- Orhan Veli Kanık
Statue of Orhan Veli in Aşiyan, İstanbul
Born Orhan Veli Kanık
13 April 1914
Died 14 November 1950(aged 36)
Occupation Poet Nationality Turkish Alma mater İstanbul University Period 1936 - 1950 Literary movement Garip
By category Epic tradition Folk tradition Ottoman era
Poetry · Prose
Orhan Veli Kanık or Orhan Veli (13 April 1914, İstanbul – 14 November 1950, İstanbul) was a Turkish poet. Kanık who is the founder of Garip Movement together with Oktay Rıfat and Melih Cevdet has moved to the poetic language, utterance of man-in-the street by purposing rootedly to change the old structure in Turkish poetry. The poet made fit many works in the story, the essay, the article and the translation field, as well as his poetries into his 36 yearly life.
Orhan Veli who kept away from the old one everything to be able to uncover a new pleasure refused to use syllable and aruz meters. He stated that he unnecessary finds the litary arts such as metaphor, simile, exaggeration; primitive the rhyme. Kanık's this desire whom set out so as "to take all tradition, every what bygone literatures taught" although decreases technical possibilities in his poetry; the poet has created new fields himself with topics which he has taken in hand, persons who he has mentioned and words which he has used. He has approached to the spoken language poetic language by adopting a simple expression. His poetries was published, which are examples of this ideas in the poetry book the named Garip whom they released together with his friends, in 1941, and it has caused to the emergence of the Garip movement. This movement has large striken on Republic period poem between the years 1940-1950 especially. The Garip poem is accepted a touchstone in Turkish poetry both with destructive and constructive its feature.
Kanık was largely odd previously through these innovatives whom he has brought to the poetry, he received very harsh criticisms, and was despised. Orhan Veli' works which digress of traditions although was responded to with fun and insult later, wonder and being out of it before, always aroused interest. This interest however, caused to increase of understanding, affection and admiration whom have felt for the poet soonest. Sait Faik Abasıyanık also has characterized as "a poet atteined to both fair name and notoriety in time; the again be amitted, the denied again, the won regocnition from time to time, the made fun of he from time to time, the most emphatical" him by calling attention to this aspect of Orhan Veli.
Although he stands out with his poetries which he has written in period of Garip, Orhan Veli had abstained to write "the single species" poetries. Kanık's literature life whom had lived the adventure of a long poem during his short life, had been renewing himself, had been searching without cease has been consisting of different stages. Oktay Rıfat has explained with his says "Orhan lived in his very short lifetime a poetry adventure for a few generations of French poets. Turkish poetry became a horsehead with Europe poetry through his pen.", and "A changing which a few generations may achieve back to back maybe he completed in a few years." this situation.
Childhood and education
Orhan Veli Kanık born in 9 numbered mansion the Çayır Street in İshak Ağa Ascent in which exists in Yalıköy due to Beykoz, on April 13, 1914. His father is Fehmi Bey's the son Mehmet Veli, the merchant with İzmir, his mother however, is Fatma Nigar, Hacı Ahmet Bey's the daughter with Beykoz. Because the name of the poet's the father is Veli, whom is Ahmet Orhan his main name, according to permit by the population the artist was known as Orhan Veli before Law on Family Names of Turkey. He was a clarinetist at Mızıka-yı Hümayun, when Orhan Veli's the father got married. After announcement of Republic in Turkey however, he became the conductor of Symphony Orchestra of Presidential. Veli Kanık lived in Ankara between the years 1923-1948 because of both his this new task and he to be a professor of harmony in Musikî Muallim Mektebi (Music Teachers School) (Ankara Conservatory). Veli Bey who did also managership in Ankara Radio for a while during this period worked as a scientific board member in Istanbul Conservatory and an audio specialist in İstanbul Radio in later-years. Orhan Veli had two younger siblings from himself. These is Adnan Veli Kanık of Vatan Newspaper reporters and Füruzan Yolyapan. It is told that the poet had also a sister named Ayşe Zerrin whom died in Ankara while she was at the age of one. Orhan Veli's childhood spent in Beykoz, Beşiktaş and Cihangir. He continued to master class of Anafartalar Primary School where exists in Akarets during the truce. After a year however, he was delivered as boarding to Galatasaray High School by be removed from this school. He was circumcised at a wedding, at which Caliph Abdülmecit had organized in Yıldız Palace while was at the age of seven.
Orhan Veli was born in Istanbul. His father was a conductor of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra. His younger brother, Adnan Veli, was a well known journalist whose memoir of his time in prison on political charges, "Mahpushane Çeşmesi (The Prison Fountain)", was published in 1952. Orhan Veli studied at the Ankara Gazi High School before he started his university education which lasted one year at Istanbul University's philosophy department before dropping out in 1935. He was employed by the Ministry of Education as a translator from 1945 to 1947. Later, he worked as a freelance translator and journalist. In 1949, he helped the publication of Yaprak, a literary magazine. As also evidenced from the contents of some of his deeply humorous poetry, he was a heavy drinker. His death was due to a brain hemorrhage a few days after he fell into a pot hole on the street while intoxicated.
He is known for advocating a poetry without excessive stylistic elements and adjectives, and preferring a style closer to free-verse. He is known for his unique voice, and depth of emotion underlying the seemingly easy-coming nature of his verse. His poetry is highly admired by the public as well as in academic circles.
Although howsoever he looms large with his poetries which he has written in Garip period, Orhan Veli had refrained to write "the single kind" of poetries.
- Garip (Together with Oktay Rifat and Melih Cevdet, 1941)
- Garip (1945)
- Vazgeçemediğim (1945)
- Destan Gibi (1946)
- Yenisi (1947)
- Karşı (1949)
- Collected Poems (1951, 1975)
1. Güneş/Sol, Leonardo da Fonseca (trad.), (n.t.) Revista Literária em Tradução, nº 2 (mar/2011), Fpolis/Brasil, ISSN 2177-5141
- ^ Orga, Atesh (ed.) (2007) "Istanbul: Portrait of a City" Istanbul: A Collection of the Poetry of Place Eland, London, p. 50, ISBN 978-0-955010-59-0
- Biyografi.info - Biography of Orhan Veli Kanık
- Just for the Hell of It — a website with many of Orhan Veli's poems, as translated by Talat Sait Halman
- Poems By Orhan Veli — a website with Orhan Veli's poems, as translated by Murat Nemet Nejat
- Official Web Site — official web site of Orhan Veli Kanık
Turkish Literature Folk Medieval and
OttomanImadaddin Nasimi · Muhammad Fuzuli · Bâkî · Nef‘î · Nedîm · Şeyh Gâlib · Evliya Çelebi · Kâtib Çelebi · Yirmisekiz Mehmed Çelebi · Aşık Çelebi · Ziya Pasha · Şemsettin Sami · Namık Kemal · Ahmed Midhat Efendi · Tevfik Fikret · Cenâb Şehâbeddîn · Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil · Ahmet Haşim · Ömer Seyfettin · Mehmet Emin Yurdakul · Ali Canip Yöntem · Mirza Habib Esfahani · Fatma Aliye Topuz
ContemporaryHalide Edip Adıvar · Reşat Nuri Güntekin · Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu · Mehmet Fuat Köprülü · Cevat Şakir Kabaağaçlı · Ahmet Hamdi Tanpınar · Orhan Kemal · Murathan Mungan · Orhan Hançerlioğlu · Samim Kocagöz · Semiha Ayverdi · Tarık Buğra · Yusuf Atılgan · Yaşar Kemal · Fakir Baykurt · Bilge Karasu · Oğuz Atay · Tomris Uyar · Ahmet Altan · Orhan Pamuk · Elif Şafak · Memduh Şevket Esendal · Kenan Hulusi Koray · Sait Faik Abasıyanık · Kemal Tahir · Haldun Taner · Aziz Nesin · Suut Kemal Yetkin · Sabahattin Ali · Kemal Bilbaşar · Cemil Meriç · Ruşen Eşref Ünaydın · Nurullah Ataç · Behçet Necatigil · Necati Cumalı · Ayfer Tunç · Yekta Kopan · Ahmet Kutsi Tecer · Şevket Süreyya Aydemir · Mehmet Emin Yurdakul · Ziya Gökalp · Orhan Veli Kanık · Oktay Rıfat Horozcu · Melih Cevdet Anday · Nazım Hikmet · Rıfat Ilgaz · Cemal Süreya · İlhan Berk · Turgut Uyar · Edip Cansever · Ece Ayhan Çağlar · Sezai Karakoç · Tevfik Akdağ · Ülkü Tamer · Neyzen Tevfik · Ahmet Haşim · Yahya Kemal Beyatlı · Abdülhak Şinasi Hisar · Orhan Seyfi Orhon · Enis Behiç Koryürek · Halit Fahri Ozansoy · Yusuf Ziya Ortaç · Muammer Lütfi Bakşi · Necip Fazıl Kısakürek · Vasfi Mahir Kocayürek · Sabri Esat Siyavuşgil · Cevdet Kudret · Yaşar Nabi Nayır · Ahmet Muhip Dıranas · Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı · Ziya Osman Saba · Faik Baysal · Salah Birsel · Özdemir Asaf · N. Abbas Sayar · Can Yücel · Attilâ İlhan · Güven Turan · İsmet Özel · Cem Uzungüneş · Mehmet Altun · Mehmet Erte · Küçük İskender · Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel · Fazıl Hüsnü Dağlarca · Yusuf Atılgan · Murat Gülsoy · Ayşe Kulin · Yılmaz Onay
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Orhan Veli Kanık — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Orhan Veli Kanık Orhan Veli Kanık (13 de abril de 1914, Estambul, 14 de noviembre de 1950) fue un poeta turco. Orhan Veli fundó el Movimiento Garip, junto a Oktay Rifat y Melih … Wikipedia Español
Orhan Veli Kanik — Orhan Veli Kanık. Orhan Veli Kanık (13 de abril de 1914, Estambul, 14 de noviembre de 1950) fue un poeta turco. Su padre Veli Kanık fue jefe de la Orquesta Sinfónica de la Presidencia de la República Turca. Orhan Veli fundó el Movimiento Garip… … Wikipedia Español
Orhan Veli Kanık — Eine Statue des Schriftstellers an seinem Grab. Orhan Veli (ab 1934: Orhan Veli Kanık; * 13. April 1914 in Istanbul; † 14. November 1950 ebenda) war ein türkischer Dichter und Erneuerer der türkischen Poesie. Während seiner Gymnasialzeit am… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Orhan Veli — (eigentlich: Orhan Veli Kanık; * 13. April 1914 in Istanbul; † 14. November 1950 ebenda) war ein türkischer Dichter und Erneuerer der türkischen Poesie. Während seiner Gymnasialzeit am Galatasaray Lisesi in İstanbul lernte er Oktay Rifat und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Orhan Veli — Kanik (13 de abril de 1914, Estambul, 14 de noviembre de 1950) fue un poeta turco. Orhan Veli fundó el Movimiento Garip, junto a Oktay Rifat y Melih Cevdet. Es un renombrado poeta por defender una poesía sin adjetivos ni elementos estilísticos… … Enciclopedia Universal
Kanık, Orhan Veli — ▪ Turkish poet born 1914, Bekoz, Constantinople died Nov. 14, 1950, Istanbul poet who was one of the most innovative poets in 20th century Turkish literature. Educated at the Faculty of Literature of Istanbul University, he worked… … Universalium
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