Iberian refers to Iberia, which has two basic meanings, that, disused, of Caucasian Iberia (corresponding roughly to modern-day Georgia) and Theme of Iberia (an eastern province of the Byzantine Empire), and that, in modern use, of someone or something originating in the Iberian Peninsula, namely from Portugal and Spain. It may refer to:

Ancient history

Iberian Peninsula

*South-Western Iberian Bronze, Bronze Age culture of southern Portugal and nearby areas of Spain
*Iberians, one of the ancient Pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula (should not be confused with the Celtiberians)
**Iberian language, the language of the ancient Iberians
**Iberian scripts, the writing scripts of the ancient Iberians
***Northeastern Iberian script
***Southeastern Iberian script
***Greco-Iberian alphabet

Caucasian Iberia

*Caucasian Iberians, Greco-Roman designation for Georgians
*Iberian War, fought from 526 to 532 CE between the Eastern Roman Empire and Sassanid Empire over the eastern Georgian kingdom of Iberia


*Anthim the Iberian, 1650—1716, Eastern Orthodox theologian and philosopher in Romania, from Georgia
*John the Iberian, d. ca. 1002, Georgian monk
*Peter the Iberian, c. 411-491, Georgian Orthodox saint

Modern history

Cultural similarities of the peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

*Iberian languages (see also Gallo-Iberian languages)
*Iberian Romance languages
*West Iberian languages
*Languages of Spain
*Languages of Portugal
*Iberian naming customs
**Portuguese names
**Spanish naming customs

Modern peoples of the Iberian Peninsula

*Portuguese people
*Spanish people, with its multiple national and regional identities
**Andalusian people
**Aragonese people
**Asturian people
**Basque people
**Canarian people
**Cantabrian people
**Catalan people
**Castilian people
**Extremaduran people
**Galician people
**Valencian people


*2007 Iberian Peninsula earthquake
*Iberian Communist Federation, communist group in Spain
**Iberian Communist Youth, the youth organization of the Iberian Communist Federation
*Iberian Anarchist Federation ("Federación Anarquista Ibérica", FAI), a Spanish organization of Anarchist (Anarcho-Syndicalist) militants.
**Iberian Federation of Libertarian Youth ("Federación Ibérica de Juventudes Libertarias")
*Iberian Federalism, early 20th century ideology purporting the federation of Portugal and Spain
*Iberian Jews, also known as Sephardi Jews
*Iberian Pact, in 1939 between the Portuguese right-wing dictatorship and the Spanish right-wing dictatorship
*Iberian Union, political unit that governed all of Iberia from 1580-1640, as a personal union
*International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory, Portuguese-Spanish international nanotechnology research organization

Animals of the Iberian Peninsula

*Iberian Barbel
*Iberian Emerald Lizard
*Iberian Frog
*Iberian horse
*Iberian Lynx
*Iberian Midwife Toad
*Iberian Nase
*Iberian Painted Frog
*Iberian Ribbed Newt
*Iberian Rock Lizard
*Iberian Shrew
*Iberian Wolf
*Iberian Worm Lizard
*Iberian cattle


*Iberian Gate and Chapel, the only existing gate of the Kitai-gorod in Moscow, Russia

ee also

*Hispanic and Hispanophone
*Lusitanic and Lusophone

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См. также в других словарях:

  • Iberian — [ī bir′ē ən] adj. 1. of ancient Iberia in the Caucasus or its people, language, or culture 2. of the Iberian Peninsula in ancient times or its people, language, or culture n. 1. a) a member of an ancient people of the S Caucasus, believed to be… …   English World dictionary

  • Iberian — I*be ri*an, a. Of or pertaining to Iberia. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Iberian — c.1600 (n.); 1610s (adj.), from L. Iberia, ancient name of the Spanish peninsula, from Gk. Iberes Celtic people of Spain; also the name given to an Asiatic people near the Caucasus. Of unknown origin in both uses, but the word as applied in Spain …   Etymology dictionary

  • Iberian — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Iberia (the peninsula that consists of modern Spain and Portugal). ► NOUN ▪ a person from Iberia …   English terms dictionary

  • Iberian — /uy bear ee euhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to Iberia in SW Europe, its inhabitants, or their language. 2. of or pertaining to ancient Iberia in the Caucasus or its inhabitants. n. 3. one of the ancient inhabitants of Iberia in Europe, from whom… …   Universalium

  • Iberian — noun 1》 a native of Iberia (the Iberian peninsula, or present day Spain and Portugal), especially in ancient times. 2》 the extinct Romance language spoken in the Iberian peninsula in late classical times. 3》 (also Celtiberian) the extinct Celtic… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Iberian — I•be•ri•an [[t]aɪˈbɪər i ən[/t]] adj. 1) peo of or pertaining to the Iberian Peninsula, its inhabitants, or their speech 2) peo of or pertaining to ancient Iberia in the Caucasus or its inhabitants 3) peo a native or inhabitant of the Iberian… …   From formal English to slang

  • Iberian — I. noun Etymology: Iberia, ancient region of the Caucasus Date: 1601 a member of one or more peoples anciently inhabiting the Caucasus in Asia between the Black and Caspian seas • Iberian adjective II. noun Etymology: Iberia, peninsula in Europe… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Iberian — I·be·ri·an || aɪ bɪərɪən n. resident of the Iberian Peninsula; resident of the ancient country of Iberia (located in the eastern part of the present day Georgian Republic) adj. of or pertaining to the Iberian Peninsula or its inhabitants; …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Iberian — I|be|ri|an [aıˈbıəriən US ˈbır ] adj [Date: 1500 1600; : Latin; Origin: Iberia land of the Iberes , from Greek Iberes Spanish people ] relating to Spain or Portugal, or its people ▪ the Iberian peninsula …   Dictionary of contemporary English

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