United States Parole Commission

United States Parole Commission

The United States Parole Commission is the parole board responsible to grant or deny parole and to supervise those released on parole to incarcerated individuals who come under its jurisdiction.cite web |title=Mission |url=http://www.usdoj.gov/uspc/mission.htm |publisher=U.S. Parole Commission |accessdate=2006-08-10 ] It is part of the United States Department of Justice.

The commission has jurisdiction over:
# Persons who committed a Federal offense before 1987-11-01
# Persons who committed a D.C. Code offense before 2000-08-05
# Persons who committed a Uniform Code of Military Justice offense and are parole-eligible
# Persons who are serving prison terms imposed by foreign countries and have been transferred to the United States to serve their sentence

Additionally, the Commission has the responsibility to supervise two additional groups for whom they do not have parole jurisdiction
# Persons who committed a D.C. Code offense after 2000-08-04
# Persons who have been placed on probation or paroled by a state that have also been placed in the Federal Witness Protection Program


The first Board of Parole had three members and was established by legislation on 1930-05-13 as an independent board. As a result of an order of the Attorney General, the Board began reporting directly to him in August 1945. Further legislation was passed on 1950-09-30 which placed the Board under the Department of Justice.cite web |title=History of the Federal Parole System |url=http://www.usdoj.gov/uspc/history.htm |publisher=U.S. Parole Commission |accessdate=2006-08-10 ]

Congress passed the Parole Commission and Reorganization Act which took effect in May 1976. The Board was re-titled the United States Parole Commission. The Act also incorporated the regions that had been established by a prior pilot project, required explicit guidelines for decision making, required written rejections, and established an appeal process. The Comprenhensive Crime Control Act of 1984 brought major changes to the Commission. While preserving the Commission's jurisdiction over persons who committed offices prior to 1987-11-01, it established determinate sentences for federal crimes; thus federal prisoners after that date were not eligible for parole consideration.

Although the Commission was to be abolished in 1992, the life of the Commission was extended by the Judicial Improvements Act of 1990, the Parole Commission Phaseout Act of 1996, and the 21st Century Department of Justice Appropriations Authorization Act of 2002. The 1996 act required the Attorney General to report annually beginning in 1998 on whether the Commission remained cost effective. The 2002 act extended the life of the commission until November 2005.

The "United States Parole Commission Extension and Sentencing Commission Authority Act of 2005", Pub. L. No. 109-76, 119 Stat. 2035., again extended the life of the USPC until November 2008.


External links

* [http://www.usdoj.gov/uspc/ Official website]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • United States Sentencing Commission — Die United States Sentencing Commission ist eine unabhängige Behörde innerhalb der Judikative der Vereinigten Staaten und ist für die Festlegung von bindenden Grundsätzen für die Strafbemessung an Bundesgerichten zuständig. Die Kommission… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United States Sentencing Commission — The United States Sentencing Commission is an independent agency of the judicial branch of the federal government of the United States. It is responsible for articulating the sentencing guidelines for the United States federal courts. The… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Federal Sentencing Guidelines — The Federal Sentencing Guidelines are rules that set out a uniform sentencing policy for individuals and organizations convicted of felonies and serious (Class A) misdemeanors[1] in the United States federal courts system. The Guidelines do not… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Department of Justice — For the animal rights group, see Justice Department (animal rights). Department of Justice Department overview Formed June 22, 1870 ( …   Wikipedia

  • United States Marshals Service — U.S. Marshals redirects here. For the 1998 film, see U.S. Marshals (film). United States Marshals Service Common name Marshals Service, U.S. Marshals Abbreviation USMS …   Wikipedia

  • United States Department of Justice Tax Division — Part of a series on Taxation Taxation in the United States …   Wikipedia

  • United States Deputy Attorney General — is the second highest ranking official in the United States Department of Justice. In the United States federal government, the Deputy Attorney General oversees the day to day operation of the Department of Justice, and may act as Attorney… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Department of Justice — Justizministerium Eingerichtet: 22. Juni 1870 Minister Eric Holder Stellvertreter David W. Ogden Haushalt: 22,2 Mrd (2005) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • United States Department of Justice Civil Rights Division — The U.S. Department of Justice Civil Rights Division is the institution within the federal government responsible for enforcing federal statutes prohibiting discrimination on the basis of race, sex, disability, religion, and national origin. The… …   Wikipedia

  • United States federal probation and supervised release — The life cycle of federal supervision for a defendant. United States federal probation and supervised release are imposed at sentencing. The difference between probation and supervised release is that the former is imposed as a substitute for… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.