Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois)

Infobox Dogbreed

image_caption = Belgian Malinois, one of four kinds of Belgian Shepherd Dogs.
name = Belgian Shepherd Dog_Malinois
altname = Belgian Malinois
Chien de Berger Belge
Mechelse Herder ("Mechelse Scheper")
Pastor Belga Malinois
country = Belgium
fcigroup = 1
fcisection = 1
fcistd =
fcinum = 015
akcgroup = Herding
akcstd =
ankcgroup = Group 5 (Working Dogs)
ankcstd =
ckcgroup = Group 7 - Herding
ckcstd =
kcukgroup = Pastoral
kcukstd =
nzkcgroup = Working
nzkcstd =
ukcgroup = Herding Dog
ukcstd =

The Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois) (pronEng|ˈmælɪnwɑː) is a breed of dog, sometimes classified as a variety of the Belgian Shepherd Dog rather than as a separate breed. The Malinois is recognized in the United States under the name Belgian Malinois. Its name is the French word for Mechlinian, which is in Dutch either 'Mechelse' (from Mechelen) or 'Mechelaar' (one from Mechelen).


Like all Belgian Shepherds, the Malinois is a medium-sized, hard-working, square-proportioned dog in the sheepdog family. The Malinois is recognized by its short brownish yellow coat and its black ears that stick straight up, cheeks, and muzzle. It very much resembles a smaller German Shepherd.

Coat and color

Due to their history as a working dog (i.e. being bred for function over form) Malinois can vary greatly in appearance. The acceptable colors of pure-bred Malinois are a base color of grey to fawn to mahogany with a black mask and ears, and with some degree of black tipping on the hairs, giving an overlay appearance. The color tends to be lighter with less black agouti or overlay on the dog's underside, breeching, and inside the legs.

The other varieties of Belgian Shepherd are distinguished by their coat & color: the Tervuren is the same color as the Malinois with long hair, the Laekenois is the same color, only it may lack the black mask & ears, and has wirehair, the Groenendael (registered as Belgian Sheepdog by the American Kennel Club) has long hair and is solid black. There are (occasionally and historically) solid black, black-and-tan (as in a Doberman or as in a German Shepherd Dog), or other colored short-haired Belgian Shepherds, but these are not technically Malinois.If a dog represented as a Malinios is brindle (clear stripes of different colored hair) it is probably a Dutch Shepherd Dog or a mixed breed, although the possibility exists that it is a "throwback" to a common continental shepherd ancestor.


Male Malinois are about 24-26 in. (61-66 cm), while females are about 22-24 in. (56-61 cm) at the withers. Female Malinois are said to average 25-30 kg (55-65 lb), while males are heavier at 29-34 kg (65-75 lb). Malinois can range from stocky to slender, but are always squarely built.

Working Dog

In Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands and other European countries, as well as in the United States, the Malinois is bred primarily as a working dog for personal protection, detection, police work, search and rescue, and sport work (Belgian Ring, Schutzhund, French Ring, Mondio Ring). The United States Secret Service exclusively uses the breed. [] [] [,M1]

The dog is also used extensively by Unit Oketz of the Israel Defense Forces. Oketz favors the more slight build of the Malinois to the German Shepherd and Rottweiler, which were employed formerly.


The lifespan of the Belgian Malinois is 10-14 years, and there are a number of health problems and disorders that are associated with the breed. This includes cataracts, epilepsy, thyroid problems, PRA, HD, and pannus.

Books about the Breed

* Belgian Malinois (Comprehensive Owner's Guide) (Comprehensive Owner's Guide Kennel Club), written by Robert Pollet, published by Kennel Club Books; Limited edition (November 30, 2005), 160 pages, ISBN-10: 1593786506
* The Malinois (Paperback), written by Jan Kaldenbach, published by Detselig Enterprises; 1st edition (June 15, 1997), 94 pages, ISBN-10: 1550591517
* Belgian Malinois Champions, 1996-2002, written by Jan Linzy, published by Camino E E & Book Co. (October 2003), 121 pages, ISBN-10: 1558931260

ee also

*Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael)
*Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois)
*Belgian Shepherd Dog (Tervuren)

External links

* [ American Working Malinois]
* [ Belgian Shepherd Dog Club of Canada]
* [ American Belgian Malinois Club]
* [ World Federation of Belgian Shepherd Dogs]
* [ Dutch Association for Belgian Shepherds Dogs]
* [ ABMC Belgian Malinois Rescue]
* [ Russian Professional Kennel Club "Ot Solnika" Belgian Sheep Dog]

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois) — Infobox Dogbreed image caption = name = Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laekenois) altname = Belgian Laekenois Belgian Shepherd Dog (Laeken) Chien de Berger Belge country = Belgium akcgroup = Foundation Stock Service (FSS) akcstd =… …   Wikipedia

  • Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael) — Infobox Dogbreed image caption = A male Groenendael name = Belgian Shepherd Dog (Groenendael) altname = Belgian Sheepdog Chien de Berger Belge country = Belgium fcistd = 015.htm fcigroup = 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Belgian Shepherd Dog — (also know as the Belgian Sheepdog or Chien de Berger Belge) can refer to any of four varieties of dog: the Groenendael, the Laekenois, the Tervuren, or the Malinois. In some regions, these are considered four different varieties of a single… …   Wikipedia

  • Belgian Shepherd Tervuren — Infobox Dogbreed image caption = A Tervuren name = Belgian Shepherd Tervuren altname = Belgian Tervuren Chien de Berger Belge country = Belgium fcistd = 015.htm fcinum = 015 fcigroup = 1 fcisection =… …   Wikipedia

  • Belgian shepherd — noun hardy working dog developed in Belgium for herding sheep • Syn: ↑Belgian sheepdog • Hypernyms: ↑shepherd dog, ↑sheepdog, ↑sheep dog • Hyponyms: ↑groenendael, ↑malinois …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dutch Shepherd Dog — A short coated gold brindle Dutch Shepherd Dog Other names Hollandse Herder Dutch Shepherd Holland Shepherd Country of origin Netherlands Traits …   Wikipedia

  • German Shepherd Dog — Other names Alsatian Berger Allemand Deutscher Schäferhund GSD Schäferhund Country of origin Germany Traits …   Wikipedia

  • Anatolian Shepherd Dog — An Anatolian in France Other names Karabaş (Blackhead), Anatolian Blackhead (Anadolulu Karabaş), Shepherd dog (Çoban Köpeği) Country of origin Turkey Traits …   Wikipedia

  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog — Other names Kavkazskaïa Ovtcharka, Circassian sheep dog, Caucasian Ovcharka, Armenian Khobun, Georgia Nagazi, Sage Ghafghazi, Kars Çoban Köpeği კავკასიური ნაგაზი Kavkasiuri nagazi Caucasian Ovcharka Caucasian Mountain Dog Kars Çoban Köpeği… …   Wikipedia

  • Central Asian Shepherd Dog — Other names Rus. Среднеазиатская овчарка (Sredneaziatskaya Ovtcharka) Nicknames Central Asian Ovtcharka CAO Aziat Country of origin Russia[1] …   Wikipedia

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