Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar

Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar

Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, also spelt Ramkrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, and known as R.G. Bhandarkar (July 6, 1837–August 24, 1925), was a scholar, orientalist and social reformer.

Early life

He was born in Malvan in Ratnagiri district of present-day Maharashtra. After his early schooling in Ratnagiri, he gained admission to Elphinstone College, Bombay. Like his reformer colleague Mahadev Govind Ranade, Bhandarkar was among the first graduates from Bombay University in 1862 and completed his Master’s degree in 1863. He won many awards and scholarships in the course of his brilliant academic career.


He served both Elphinstone College and Deccan College during his distinguished teaching career. He was involved in research and writing throughout his life. He became Vice Chancellor of Bombay University before he retired in 1894. He participated in international conferences on Oriental Studies held in London (1874) and Vienna (1886) and made invaluable contributions.


Whilst a student in 1853 Bhandarkar became a member of the Paramhansa Sabha, a secret association for the furtherance of liberal ideas. It was secret in order to avoid the wrath of the powerful and orthodox elements of society. The members of his Sabha were inspired by the visits of Keshub Chunder Sen in 1864. In 1866, some of the members held a meeting in the house of Atmaram Pandurang that would publicly pledge itself to certain reforms such as (1) an open denunciation of the caste system, (2) the introduction of widow remarriage, (3) the encouragement of female education, and (4) the abolition of child marriage.

After repeated deliberations, the members came to the conclusion that religious reforms were required as a basis for social reforms. The first prayer meeting was held on 31st March 1867, paving the way for the formation of the Prarthana Samaj. The efforts were boosted by another visit of Keshub Chunder Sen and visits of Navina Chandra Rai, founder of Punjab Brahmo Samaj, and Protap Chunder Mozoomdar.

Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute [http://www.bori.ac.in/ Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute] at Pune is named for him.


External links

* [http://www.bori.ac.in/rgb.htm Chronology of events in his life]
* [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/72430.cms Times of India tribute]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bhandarkar — is an Indian surname found among Maharashtrians. It can refer to: * Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar, a social worker * Madhur Bhandarkar, a film director * Devadatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar (1875 1950), a historianee also* Bhandarkar Oriental… …   Wikipedia

  • Ramakrishna (disambiguation) — Ramakrishna might refer to one of several people, the most famous of whom, Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, has had many places and institutions named after him.ri Ramakrishna*Ramakrishna mdash; Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, Hindu religious teacher.… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute — The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (BORI) is located in Pune, Maharashtra, India [ [http://www.virtualpune.com/html/channel/edu/institutes/html/bhandark.shtml Bhandarkar Institute, Pune] ] . It was founded on July 6, 1917 to honor the… …   Wikipedia

  • Vithoba — Hdeity infobox| Caption = Name = Vithoba Devanagari = विठोबा Sanskrit Transliteration = Viṭhobā Tamil script = Script name = Script = Affiliation = Form of Vishnu or Krishna God of = Abode = Pandharpur Mantra = Weapon = Consort = Rakhumai… …   Wikipedia

  • Chitpavan — Chitpavan/Kokanastha Brahmins Classification Brahmin Religions Hinduism Languages Marathi, Chitpavani Konkani Populated States Maharashtra, Konkan (Goa and coastal Karnataka); some parts of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat Migration to India …   Wikipedia

  • Krishnaism — Krishnaism, is a term that is often used to describe a number of Hindu religious traditions, that are among the Hindu denominations centered on devotion to Radha Krishna or other forms of Krishna, or Vishnu in a sentiment of Krishna. [… …   Wikipedia

  • Кришнаизм — О религиозной организации см. Международное общество сознания Кришны. Кришна поднимает холм Говардх …   Википедия

  • Roads of Pune — Pune is located in the West of India, in the state of Maharashtra and is roughly 160 km east of Mumbai. The city lies approximately 3 miles along a river. The heart of the city is much older than the rest of the city. It has winding roads, many… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Marathi people — This page is a list of Marathi people. The Marathi people are an Indo Aryan ethnic group that inhabit the Maharashtra region and state of western India. Historical Marathas, prior to 1818. Rulers * Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj Founder of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Брахма-мадхва-гаудия сампрадая — Кришна поднимает холм Говардхана. Из коллекции Смитсоновского института. Кришнаизм  термин, используемый для обозначения ряда религиозных традиций индуизма, основанных на поклонении Радхе Кришне, другим ипостасям Кришны, или Вишну в форме… …   Википедия