- Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham
The Right Honourable
The Lord Stewart of Fulham
Foreign Secretary In office
16 March 1968 – 19 June 1970
Monarch Elizabeth II Prime Minister Harold Wilson Preceded by George Brown Succeeded by Sir Alec Douglas-Home In office
22 January 1965 – 11 August 1966
Monarch Elizabeth II Prime Minister Harold Wilson Preceded by Patrick Gordon Walker Succeeded by George Brown First Secretary of State In office
11 August 1966 – 6 April 1968
Prime Minister Harold Wilson Preceded by George Brown Succeeded by Barbara Castle Secretary of State for Economic Affairs In office
11 August 1966 – 29 August 1967
Prime Minister Harold Wilson Preceded by George Brown Succeeded by Peter Shore Secretary of State for Education and Science In office
16 October 1964 – 22 January 1965
Prime Minister Harold Wilson Preceded by Quintin Hogg Succeeded by Anthony Crosland Member of Parliament
26 May 1955 – 3 May 1979
Preceded by Constituency Created Succeeded by Martin Stevens Member of Parliament
for Fulham East
5 July 1945 – 26 May 1955
Preceded by William Astor Succeeded by Constituency Abolished Personal details Born 6 November 1906 Died 13 March 1990 (aged 83) Nationality British Political party Labour Spouse(s) Mary Stewart Alma mater St. John's College, Oxford Profession Member of Parliament
Robert Michael Maitland Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham, CH, PC (6 November 1906 – 13 March 1990) was a British Labour politician and Fabian Socialist who served twice as Foreign Secretary in the first cabinet of Harold Wilson.
The son of Robert Wallace Stewart, author and lecturer, and Eva Stewart née Blaxley, Stewart was born in Bromley and educated at Brownhill Road Elementary School, Catford, Christ's Hospital and St. John's College, Oxford, where he graduated with a first class BA in philosophy in 1929.
While at university, Stewart was President of the Oxford Union, and of St John's Labour Club (1929). He began his career as an official in the Royal Household during 1931. He worked for a short period with the Secretariat of the League of Nations, before becoming a schoolmaster, first at the Merchant Taylors' School in London, then at Coopers' Company's School, Mile End, and then at Frome, Somerset. During World War II, Stewart served in the Middle East, joining the Intelligence Corps in 1942, before transferring to the Army Educational Corps in 1943. He was promoted to captain in 1944.
On 26 July 1941 he married Mary Birkinshaw, later Baroness Stewart of Alvechurch; they had no children. They were one of the few couples who both held titles in their own right.
Stewart had contested the Lewisham West constituency in 1931 and 1935, and Fulham East in 1936; after the war he became MP for Fulham East 1945-55, then for Fulham 1955-74, and Hammersmith, Fulham 1974-79. Soon after his initial election, he was made a junior whip, then a junior minister, as Under-Secretary of State for War (1947–51) and later as Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Supply (May–October 1951). Following Labour's defeat in the 1951 election, Stewart was a rising figure on the shadow front bench, serving as Shadow Minister of Education (1955–59) and then as Shadow Minister of Housing and Local Government (1959–64).
Stewart was Fabian Summer School Director in 1952 and Lecturer in 1954. He was Fabian New Year School lecturer in 1954-55 and Publicist in 1956. Stewart is listed as a member of the Fabian Society International Bureau Committee during 1957-58 and was mentioned in Fabian News Nov-Dec 1964 as a former member of the Fabian Executive Committee.
When Harold Wilson became Prime Minister in 1964, Stewart was appointed Secretary of State for Education and Science. He was promoted to Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in January 1965. He was described by the press as relatively unknown to the public but was extremely well known within Fabian Socialist circles. He became Secretary of State for Economic Affairs in 1966. From 1966 to 1968, he was First Secretary of State. He returned to the Foreign Office from 1968 to 1970. As foreign secretary, he was instrumental in supplying arms to support the Nigerian government's crushing of the secessionist movement in Biafra (when up to one million people died), later saying "It would have been quite easy for me to say: This is going to be difficult - let's cut off all connexion with the Nigerian Government. If I'd done that I should have known that I was encouraging in Africa the principle of tribal secession - with all the misery that could bring to Africa in the future."
A committed pro-European, Stewart was Leader of the Labour Delegation to the Council of Europe in June 1970, and joint president of the Labour Committee for Europe with George Brown and Roy Jenkins. He served as a member of the European Parliament from 1975 to 1976.
Stewart was made a member of the Privy Council in 1964. In July 1979, he entered the House of Lords as a life peer with the title Baron Stewart of Fulham, of Fulham in Greater London. He died in 1990, aged 83.
- The Forty Hour Week (Fabian Society), (1936)
- Bias and Education for Democracy (1937)
- The British Approach to Politics (1938)
- Modern Forms of Government (1959)
- Fabian Freeway Rose L. Martin (1966)
- Life and Labour (1980) - his autobiography
- European Security: the case against unilateral nuclear disarmament (1981)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Michael Stewart
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Fulham East
Constituency abolished New constituency Member of Parliament for Fulham
Political offices Preceded by
Comptroller of the Household
Secretary of State for Education and Science
Patrick Gordon Walker
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
First Secretary of State
Secretary of State for Economic Affairs
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
as Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs
Deputy Prime Ministers and First Secretaries of State of the United Kingdom Deputy Prime Minister First Secretary of State* Held offices simultaneously Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Fox · Grantham · Fox · Temple · Leeds · Grenville · Hawkesbury · Harrowby · Mulgrave · Fox · Howick · Canning · Bathurst · Wellesley · Castlereagh · Canning · Dudley · Aberdeen · Palmerston · Wellington · Palmerston · Aberdeen · Palmerston · Granville · Malmesbury · Russell · Clarendon · Malmesbury · Russell · Clarendon · Stanley · Clarendon · Granville · Derby · Salisbury · Granville · Salisbury · Rosebery · Iddesleigh · Salisbury · Rosebery · Kimberley · Salisbury · Lansdowne · Grey · Balfour · Curzon · MacDonald · Chamberlain · Henderson · Reading · Simon · Hoare · Eden · Halifax · Eden · Bevin · Morrison · Eden · Macmillan · Lloyd · Home · Butler · Gordon Walker · Stewart · Brown · Stewart
Secretary of State for Foreign
and Commonwealth AffairsBook:Secretaries of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs · Category:British Secretaries of State · Portal:United Kingdom
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Michael Stewart (Politiker) — Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham (* 6. November 1906 in Bromley, London; † 13. März 1990) war ein britischer Politiker. Karriere Michael Stewart war von 1945 bis 1955 Abgeordneter im Unterhaus für den Bezirk Fulham East und von 1955 bis… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Michael Stewart — may refer to: Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham (1906–1990), British Cabinet Minister Michael Stewart (playwright) (1924–1987), playwright and librettist Micky Stewart (born 1932), English cricketer Michael Stewart (musician) (1945–2002),… … Wikipedia
Fulham — infobox UK place country = England map type = Greater London region= London population= official name= Fulham latitude= 51.4767 longitude= 0.2138 london borough= Hammersmith and Fulham constituency westminster= Hammersmith and Fulham post town=… … Wikipedia
List of Privy Counsellors (1952–present) — This is a List of Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom appointed since the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. Due to political ties, some Prime Ministers from Commonwealth realms also are ascended to the British Privy Council as… … Wikipedia
List of World War II topics (M) — # M 1941 Field Jacket # M 24 (Japanese midget submarine) # M B Etheredge # M class Minesweeper (Germany) # M class minesweeper # M Special Unit # M. A. Yegorov # M. R. D. Foot # M. Z. Kiani # Maori Battalion # Möbelwagen # Möhne Reservoir #… … Wikipedia
List of Bilderberg attendees — is a list of prominent persons who have attended one or more conferences organized by the Bilderberg Group. The list is currently organized by category. It is not a complete list and it includes both living and deceased people. Where known, the… … Wikipedia
Presidents of the Oxford Union — Past Presidents of the Oxford Union are listed below, with their College and term year in which they served, if known.*Montek Singh Ahluwalia *Tariq Ali *Herbert Asquith (poet) *H. H. Asquith (Balliol College, 1874) *Raymond Asquith *Lalith… … Wikipedia
List of Old Blues — Alumni of Christ s Hospital school are known as Old Blues. They include : General Roger Allam Actor Attila the Stockbroker (real name John Basil Baine) Musician and songwriter Joshua Barnes English scholar Thomas Barnes Journalist John… … Wikipedia
List of Christ's Hospital Old Blues — Alumni of Christ s Hospital school are known as Old Blues. They include :General*Roger Allam * Basil (John) Baine *Joshua Barnes *Thomas Barnes *John Beazley *Tim Benjamin *Edmund Blunden *Arthur Bowley *William Burnside *John Butler *Cyril Burt… … Wikipedia
Peter Mandelson — The Right Honourable The Lord Mandelson PC … Wikipedia