- Recto and verso
. These are terms of art in the binding, printing, and publishing industries, and can be applied more broadly to any field where physical documents are exchanged.
The term recto-verso describes two-sided printing. It is the norm for books, but was an important advantage of the
printing-pressover the much older Asian woodblock printingmethod, which printed by rubbing from behind the page being printed, and so could only print on one side of a piece of paper.
The distinction between recto and verso can be convenient in the
annotationof scholarly books, particularly in bilingual editiontranslations.
A religious scripture that makes use of the recto and verso distinction is the
Ginza Rbaof Mandaeism, in which two separate narratives cover the opposite-facing pages.
The "recto" and "verso" terms can also be employed for the front and back of a one-sheet artwork, particularly in
drawing. A recto-verso drawing is a sheet with drawings on both sides, for example in a sketchbook—although usually in these cases there is no obvious primary side. Some works are planned to exploit being on two sides of the same piece of paper, but usually the works are not intended to be considered together. Paper was relatively expensive in the past; indeed good drawing paper still is much more expensive than normal paper.
A 2001 exhibit at
Fogg Art Museumat Harvard University displayed recto-verso drawings from the Renaissance to the present.
Obverse and reversein coins
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Recto y verso — Posición del recto y el verso en cada cara de una hoja de papel. Recto y verso son términos utilizados para los textos de dos caras: el recto es el lado frontal, mientras que el verso es el lado posterior de una hoja de papel. Los términos son… … Wikipedia Español
Recto — (lat. rectus „aufrecht, gerade, richtig“) bezeichnet die Vorderseite eines Blattes Papier, Papyrus, Pergament oder auch einer Banknote. Ursprünglich bezeichnete man damit in der Papyrologie die meist allein beschriebene Innenseite der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Verso — (lat. versus „gewendet, gedreht“) bezeichnet die Rückseite eines Blattes Papier, Papyrus, Pergament oder auch einer Banknote. Ursprünglich bezeichnete man damit in der Papyrologie die meist unbeschriebene Außenseite der Papyrusrolle, auf der die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
recto — rec‧to [ˈrektəʊ ǁ toʊ] noun [countable] 1. the page on the right hand side of a book: • The verso always carries the even page number and the recto the odd number. 2. the front of a document opposite verso * * * recto UK US /ˈrektəʊ/ noun [C] … Financial and business terms
verso — ver‧so [ˈvɜːsəʊ ǁ ˈvɜːrsoʊ] noun [countable] the page on the left hand side of a book: • The verso always carries the even page number and the recto the odd number. opposite recto * * * verso UK US /ˈvɜːsəʊ/ noun [C] FORMAL ► … Financial and business terms
recto — The front side of any work on paper. May also be the right hand page of a book. The opposite of verso. The front and rear sides of other two sided objects, such as coins, medals, or panels which have a painting on each side are more often… … Glossary of Art Terms
verso — The second or back side of any work on paper. May also be the left hand page of a book. The opposite of recto. The front and rear sides of other two sided objects, such as coins, medals, or panels which have a painting on each side are more… … Glossary of Art Terms
recto — Synonyms and related words: Epistle side, acknowledgments, back, back matter, bastard title, bibliography, catch line, catchword, colophon, conservative, contents, contents page, copyright page, decanal side, dedication, endleaf, endpaper,… … Moby Thesaurus
verso — Synonyms and related words: Gospel side, acknowledgments, back, back matter, bastard title, bibliography, cantorial side, catch line, catchword, colophon, contents, contents page, copyright page, dedication, endleaf, endpaper, endsheet, errata,… … Moby Thesaurus
Obverse and reverse — Obverse redirects here. For the concept in logic, see Obversion. For the book publisher, see Obverse Books. Roman imperial coin with the head of Tranquillina on the obverse, struck c. 241 when her marriage to Gordian III is depicted on the… … Wikipedia