- Piet Joubert
Petrus Jacobus Joubert (
20 January 1834– 28 March 1900), better known as Piet Joubert was Commandant-General of the South African Republicfrom 1880 to 1900.
Joubert was born at
Cango, in the district of Oudtshoorn, Cape Colony, a descendant of a French Huguenotwho fled to South Africa soon after the revocation of the Edict of Nantesby Louis XIV. Left an orphan at an early age, Joubert migrated to the Transvaal, where he settled in the Wakkerstroomdistrict near Laing's Nekand the north-east angle of Natal. There he not only farmed with great success, but turned his attention to the study of the law.
The esteem in which his shrewdness in both farming and legal affairs was held led to his election to the
Volksraadas member for Wakkerstroomearly in the sixties, Marthinus Pretorius being then in his second term of office as president. In 1870 Joubert was again elected, and the use to which he put his slender stock of legal knowledge secured him the appointment of attorney-generalof the republic, while in 1875 he acted as president during the absence of T. F. Burgersin Europe.
First British annexation of the Transvaal
During the first British annexation of the Transvaal, Joubert earned for himself the reputation of a consistent irreconcilable by refusing to hold office under the government, as
Paul Krugerand other prominent Boers were doing. Instead of accepting the lucrative post offered him, he took a leading part in creating and directing the agitation which led to the war of 1880-1881, eventually becoming, as commandant-general of the Boer forces, a member of the triumvirate that administered the provisional Boer government set up in December 1880 at Heidelberg.
First Boer War, he was in command of the Boer forces at Laings Nek, Ingogo, and Majuba Hill, subsequently conducting the earlier peace negotiations that led to the conclusion of the Pretoria Convention.
Later political career
In 1883 he was a candidate for the presidency of the Transvaal, but received only 1171 votes as against 3431 cast for Kruger. In 1893 he again opposed Kruger in the contest for the presidency, standing as the representative of the comparatively progressive section of the Boers, who wished in some measure to redress the grievances of the
Uitlanderpopulation which had grown up on the Rand. The poll (though there is good reason for believing that the voting lists had been manipulated by Kruger's agents) was declared to have resulted in 7911 votes being cast for Kruger and 7246 for Joubert. After a protest Joubert acquiesced to Krugers continued presidency.
He stood again in 1898, but the
Jameson raidhad occurred meantime and the voting was 12,858 for Kruger and 2,001 for Joubert. Joubert's position had then become much weakened by accusations of treachery and of sympathy with the Uitlander agitation.
econd Boer War
He took little part in the negotiations that culminated in the ultimatum sent to Great Britain by Kruger in 1899, and though he immediately assumed nominal command of the operations on the outbreak of hostilities, he gave up to others the chief share in the direction of the war, through his inability or neglect to impose upon them his own will. His cautious nature, which had in early life gained him the sobriquet of "Slim" Piet (Clever Piet), joined to a lack of determination and assertiveness that characterized his whole career, led him to act mainly on the defensive; and the strategically offensive movements of the Boer forces, such as Elandslaagte and
Willow Grange, appear to have been neither planned nor executed by him.
As the war went on, physical weakness led to Jouberts virtual retirement, and, though two days earlier he was still reported as being in supreme command, he died at
Pretoriafrom peritonitis. Sir George White, the defender of Ladysmith, summed up Jouberts character when he called him "a soldier and a gentleman, and a brave and honorable opponent".
Piet Joubert is a direct descendant of Pierre Joubert who arrived at the Cape in 1688 from Provence
France. [ Ces français qui ont fait l'Afrique du Sud. Translation: Those French who made South Africa. [http://www.amazon.fr/dp/2841000869 Bernard Lugan. January 1996. ISBN 2841000869'] ] The Joubert name has retained its original spelling and is a common name among the Afrikaans population.
The town of Pietersburg (now named
Polokwane) in the northern region of the then Transvaal Republic(current Limpopoprovince) was named after Piet Joubert.
Fritz Joubert Duquesne, the nephew of Piet Joubert who went on to become a Boer spy, and later one of the most famous German spies during both World Wars.
Books on Joubert
* The Commandant-General: The life and times of Petrus Jacobus Joubert by Johannes Meintjes
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Piet Joubert — Petrus Jacobus Joubert Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joubert. Petrus Jacobus Joubert (1834 1900) Petrus Jacobus Joubert ou souvent Piet Joubert (20 ja … Wikipédia en Français
Joubert, Petrus Jacobus — ▪ South African politician also called Piet Joubert born Jan. 20, 1831, near Prince Albert, Cape Colony [now in South Africa] died March 27, 1900, Pretoria, South African Republic associate and rival of Paul Kruger (Kruger, Paul) who served… … Universalium
Joubert — I. biographical name Joseph 1754 1824 French essayist & moralist II. biographical name Petrus Jacobus 1834 1900 known as Piet Joubert Boer general & statesman … New Collegiate Dictionary
Petrus Jacobus Joubert — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joubert. Petrus Jacobus Joubert (1834 1900) Petrus Jacobus Joubert ou souvent Piet Joubert (20 janvier 1834 28 mars … Wikipédia en Français
Pieter Joubert — Petrus Jacobus Joubert Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joubert. Petrus Jacobus Joubert (1834 1900) Petrus Jacobus Joubert ou souvent Piet Joubert (20 ja … Wikipédia en Français
Fritz Joubert Duquesne — Infobox Military Person name=Frederick “Fritz” Joubert Duquesne lived=September 21, 1877 May 24, 1956 (Age: 78) caption=Captain Duquesne, Boer Army picture. ca. 1900 nickname= The man who killed Kitchener ; The Black Panther ; Aliases: Captain… … Wikipedia
Fritz Joubert Duquesne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Joubert et Duquesne. Fritz Joubert Duquesne durant la Seconde Guerre des Boers Frederick “Fritz” Joubert Duquesne, né dans la … Wikipédia en Français
Petrus Jacobus Joubert — Petrus Jacobus „Piet“ Joubert (* 20. Januar 1834 in Cango, Distrikt Oudtshoorn, Kapkolonie; † 28. März 1900 in Pretoria) war ein südafrikanischer Burengeneral und Generalkommandant der Südafrikanischen Republik von 1880 bis 1900. Leben Petrus… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Petrus Jacobus Joubert — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Petrus Jacobus Joubert Petrus Jacobus Joubert también conocido como Piet Joubert fue un militar y político sudafricano que se desempeñó como Comandante General y Vicepresidente en su país. Nació el 20 de enero de … Wikipedia Español
Petrus Jacobus Joubert — también conocido como Piet Joubert fue un militar y político sudafricano que se desempeñó como Comandante General y Vicepresidente en su país. Nació el 20 de enero de 1831 en Prince Albert, Sudáfrica, en una familia de granjeros y misioneros que… … Enciclopedia Universal