Orhan Veli Kanık

Orhan Veli Kanık
Orhan Veli

Statue of Orhan Veli in Aşiyan, İstanbul
Born Orhan Veli Kanık
13 April 1914(1914-04-13)
Died 14 November 1950(1950-11-14) (aged 36)
Occupation Poet
Nationality Turkish
Alma mater İstanbul University
Period 1936 - 1950
Literary movement Garip

By category
Epic tradition

Dede Korkut · Köroğlu

Folk tradition

Folk literature

Ottoman era

Poetry · Prose

Republican era

Poetry · Prose

Orhan Veli Kanık or Orhan Veli (13 April 1914, İstanbul – 14 November 1950, İstanbul) was a Turkish poet. Kanık who is the founder of Garip Movement together with Oktay Rıfat and Melih Cevdet has moved to the poetic language, utterance of man-in-the street by purposing rootedly to change the old structure in Turkish poetry. The poet made fit many works in the story, the essay, the article and the translation field, as well as his poetries into his 36 yearly life.

Orhan Veli who kept away from the old one everything to be able to uncover a new pleasure refused to use syllable and aruz meters. He stated that he unnecessary finds the litary arts such as metaphor, simile, exaggeration; primitive the rhyme. Kanık's this desire whom set out so as "to take all tradition, every what bygone literatures taught" although decreases technical possibilities in his poetry; the poet has created new fields himself with topics which he has taken in hand, persons who he has mentioned and words which he has used. He has approached to the spoken language poetic language by adopting a simple expression. His poetries was published, which are examples of this ideas in the poetry book the named Garip whom they released together with his friends, in 1941, and it has caused to the emergence of the Garip movement. This movement has large striken on Republic period poem between the years 1940-1950 especially. The Garip poem is accepted a touchstone in Turkish poetry both with destructive and constructive its feature.

Kanık was largely odd previously through these innovatives whom he has brought to the poetry, he received very harsh criticisms, and was despised. Orhan Veli' works which digress of traditions although was responded to with fun and insult later, wonder and being out of it before, always aroused interest. This interest however, caused to increase of understanding, affection and admiration whom have felt for the poet soonest. Sait Faik Abasıyanık also has characterized as "a poet atteined to both fair name and notoriety in time; the again be amitted, the denied again, the won regocnition from time to time, the made fun of he from time to time, the most emphatical" him by calling attention to this aspect of Orhan Veli.

Although he stands out with his poetries which he has written in period of Garip, Orhan Veli had abstained to write "the single species" poetries. Kanık's literature life whom had lived the adventure of a long poem during his short life, had been renewing himself, had been searching without cease has been consisting of different stages. Oktay Rıfat has explained with his says "Orhan lived in his very short lifetime a poetry adventure for a few generations of French poets. Turkish poetry became a horsehead with Europe poetry through his pen.", and "A changing which a few generations may achieve back to back maybe he completed in a few years." this situation.



Childhood and education

Orhan Veli Kanık born in 9 numbered mansion the Çayır Street in İshak Ağa Ascent in which exists in Yalıköy due to Beykoz, on April 13, 1914. His father is Fehmi Bey's the son Mehmet Veli, the merchant with İzmir, his mother however, is Fatma Nigar, Hacı Ahmet Bey's the daughter with Beykoz. Because the name of the poet's the father is Veli, whom is Ahmet Orhan his main name, according to permit by the population the artist was known as Orhan Veli before Law on Family Names of Turkey. He was a clarinetist at Mızıka-yı Hümayun, when Orhan Veli's the father got married. After announcement of Republic in Turkey however, he became the conductor of Symphony Orchestra of Presidential. Veli Kanık lived in Ankara between the years 1923-1948 because of both his this new task and he to be a professor of harmony in Musikî Muallim Mektebi (Music Teachers School) (Ankara Conservatory). Veli Bey who did also managership in Ankara Radio for a while during this period worked as a scientific board member in Istanbul Conservatory and an audio specialist in İstanbul Radio in later-years. Orhan Veli had two younger siblings from himself. These is Adnan Veli Kanık of Vatan Newspaper reporters and Füruzan Yolyapan. It is told that the poet had also a sister named Ayşe Zerrin whom died in Ankara while she was at the age of one. Orhan Veli's childhood spent in Beykoz, Beşiktaş and Cihangir. He continued to master class of Anafartalar Primary School where exists in Akarets during the truce. After a year however, he was delivered as boarding to Galatasaray High School by be removed from this school. He was circumcised at a wedding, at which Caliph Abdülmecit had organized in Yıldız Palace while was at the age of seven.


Orhan Veli was born in Istanbul. His father was a conductor of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra. His younger brother, Adnan Veli, was a well known journalist whose memoir of his time in prison on political charges, "Mahpushane Çeşmesi (The Prison Fountain)", was published in 1952. Orhan Veli studied at the Ankara Gazi High School before he started his university education which lasted one year at Istanbul University's philosophy department before dropping out in 1935. He was employed by the Ministry of Education as a translator from 1945 to 1947. Later, he worked as a freelance translator and journalist. In 1949, he helped the publication of Yaprak, a literary magazine. As also evidenced from the contents of some of his deeply humorous poetry, he was a heavy drinker. His death was due to a brain hemorrhage a few days after he fell into a pot hole on the street while intoxicated.

He is known for advocating a poetry without excessive stylistic elements and adjectives, and preferring a style closer to free-verse.[1] He is known for his unique voice, and depth of emotion underlying the seemingly easy-coming nature of his verse. His poetry is highly admired by the public as well as in academic circles.

Although howsoever he looms large with his poetries which he has written in Garip period, Orhan Veli had refrained to write "the single kind" of poetries.


  • Garip (Together with Oktay Rifat and Melih Cevdet, 1941)
  • Garip (1945)
  • Vazgeçemediğim (1945)
  • Destan Gibi (1946)
  • Yenisi (1947)
  • Karşı (1949)
  • Collected Poems (1951, 1975)


1. Güneş/Sol, Leonardo da Fonseca (trad.), (n.t.) Revista Literária em Tradução, nº 2 (mar/2011), Fpolis/Brasil, ISSN 2177-5141


  1. ^ Orga, Atesh (ed.) (2007) "Istanbul: Portrait of a City" Istanbul: A Collection of the Poetry of Place Eland, London, p. 50, ISBN 978-0-955010-59-0


External links

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