Bill Clintonand Gerhard Schröder, which it condemns as merely a revised form of social democracy. [The Third Way an Answer to Blair by Patrick Harrington (UK ISBN 0-9535077-0-X, US ISBN 0-9679707-0-9)] .
According to accounts filed with the
Electoral Commission, in 2006Third Way had 20 members and cashflow of approximately £1,400. [http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/files/dms/ThirdWay_17161-12597__E__N__S__W__.PDF] (The party's constitution distinguishes between 'Members', 'Registered Supporters' and 'Supporting Subscribers' (Third Way Constitution 2000). Third Way only gives figures for 'Members'.Fact|date=February 2007)
Third Way also operates through a number of associated limited companies and associations, most obviously Third Way Publications Ltd, whose turnover in their most recently filed company accounts (for year ending March 2004) was £687, and the dormant Third Way Movement Ltd.
In the May 2000 local council elections, a Third Way candidate polled 298 votes (21.9%) in the "Northaw ward" of
Welwyn Hatfieldin Hertfordshire.
In the 2002 local elections in the
London Borough of Havering, Third Way stood single candidates in three member constituencies. They won 1309 votes in the "Elm Park ward" (32% of voters gave Third Way one of their three votes, including 500 who only voted for Third Way), 289 (6.5%) votes were won in "Hacton ward" and 205 (4.2%) in the "St. Andrews ward". Third Way's activity in Havering is claimed to have resulted in a relatively small BNP presence in the borough when compared to neighbouring areas such as the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham, Epping Forest and Thurrock. Fact|date=February 2007
In local elections held in 2004, a Third Way candidate for the "Canvey Island East ward" of
Castle PointBorough Council in Essex polled 47 votes (2.5%). In July 2004 they received 93 votes (3.6%) in a Havering London Borough Council by-election for a vacancy in Rainham.
Fourteen Third Way candidates contested six wards in the London Borough of Havering in the
UK local elections, 2006. They polled an average of 9.1% of the vote in each ward with the best result obtained in Elm Park where they polled 27% [http://www.havering.gov.uk/index.cfm?articleid=627] This election also saw the first Asian Third Way candidate (Nakkeeran Arasaratnam in Hacton Ward).
In a by-election held on 14th of June 2007 in the St Andrew's ward of the L.B of Havering, the party's candidate David Durant polled 184 votes, 396 votes behind the BNP.
In 2004 in the single vote
London Assemblyelections Third Way received 2,031 votes (1.49%) in Havering and Redbridge. [http://www.london.gov.uk/gla/elections/haveringandredbridge.jsp] . The Third Way candidate was Dave Stephens, a local butcher and metric martyr. [http://icessex.icnetwork.co.uk/essexheadlines/stories/tm_objectid=15433010&method=full&siteid=100927&headline=metric-martyr-name_page.html]
In the 2005 General Election, Third Way fielded two candidates, Graham Williamson in Hornchurch and David Durant in Upminster, who received 304 votes (0.8%) and 74 votes (0.2%) respectively. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/html/324.stm] [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/html/595.stm] David Kerr also contested East Antrim as a candidate for the Vote For Yourself Party, gaining 147 votes (0.5%) on a platform of direct democracy.
All four leading members of the Third Way were previously in the National Front and voted to disband it in 1989:
*David Kerr, Leader [http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/files/dms/ThirdWay_17161-12597__E__N__S__W__.PDF] of the party and editor of its "Ulster Nation" magazine. Kerr has stood for election as an
Ulster Third Waycandidate in Belfast, Northern Ireland, where the group advocates the independence of Ulsterfrom both Britain and the Republic of Irelandand the creation of a non-sectarian state.
*Graham Williamson, Treasurer. Stood for Third Way in Hornchurch in the 2005 General Election, wining 0.8% of the vote. [http://www.thirdway.org/pdf_files/williamsonaddress.pdf Claims] particularly strong support in the Elm Park part of Hornchurch.
Patrick Harrington, Nominating Officer a president of Solidarity – The Union for British Workers, a trade unionwhose formation was supported by Third Way and the British National Party.
*Brent Cheetham. Parish Councillor in Northaw, Hertfordshire and editor of the "Cuffley Courier" newsletter.
Also cited on the [http://www.thirdway.org/files/admin/biogs.html biographies section] of the Third Way website are Roy Kerridge and US-based racial-separatist
rabbi Mayer Schiller.
Third Way is a part of the English Lobby, a pressure group and electoral coalition founded in 2004 that campaigns for the recognition of
St George's Dayand the creation of an English Parliament. Fact|date=February 2007
Third Way candidates contested the 2006 local council elections in Havering as part of the Peoples Alliance coalition, which also included independents and residents group candidates. The Alliance stood 45 candidates in 17 out of the 18 wards in the Borough, campaigning on a platform of no above inflation Council Tax rises, for the council to promote local community shopping centres and opposition to housing over-development. The Alliance polled an average of 10.6% of the vote in the wards contested. Three of its candidates were elected as Rainham Residents Association councillors in Rainham & Wennington ward.
Third Way members assisted in the foundation of and hold key positions in the
Solidarity – The Union for British Workers.
It is in no way related to the Christian
Third Way Magazine, which predates it by several years.
*Patrick Harrington (editor), "'Third Way General Election Manifesto  " (Third Way,
2005) (ISBN 0-9544788-4-3)
*Patrick Harrington and Cliff Morrison, "'Third Way Manifesto 2001" (Third Way,
2001) (ISBN 0-9535077-9-3)
*Patrick Harrington "The Third Way Manifesto 1997"
*Patrick Harrington, "The Third Way - An Answer to Blair" (Third Way,
1999) (ISBN 0-9535077-0-X)
The Third Way have operated, or are closely associated with, various publications and websites. They include:
*"Ulster Nation" magazine and [http://www.ulsternation.org.uk website]
*"Counter-Culture" magazine and [http://www.altculture.org/ccult/ccult1.html website]
*"Mother Earth" magazine and [http://www.altculture.org/motherearth/index.html website]
*"Liverpool Newsletter", a distributist publication formerly edited by Anthony Cooney and now published by Third Way [http://www.thirdway.org/files/admin/allist.html]
* [http://www.nationalliberal.org/ National Liberal Party]
* [http://www.thirdway.eu Third Way website]
* [http://www.altculture.org Altculture/Counter Culture website]
* [http://www.solidaritytradeunion.net Solidarity Union website]
* [http://www.redpepper.org.uk/cularch/xdkgreen.html Darker shades of green - Criticism of 'ecofascism']
* [http://www.altculture.org/motherearth/minority.html Answer to Darker shades of Green from Mother Earth]
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