infobox UK place
static_image_caption= The Obelisk on Alderman's Hill overlooking Greenfield towards
static_image_2_caption= "Saddleworth shown within
country = England
population= 24,351 (2001 Census)
population_density= Pop density mi2 to km2|828|precision=0|abbr=yes|wiki=yes
region= North West England
constituency_westminster= Oldham East and Saddleworth
postcode_district = OL3
london_distance= convert|161|mi|km|0|abbr=on SSE
Saddleworth is a
civil parishof the Metropolitan Borough of Oldhamin Greater Manchester, England.cite web|url=http://www.gmcro.co.uk/guides/gazette/gazframe.htm|date=2003-07-31|title=A select gazetteer of local government areas, Greater Manchester County|publisher= Greater Manchester County Record Office|accessdate=2007-07-09] It comprises several villages and hamlets amongst the west side of the Pennine hills: Uppermill, Greenfield, Delph, Diggle and others. Saddleworth, which lies east of the large town of Oldhamand convert|11|mi|km|1 east-northeast of the city of Manchester, is broadly rural, has a scattered population of 24,351,cite web |url=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=790585&c=saddleworth&d=16&e=15&g=352610&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1209655079829&enc=1&dsFamilyId=781 |title=Saddleworth CP (Parish) |author=United Kingdom Census 2001 |publisher=neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk |accessdate=2007-04-05] making it one of the larger civil parishes in the United Kingdom.
Historically a part of the
West Riding of Yorkshire, for centuries Saddleworth was a centre of woollen cloth production in the domestic system. Following the Industrial Revolution, Saddleworth became a centre for cottonspinning and weavingduring the 18th and 19th centuries, so much so that by the end of Queen Victoria's reign, mechanized textile production had become a vital part of the local economy. The boom in industry that called for greater transport links, including the Huddersfield Narrow Canaland several mills and railways.
Following the Great Depression Saddleworth's textile sector demised. Much of Saddleworth's architecture and infrastructure dates from its textile processing days however, notably the Saddleworth Viaduct and several cottages and terraces.
For centuries Saddleworth was linked, ecclesiastically, with the parish of Rochdale and was long talked of as the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived. [cite book|title=Greater Manchester: Photographic Memories|date=2000|last=Hardy|first=Clive|publisher=Francis Frith Collection|isbn=1-85937-108-06|quote=Though within the parish of Rochdale, Saddleworth lay within the extreme south-west of the West Riding of Yorkshire and was long talked of as the part of Yorkshire where Lancastrians lived|page=60] The former Saddleworth Urban District was the only part of the West Riding to have been amalgamated into Greater Manchester in 1974. However, strong cultural links with Yorkshire remain amongst its communities. [cite web |url=http://www.manchesterfire.gov.uk/irmp/draft_page.asp?id7=3&id8=2&id13=13&id43=5 |title=Borough Profile: Oldham |author=
Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service|date=2002 |accessdate=2007-04-05] There are several brass bands in the parish.
The first documentary evidence of Saddleworth appears in the
Domesday Bookin which it is referred to as "Quick", spelt "Thoac"; where it is described as "Land of the King in Eurvicsire (Yorkshire), Agbrigg Wapentake."
The history of the region clearly dates further back than the Domesday Book however. Place names derived from Celtic and Anglian dialects, along with the discovery of flint arrowheads and gold
Vikingrings all point to a much earlier Saddleworth, possibly as old as the Stone Age. Furthermore, there is a Roman road running through the area and Castleshaw Roman fort. Also present in the Saddleworth area is a possible Bronze Age bowl barrow(gbmapping|SD98010746). Despite excavations, no grave goods or human remains have been found associated with the barrow. [cite web |title=Bowl Barrow |url=http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=45895 |publisher=Pastscape.org.uk |accessdate=2007-12-30]
The steep slopes of the Saddleworth area and the acidic soils of the region have never been particularly conducive to intensive farming; meaning that long before the Victorian era, Saddleworth already had a long established, albeit domestic, textile tradition. Small, basic mills had been existent in Saddleworth before the industrial revolution, but these were increasingly replaced by larger more intensive establishments. So much so that by the end of Queen Victoria's reign, mechanized textile production had become a vital part of the local economy.
The boom in industry that had occurred in Saddleworth during the
Industrial Revolutioncalled for greater transport links. The Huddersfield Narrow Canalwas begun in 1794 at the height of 'Canal Mania', connecting Huddersfieldto Stalybridge via Saddleworth and completed seventeen years later in 1811; when the Standedge Canal Tunnel at Diggle was finally opened. The decline of canals and the rise of steam powered locomotives left the canal falling behind the competition, and so it was decided that a railway tunnel would be built parallel to the canal, which was completed in 1848. The rise in traffic demanded a second tunnel be built, completed in 1871. Both of these were single line tunnels and eventually superseded by the 1894 tunnel, a double line tunnel, which is the only one of the three still regularly carrying passengers.
Unlike the majority of the Oldham Metropolitan Borough, where the industrial architecture was generally constructed from Accrington redbrick, Saddleworth's textiles mills and supporting infrastructure was made from stone. [ [http://www.visitoldham.co.uk/villages/villages.htm Saddleworth Villages] , visitoldham.co.uk. URL accessed March 26, 2007.] This is in keeping with other settlements amongst the southwest Pennines, such as
Although on the western side of the Pennine watershed, Saddleworth, or Quick as it was once known, has lain within the historic county boundaries of
Yorkshiresince the middle ages. From a very ancient time, the area formed part of the Agbrigg Wapentake, in the "Land of the King in Eurvicsire" (Yorkshire).cite book |authors=Various authors |title=The Saddleworth Story |pages=10 |edition=5th |date=1994]
In 1866 it became a
civil parishin its own right and in 1889 became part of the administrative county of the West Riding of Yorkshire. In 1894 the parish's boundaries were altered somewhat, with the parts in Quickmere Middle Division(Springhead), Mossleyand Uppermillbecoming Urban Districts. The residue became a single-parish rural district.
In 1872, Saddleworth was recorded to be "a hamlet, a chapelry, a township, and a district, in Rochdale parish and West Riding of Yorkshire".cite web |url=http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/entry_page.jsp?text_id=943640&word=NULL |title=Descriptive Gazetteer entry for SADDLEWORTH |author=A Vision of Britain through Time |accessdate=2007-04-23] At this time, a post office for the area was found under the name of
Uppermillwhich was under Manchester.
In 1900 the boundaries were changed again with the inclusion of
Uppermill, and the single-parish rural district being instead replaced by the "Saddleworth Urban District".cite web |url=http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10094124 |title=Saddleworth UD |author=A Vision of Britain through Time|accessdate=2007-04-05 ] In 1937 it incorporated SpringheadUrban District.
Local Government Act 1972, the West Riding of Yorkshire was abolished [cite web |url=http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/unit_page.jsp?u_id=10200120 |title=West Riding |author=A Vision of Britain through time |accessdate=2007-04-05] and Saddleworth was incorporated into the Metropolitan Borough of Oldhamin the metropolitan countyof Greater Manchester.
Unlike neighbouring Shaw and Crompton, Saddleworth is a
Successor parish, and thus was automatically granted civil parish status in 1974 when its urban district status was abolished.
Saddleworth forms part of the Oldham East and Saddleworth parliamentary constituency, of which the
Member of Parliamentis Phil Woolas.
It is split into three electoral wards; "Saddleworth North", "Saddleworth South" and "Saddleworth West and Lees"
Saddleworth makes up around 52 % (29.4
square miles (76.1 km²)) of the entire Metropolitan Borough of Oldham in terms of area, and remains largely rural.
Bounded directly to the west by Oldham, Lees and
Shaw and Crompton, Saddleworth is twelve miles (19.3 km) southwest of Huddersfield.
Saddleworth contains a collection of villages and hamlets, including:
As of the 2001 UK census, Saddleworth had a total population of 24,351. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. The average household size was 2.39. [cite web |title=Saddleworth CP household data |publisher=Statistics.gov.uk |url=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=790585&c=saddleworth&d=16&e=15&g=352610&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1209655079829&enc=1&dsFamilyId=785 |accessdate=2008-05-01 ] Of those aged 16–74 in Saddleworth, 45.3% had no academic qualifications or one GCSE, lower than the figures for all of the
Metropolitan Borough of Oldham(55.2%) and about the same for England (45.5%).cite web |title=Saddleworth CP and qualifications |publisher=Statistics.gov.uk |url=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=790585&c=saddleworth&d=16&e=15&g=352610&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1209655079829&enc=1&dsFamilyId=783 |accessdate=2008-05-01 ] [cite web |title=Oldham metropolitan borough qualifications |publisher = Statistics.gov.uk |url=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=276779&c=Oldham&d=13&e=16&g=352415&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1209655541139&enc=1&dsFamilyId=103 |accessdate=2008-05-01 ] According to the census, 1.9% were unemployed and 28.2% were economically inactive. 18.5% of the population were under the age of 16 and 7.3% were aged 75 and over; the mean age of the people of Saddleworth was 40.92. 71.5% of residents described their health as 'good'. [cite web |title=Little Bollington civil parish census data |publisher=Statistics.gov.uk |url=http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=792638&c=Little+Bollington&d=16&e=15&g=429138&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1190634050787&enc=1&dsFamilyId=781 |accessdate=2007-09-24 ]
Since the local government reforms of 1974, some people of Saddleworth have been uneasy about their primary geographic reference frame, with parts of the local community feeling aggrieved at Saddleworth forming part of
Greater Manchester. Saddleworth, where the local architecture of stone cottages is markedly Yorksharian, is the only part of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham to come from the historic county boundaries of Yorkshire, the rest being from Lancashire. It is also the only part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester to lie within these borders. Greater Manchester is based on the conurbationof towns surrounding the city of Manchester. However, Saddleworth is highly rural, and, for purposes of the Office of National Statistics, most of the parish's territory does not form part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area. [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/census2001/ks_urban_north_part_5.pdf]
Saddleworth White Rose Societyorganises events every Yorkshire Day(1 August) to promote its contention that Saddleworth remains part of the West Riding of Yorkshire. The Prince of Wales referred to Saddleworth's continuing Yorkshire status when he visited the area in 2001 saying "The fact that Saddleworth is still part of the historic West Riding is extremely important". [ [http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/9-23-2004-59624.asp David McKie: Elsewhere] ,"The Guardian" 23 September 2004]
In 2004, public meetings were held to discuss the feasibility of splitting Saddleworth from the Borough of Oldham. Some residents at the time said they would prefer to become part of the metropolitan county of
West Yorkshireor a new South Pennine authority, connecting rural towns and villages on both sides of the border. Even though such a move could involve merging with the neighbouring Metropolitan Borough of Kirklees, Oldham councillors maintained the split was not feasible as Saddleworth does not have sufficient hospital provision, civic buildings, transport, schooling nor other infrastructure in its own right. Councillor Ken Hulme arranged a meeting for the matter to be discussed. One councillor remarked "They [Saddleworth] want a bigger slice of the pie than the rest of the borough. The people of the rest of Oldham are not going to subsidise Saddleworth, and Saddleworth can't go it alone. It couldn't afford to provide the services it needs." [ [http://www.oldhamadvertiser.co.uk/news/s/177/177511_whos_for_the_republic_of_saddleworth.html Who's for the Republic of Saddleworth?] , " Oldham Advertiser", December 15, 2004. URL accessed October 27, 2006.]
Saddleworth has a large number of annual customs and traditions, many of which are held during Whitsuntide. On
Whit Fridaymorning, congregations from the churches of all of the Saddleworth villages hold their Walk of Witness and congregate in Uppermill to take part in a religious service. Later in the evening, the Whit Friday brass bandcontests take place. The band contests originated in Saddleworth and the nearby towns of Mossleyand Stalybridgeand are still centred on the local area. Bands from around the country, and indeed the world, travel to the area annually to compete. Due to the huge popularity of the event, Whit Friday band contests are now held in others of Saddleworth's surrounding villages.
On the following Saturday, the Saddleworth Beer Walk is held. This is a fundraising event where participants walk around Saddleworth in
fancy dress, stopping off at many of Saddleworth's pubs along the way for a pintof beeror lager. Spectators are encouraged to give moneyto the participants for charity. It is organised by the Saddleworth branch of the Round Table.
Each year, on the second Saturday and Sunday after August 12th (the old Saddleworth "Wakes Week"), the Saddleworth
Rushcarttakes place. In 1975 a team of local lads formed the Saddleworth Morris Menand the first modern Rushcartwas built for the first festival. This has now become the largest Festival of Morris Dancing in the whole of the United Kingdom. Fact|date=February 2007
Dobcrossis the birthplace to inventors, the Platt Brothers, who were pioneers of the mechanisation of textile manufacture.
Progressive rock band
Barclay James Harvestwere formed in Saddleworth.
Saddleworth’s craggy moorland provided the cliffs that springboard careers for internationally renown Alpinist/Climbers
Kevin Thawof Uppermilland Paul Braithwaite, Denshaw. Paul & son Tom currently compete and rank in International Mountain Bikingevents.
Paul Scholesresides in Saddleworth.
* [http://whiterose.saddleworth.net Saddleworth White Rose Society]
* [http://www.saddleworth.net/ Saddleworth Online]
* [http://www.saddleworth.org.uk/ Saddleworth.org.uk]
* [http://www.virtualsaddleworth.co.uk/ Virtual Saddleworth]
* [http://www.saddleworth-historical-society.org.uk/ Saddleworth Historical Society]
* [http://www.saddleworthmuseum.co.uk/ Saddleworth Museum]
* [http://www.saddleworthbuses.fotopic.net/ Saddleworth Buses]
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