- CBC Radio 2
slogan = "Canada's National Music Network", "Everywhere Music Takes You"
network_name = CBC Radio 2
country = Canada
available = National, through regional stations
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
airdate = 1946|launch_date = 1960 (own programming)
past_names = CBC Radio / CBC FM (1960-1975)
CBC Stereo (1975-1997)
website = [http://www.cbc.ca/radio2/ CBC Radio 2]
CBC Radio 2 is a Canadian
FM radionetwork operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Previously concentrating on classical musicand jazz, during 2007 and 2008 the network transitioned towards a new "adult music" format with a variety of genres, with the previously-dominant classical genre generally restricted to midday hours on weekdays.
The CBC's FM network was launched in 1946, but was strictly a simulcast of the
AM radionetwork until 1960. In that year, distinct programming on the FM network was launched for the first time. That was briefly discontinued in 1962, but resumed again in 1964.
November 3, 1975, the FM network was renamed CBC Stereo, to distinguish it from the AM network, known as "CBC Radio". However, in the 1990s many of the old AM stations moved to FM as well, so in 1997 the CBC rebranded the networks as the current CBC Radio Oneand CBC Radio Two.
For much of its history, its programming focus was on arts and culture, primarily consisting of programs devoted to
opera, classical music and jazz. Some programming devoted to Canadian pop and indie rockmusic was also aired, via the Saturday night CBC Radio 3simulcast and predecessors such as " RadioSonic", as well as the late-night programme " Brave New Waves".
In 2006, speculation arose that CBC Radio Two programming would undergo a format and branding change, similar to that which its French counterpart
Espace musiqueundertook in 2004, although no specific plans were announced until January 2007. [CBC Arts, " [http://www.cbc.ca/arts/media/story/2007/01/17/cbc-radio-changes.html CBC Radio to broaden Radio Two, add arts magazine] ", January 17, 2007.] These changes, which took effect March 19, resulted in a tighter focus on music — still primarily classical but also including jazz, world music, and live music of all types. The length and frequency of newscasts, which previously essentially duplicated those heard on Radio One, was reduced dramatically. Finally, the 2007 revamp resulted in a subtle name change from Radio "Two" to Radio "2".
In March 2008, CBC announced plans to complete the "transformation" of Radio 2, significantly altering its daytime programming lineup. [ [http://www.cbc.ca/arts/media/story/2008/03/04/radio-two.html CBC Radio Two to revamp daytime programming] , CBC news article] These plans resulted in a the "New Radio 2", starting September 2, 2008. In essence, the previous morning and afternoon drive programs, which focused almost exclusively on classical music, were replaced with new shows featuring a wider range of genres.
The goal, according to the CBC, is to increase exposure of musicians and genres, other than classical and jazz, which previously received little airtime on private radio; more specifically, the CBC says the music played would not be
pop musicFact|date=September 2008. Critics have challenged these claims; they moreover note that classical music programming would be reduced from 12 hours per day to only five hours during day time working office hours, and that only "popular and accessible" classical music will be playedFact|date=September 2008.
Concomitantly, four web radio streams including an all-classical stream as well as jazz, singer-songwriter, and "Canadian composer" streams were introduced.
There has been a vocal, negative response to these changes from a variety of sources connected with the classical community, ranging from Facebook to blogs [ [http://collaborativepiano.blogspot.com/2008/03/more-bloggers-sound-off-on-cbc-radio-2.html The Collaborative Piano Blog: More Bloggers' Views on the CBC Radio 2 Redesign ] ] to newspaper columnists. [cite news |first=Brent |last=Ledger |title=CBC Radio's classic mistake |url=http://www.thestar.com/living/article/412573 |work=Toronto Star|date=2008-04-13 |accessdate=2008-04-13 ] [ [http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/LAC.20080313.RUSSELL13/TPStory/?query=russell+smith globeandmail.com ] ] [ [http://www.friends.ca/News/Friends_News/archives/articles03130801.asp March 13, 2008 - No classical? Then kill Radio 2 and get it over with by Russell Smith ] ] National protests were also held at CBC facilities across the country. However, the move also drew support from other corners of the cultural community, noting in many cases the low ratings of the existing service. Among the supporters were several critically-acclaimed artists who would benefit from the changes. [ [http://www.thestar.com/comment/columnists/article/407096 A CBC without an orchestra can be sound step for Radio 2] , John Terauds, "
Toronto Star", March 29, 2008] [ [http://ago.mobile.globeandmail.com/generated/archive/RTGAM/html/20080407/wdoyle07.html Note to classical music fans: Get over yourselves] , John Doyle, " The Globe and Mail", April 7, 2008] [ [http://www.insidethecbc.com/this-weekends-globe-and-mail-ad-about-cbc-radio-2 CBC ad] published in " The Globe and Mail", March 29, 2008 (via InsideTheCBC.com)]
May 2, 2008, the president of the CBC and the director of programming attended a meeting of the Parliamentary Standing Committee for Canadian Heritage. There appeared to be opposition to the movement away from classical music on Radio 2 from MPs of all three main parties represented on the committee. Committee members Bill Siksayand Ed Fastwere particularly opposed to the programming changes. In fact, the committee voted unanimously to hold further hearings specifically on the CBC Radio 2 changes in September of 2008.
June 10, the CBC announced that hosts associated with the new programming would include Julie Nesrallah, Molly Johnsonand Rich Terfry.
Radio 2 is not as widely available across Canada as Radio One. While Radio One is available in most communities across Canada regardless of size, Radio 2 for the most part is available only in larger cities. Radio 2 also has a more consistent national schedule than Radio One, with only limited regional programming, such as weather updates. In the past these stations would also air local news summaries or a daily calendar of local arts and culture events; this was dropped in 2007. (There is an exception in Atlantic Canada, discussed below.)
In some smaller communities, especially in rural northern
British Columbia, community groups have been licensed to rebroadcast a CBC Radio 2 station on a local low-power radio transmitter. These transmitters are owned by the community group rather than the network, and do not originate any programming at all.
On satellite, Radio 2's programming can also be heard on
Bell TVand Star Choice. Unlike Radio One and Radio 3, Radio 2 is not carried by Sirius Satellite Radio; the CRTC requires that a "Canadian" channel (for the purposes of Sirius Canada) must carry 85% Canadian musical content, a requirement that has not been imposed on (or met by) the terrestrial network. Even so, a handful of Radio 2 programs that do meet this criteria, such as "Deep Roots", are aired on Radio One's Sirius feed (channel 137).
Although most programming on CBC Radio 2 is exclusive to the network, some programming is shared with other CBC networks. Some specialty programs, including "
The Vinyl Cafe" and the Sunday night edition of "Tonic", are also aired on CBC Radio One in different time slots.
During the 2005
Canadian Media Guildlockout, the normal schedule was temporarily replaced by continuous music from Galaxie, except for short news updates at the top of each hour from 6 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time.
Until 2007, Radio 2 simulcasted the majority of newscasts on Radio One, including all major newscasts such as "
The World at Six" or "World Report" - resulting in several lengthy breaks from music throughout the day. This ended in March 2007, when Radio 2 began to carry a separate news service, with news updates of 90 seconds in length a handful of times each day. The length was soon changed to 4.5 minutes, the usual length of the CBC's non-major newscasts, with the frequency increased slightly.
CBC Radio 2 schedule
Music and Company" with Tom Allen - classical music; weekday mornings
Here's to You" with Catherine Belyea (previously Shelley Solmes) - by-request classical music; weekday mid-mornings
**Based on the earlier program "Take Five", hosted by Solmes and earlier by
Studio Sparks" with Eric Friesen - classical, with some jazz and world music; early weekday afternoons
DiscDrive" with Jurgen Gothe - classical, with some jazz and bluegrass; weekday afternoon drive
In Performance" with Andrew Craig (previously Eric Friesen) - live-to-tape classical performances; weeknights
*"After Hours" with Andy Sheppard (previously Ross Porter) - jazz; weeknights
Brave New Waves" with Patti Schmidt - alternative music; late night
CBC Radio 3programming (various names) - Saturday nights
*"Northern Lights" with
Andrea Ratuski(and predecessor "That Time of the Night") - soft classical music; early morning (also aired late evenings on Radio One)
Espace musique"(the CBC's French languageequivalent to CBC Radio 2)"
* [http://radio2.cbc.ca/ Official website]
* [http://www.cbc.ca/livemedia/cbcr2-toronto.m3u Vorbis Radio Stream]
* [http://origin.www.cbc.ca/mrl2/livemedia/cbcr2-toronto.asx Windows Media Stream]
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