Federal monarchy

Federal monarchy

A federal monarchy is a federation of states with a single monarch as over-all head of the federation, but retaining different monarchs, or a non-monarchical system of government, in the various states joined to the federation.

As a term in political science

The term was introduced into English political and historical discourse by Edward Augustus Freeman, in his "History of Federal Government" (1863). Freeman himself thought a federal monarchy only possible in the abstract. [E.A. Freeman, "History of Federal Government", pp. 96-100. Available on [http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=9FYMAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA98&dq=%22federal+Monarchy%22#PPA100,M1 google books] .]

Federal monarchies


Historically the most important example of a federal monarchy is the German Empire of 1871-1919. The head of state of the federation was a monarch, the emperor, who was also head of state of some constituent parts to the federation as king of Prussia, while other constituent kingdoms, such as the Kingdom of Bavaria or the Kingdom of Saxony, retained their own monarchs and armies. Some of the constituent states federated to the empire, namely Bremen, Hamburg and Lübeck, were non-monarchical city-states.

The concept played a role in political debates in Italy and Austria-Hungary in the nineteenth century and in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in the twentieth, without ever being put into effect in any of these cases. [ ]


In recent years the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Spain, and Canada have been referred to as federal monarchies, although none are officially styled as such. [Ronald L. Watts, "Comparing Federal Systems". McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003. ISBN 0889118353]

Currently the term can be applied in the fullest sense to Malaysia [ [http://www.malaysianbar.org.my/constitutional_law/is_malaysia_an_islamic_state_.html?date=2007-12-01 Tommy Thomas, "Is Malaysia an Islamic State?" 2005.] ] and the United Arab Emirates, in both of which the head of state of the federation is selected from among the heads (sultans or emirs respectively) who rule the constituent states of the federation.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monarchy — For other uses, see Monarchy (disambiguation). Part of the Politics series on Monarchism …   Wikipedia

  • Federal — or foederal (archaic) may refer to:In politics: *Central gernment, the common level of government of a federation *Federal constitutional monarchy, a federation of monarchies or a federal organised monarchy *Federal district, a subdivision under… …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy of Canada — This article is about the monarchy of Canada. For information on the other countries which share the same person as monarch, see Commonwealth realm. For the current Queen of Canada, see Elizabeth II. Not to be confused with Monarchism in Canada.… …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy in the Canadian provinces — The three main bodies of the government of Alberta: The Queen of Canada (centre), her viceregal representative, the Lieutenant Governor of Alberta, then Norman Kwong (left), and her Albertan premier, then Ralph Klein (right), at the official… …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy of Belgium — King of the Belgians Monarchy Federal …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy of Australia — This article is about the monarchy of Australia. For information on the other countries which share the same monarchy, see Commonwealth realm. Queen of Australia Monarchy …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy in Quebec — Queen in Right of Quebec Monarchy Provincial/State …   Wikipedia

  • Federal Gendarmerie — The Federal Gendarmerie ( de. Bundesgendarmerie) was an Austrian federal police force. It was responsible for approximately two thirds of the population on approximately 98% of Austrian national territory, alongside the Federal Safety Guard Corps …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy of the Netherlands — Monarch of Kingdom of the Netherlands Monarchy Federal …   Wikipedia

  • Monarchy of Denmark — This article is about the history and function of the Danish monarchy as an institution. For the kingdom of Denmark itself, see Denmark. Queen of Denmark Monarchy …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.