- United States Parole Commission
The United States Parole Commission is the
parole boardresponsible to grant or deny parole and to supervise those released on parole to incarcerated individuals who come under its jurisdiction.cite web |title=Mission |url=http://www.usdoj.gov/uspc/mission.htm |publisher=U.S. Parole Commission |accessdate=2006-08-10 ] It is part of the United States Department of Justice.
The commission has jurisdiction over:
# Persons who committed a
Federal offensebefore 1987-11-01
# Persons who committed a D.C. Code offense before
# Persons who committed a
Uniform Code of Military Justiceoffense and are parole-eligible
# Persons who are serving prison terms imposed by foreign countries and have been transferred to the United States to serve their sentence
Additionally, the Commission has the responsibility to supervise two additional groups for whom they do not have parole jurisdiction
# Persons who committed a D.C. Code offense after
# Persons who have been placed on probation or paroled by a state that have also been placed in the
Federal Witness Protection Program
The first Board of Parole had three members and was established by legislation on
1930-05-13as an independent board. As a result of an order of the Attorney General, the Board began reporting directly to him in August 1945. Further legislation was passed on 1950-09-30which placed the Board under the Department of Justice.cite web |title=History of the Federal Parole System |url=http://www.usdoj.gov/uspc/history.htm |publisher=U.S. Parole Commission |accessdate=2006-08-10 ]
Congress passed the Parole Commission and Reorganization Act which took effect in May 1976. The Board was re-titled the United States Parole Commission. The Act also incorporated the regions that had been established by a prior pilot project, required explicit guidelines for decision making, required written rejections, and established an appeal process. The Comprenhensive Crime Control Act of 1984 brought major changes to the Commission. While preserving the Commission's jurisdiction over persons who committed offices prior to
1987-11-01, it established determinate sentences for federal crimes; thus federal prisoners after that date were not eligible for parole consideration.
Although the Commission was to be abolished in 1992, the life of the Commission was extended by the Judicial Improvements Act of 1990, the Parole Commission Phaseout Act of 1996, and the 21st Century Department of Justice Appropriations Authorization Act of 2002. The 1996 act required the Attorney General to report annually beginning in 1998 on whether the Commission remained cost effective. The 2002 act extended the life of the commission until November 2005.
The "United States Parole Commission Extension and Sentencing Commission Authority Act of 2005", Pub. L. No. 109-76, 119 Stat. 2035., again extended the life of the USPC until November 2008.
* [http://www.usdoj.gov/uspc/ Official website]
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