nickname =nowrap|Capital de la Amazonía Peruana nowrap|(Capital of the
image_caption = Plaza de Armas of Iquitos
dot_x = |dot_y =
pushpin_map_caption =Location within Peru
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = PER
subdivision_type1 = Region
subdivision_name1 = Loreto
subdivision_type2 = Provinces
parts =4 Districts
leader_name =Salomón Abenzur Araujo
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1750s
timezone = PET
utc_offset = -5
latd=3 |latm=44 |lats= |latNS=S
longd=73 |longm=15 |longs= |longEW=W
website = [http://www.munimaynas.gob.pe www.munimaynas.gob.pe]
Iquitos is the largest city in the
Peruvian rainforest, with a population of 370,962. It is the capital of Loreto Regionand Maynas Province. It is generally considered the most populous city in the world that cannot be reached by road.
Located on the
Amazon River, it is a mere convert|106|m|ft|0|lk=on|abbr=on above sea level even though it is more than convert|3000|km|mi|0|lk=on|abbr=on from the mouth of the Amazon at Belemin Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean. It is situated convert|125|km|mi|0|abbr=on downstream of the confluence of the Ucayali and Marañón rivers, the two main headwaters of the Amazon River. Iquitos has long been a major port in the Amazon Basin. It is surrounded by three rivers: the Nanay, the Itaya, and the Amazon.
The city can be reached only by airplane or boat, with the exception of a road to
Nauta, a small town roughly convert|100|km|mi|0|abbr=on south. Most travel within the city itself is via bus, motorcycle, or auto rickshaw("mototaxi", "motocarro" or "motokar"). Transportation to nearby towns often requires a river trip via "llevo-llevo", a small public motorised boat.
The climate is hot and humid, with an average relative humidity of 85%. The wet season lasts from around November to May, with the river reaching its highest point in May. The river is at its lowest in October.
Iquitos was established as a
Jesuitmission in the 1750s, and in 1864 it started to grow when the Loreto Regionwas created and Iquitos became its capital. It is currently the seat of a Roman Catholic Apostolic Vicariate. [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/diqut.html]
Iquitos was known for its
rubberindustry through the rubber boomof the first decade of the 20th century, and there are still great mansions from the 1800s, including the Iron House (Spanish: "Casa de Fierro"), designed by Gustave Eiffel. The boom came to an end when rubber seeds were smuggled out of the country and planted elsewhere. The 1982 movie " Fitzcarraldo", about the life of rubber baron Brian Sweeney Fitzgerald, was filmed near Iquitos.
Iquitos has become important in the shipment of
lumberfrom the Amazon Rainforestto the outside world, and it offers modern amenities for the residents and tourists in the area. Other industries include oil, rumand beerproduction.
Iquitos is home to numerous research projects that cover the studies of ecology in relation to ornithology and herpetology.
Cornell Universityin particular owns a field station dubbed the Cornell University Esbaran Amazon Field Laboratory. Founded in July 2001 under the direction of Dr. Eloy Rodriguezas a research facility dedicated to education, conservation, and the discovery of novel medicinal compounds from applied field chemoecology, the field laboratory strives to Survey and catalog the inventory of biological diversity found along the Yarapa River Basin while providing researchers with field experience in the broad range of disciplines necessary for this task. Another main goal is to explore potential value-added derivatives of biodiversity. This includes both tangible returns in the form of new discoveries in the biomedical and related sciences, as well as the less tangible goods such as the promotion of ecotourismand an ecological aesthetic, and the corresponding benefits to the local communities, and to participating students and researchers.
Iquitos has a growing reputation as a tourist community, especially as a jumping-off point for tours of the Amazon rainforest and the
Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, and trips downriver to Manaus, Brazil- the other rubber-industry city in the interior of the Amazon basin - and finally the Atlantic Ocean, which is convert|3360|km|mi|0|abbr=on away.
A boat tour of Belén is a common tourist attraction. Belén is an area of Iquitos that can be accessed by foot in the dry season but is only accessible via boat in the wet season. Many of the homes in this area are tethered to large poles and float upon the rising waters every year, and some homes float year-round. Where the waters begin there are often a few men with their boats who transport locals and tourists for a small fee.
There is also an open-air market in Belén (in a part that doesn't flood). This too is a common tourist attraction. Most notable is the medicine lane, "Pasaje Paquito", an entire block of the market lined with local plant (and animal) medicines, stocking everything from
copaibato chuchuwasai. Ayahuascatourism has increased in Iquitos in recent years, with Westerners seeking traditional shamanic experiences using the visionary Amazonian medicinal tea. Although there are some reputable "curanderos" who can provide a safe context for such experiences, others do not have the specialised training or skills. As with any tourist activity, consumer discretion is advised.
Iquitos is served by
Crnl. FAP Francisco Secada Vignetta International Airport.
Iquitos has two
universities: Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, the local state university, and Universidad Particular de Iquitos, a private institution. It is also home to the "Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana" (IIAP), the Institute of Investigation of the Peruvian Amazon.
Colegio Nacional de Iquitosis an association footballteam based in Iquitos. In 2005 the city's association football community received the FIFA Fair Play Awardas a result of being one of the five host cities for the 2005 FIFA U-17 World Championship.
Notable people from Iquitos
César Calvo de Araujo, Renowned writer and painter, born in Yurimaguas near Iquitos (1910-1970).
* [http://www.ciudadiquitos.com ciudad de iquitos] web site of iquitos
* [http://www.munimaynas.gob.pe Municipalidad Provincial de Maynas] - Maynas provincial municipality official website (Spanish)
* [http://www.iiap.org.pe/principal.htm El Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana (IIAP)] (Spanish)
* [http://www.geocities.com/iquitosweb Mi Selva - Website General information about Iquitos.] (Spanish)
* [http://www.siturismo.org.pe/ SITURISMO - Sistema de información turística de Iquitos.] (Spanish)
* [http://www.unapiquitos.edu.pe/index.htm Universidad Nacional de la Amazonia Peruana] (Spanish)
* [http://www.lorito.com.pe/mapaiquitos.html Iquitos in Google Maps in www.lorito.com.pe]
* [http://www.access-able.com/tales/Iquitos.html Iquitos, Peru]
* [http://www.guiadeloreto.com General information about Iquitos and Loreto] (Spanish and English)
* [http://www.frommers.com/destinations/iquitos/2883010029.html Iquitos : Attractions | Frommers.com]
* [http://youtube.com/watch?v=e4kO8t4HhhQ YouTube video of canoe and rickshaw transport in Iquitos]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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