Megophryidae


Megophryidae
Megophryidae
Java Spadefoot Toad (Leptobrachium hasseltii)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Amphibia
Subclass: Lissamphibia
Superorder: Batrachia
Order: Anura
Suborder: Mesobatrachia
Family: Megophryidae
Genera

About a dozen, see text

Global range (black)

Megophryidae are a large family of frogs native to the warm southeast of Asia, from the Himalaya foothills eastwards, south to Indonesia and the Greater Sunda Islands in Maritime Southeast Asia, and extending to the Philippines.[1] As of mid-2008 it encompasses approximately 70-100 species of frog divided between 12 genera. For lack of a vernacular name, they are commonly called megophryids.

The megophryids are notable for their camouflage, especially those that live in forests, which often look like dead leaves. The camouflage is accurate to the point of some having skin folds that look like leaf veins, and at least one species, the Long-nosed Horned Frog (Megophrys montana) has sharp projections extending past the eye and nose, which disguise the frog shape.[1]

Megophryids range in size from 2 centimetres (0.79 in) to 12.5 centimetres (4.9 in) in length. The adults' tongue is noticeably paddle-shaped. Their tadpoles can be found in a variety of waters, but especially ponds and streams. The tadpoles are extremely diverse in form because of the variety of habitats they inhabit.

Genera

Family Megophryinidae

References

  1. ^ a b Zweifel, Richard G. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G.. ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 88. ISBN 0-12-178560-2. 



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Megophryidae — Megophryidae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Megophryidae —   Megophryidae …   Wikipedia Español

  • Megophryidae — Asiatische Krötenfrösche Zipfelfrosch (Megophrys nasuta) Systematik Klasse: Lurche (Amphibia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Megophryidae — …   Википедия

  • Asiatische Krötenfrösche — Leptobrachium hasseltii Systematik Klasse: Lurche (Amphibia) Unterklasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Megophrys — Asian horned frog redirects here. This may also refer specifically to Megophrys montana. Megophrys Long nosed Horned Frog (Megophrys nasuta) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Leptobrachium chapaense — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • Rough Horned Frog — Conservation status Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Megophrys huangshanensis — Megophrys minor Fei, Ye Huang, 1990 Megophrys huangshanensis Conservation status Data Deficient (IUCN 3.1) Scien …   Wikipedia

  • Kobayashi's Horned Frog — Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification …   Wikipedia


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