- Groningen (province)
Infobox Dutch Province
ename = Province of Groningen
dname = Provincie Groningen
common_name = Groningen
Clicksensitive map of provinces of the Netherlands|province=Groningen
capital = Groningen
Max van den Berg
religion_year = 1999
area_land = 2,336
area_water = 623
area_rank = 8th
population_year = 2006
population = 574,042
population_rank = 9th
density = 246
density_rank = 9th
ISO = GR
website = www.provinciegroningen.nl
Groningen pronunciation|000 Groningen.ogg is the northeasternmost province of the
Netherlands. In the east it borders the German state of Niedersachsen (districts of Leer and Emsland), in the south Drenthe, in the west Frieslandand in the north the Wadden Sea. The capitalof the province is the city of Groningen.
Land use in Groningen is mainly agricultural, it has a large
natural gas fieldnear Slochteren.
Originally a part of
Frisia, Groningen became a part of the Frankish Empirearound 785. Charlemagneassigned the Christianization of this new possession to Ludger. In the 11th century, the city of Groningen was a village in Drenthethat belonged to the Bishopric of Utrecht, while most of the province was in the diocese of Münster. During the Middle Ages, central control was remote, and the city of Groningen acted as a city state, exerting a dominating influence on the surrounding Ommelanden. Around 1500, Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperorgave Groningen and Friesland to Albert, Duke of Saxony, who could however not establish permanent control. In 1514/15 Groningen came to the Duchy of Guelders, and in 1536to the Habsburg Netherlands. In 1594, Groningen was conquered by the United Netherlands, to which it belonged henceforth.
East Groningen was the scene of a particularly fierce
class strugglein the 19th and 20th centuries. Perhaps not coincidentally, Groningen boasts the only municipality (Beerta) where the Communist Party of the Netherlandshas ever had a mayor( Hanneke Jagersma).
Groningen is home to a typical Low Saxon
dialectcalled " Gronings" ("Grönnegs" / "Grunnegs" in Gronings regional language), with local nuances. Nowadays, many inhabitants of the province do not speak the dialect, especially in the city of Groningen where many outsiders have moved.
People from Groningen Province
Cornelis Dopper, conductor and composer.
Albert Eckhout, painter.
Wiebbe Hayes, a Dutch soldier and national hero in the 1600s.
Lenie 't Hart, animal rightsactivist
Jozef Israëls, painter.
Aletta Jacobs, first woman to study medicinein the Netherlands.
Freek de Jonge, cabaretartist.
Jurrie Koolhof, former football striker. Played 106 matches for PSV Eindhoven.
Gerrit Krol, writer.
* Jan Mulder, former football player. Played for
* [http://www.provinciegroningen.nl Website of the Province]
* [http://www.groningen.nl Website of the Capital City]
* [http://www.dgs.nl Alternative Website of the Capital City (Local Shops and Small Businesses)]
* [http://www.groningeninkaart.nl Map of Groningen]
* [http://www.rug.nl Website of the University]
* [http://www.hanze.nl Website of the Polytechnic]
* [http://www.sdu.nl/staatscourant/gemeentes/gemprovin.htm#GR Map of Province]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Groningen — is the name of several places:*Groningen (province), a province of the Netherlands *Groningen (city), a city in the Netherlands, capital of the province with the same name *Groningen, Suriname *Groningen, Minnesota *Groningen, MichiganSimilar… … Wikipedia
Groningen, Minnesota — Groningen is a small unincorporated community in Pine County, Minnesota, United States. Groningen is located immediately northwest of Sandstone near the intersection of Pine County 35, Pine County 28 (Groningen Road), and the former Northern… … Wikipedia
Groningen — [grō′niŋ ən; ] Du [ khrō′niŋ ən] 1. province of N Netherlands: 1,146 sq mi (2,968 sq km); pop. 558,000 2. its capital: pop. 171,000 … English World dictionary
Groningen (city) — Infobox Settlement official name = Groningen skylinesize = 225px image caption = The Martini Tower | flag size = 120px image shield = Coat of arms of Groningen.png| shield size = 120px mapsize = 280px subdivision type = Country subdivision name … Wikipedia
Groningen — /groh ning euhn/; Du. /khrddoh ning euhn/, n. a city in the NE Netherlands. 162,952. * * * ▪ The Netherlands gemeente (municipality), northern Netherlands, at the junction of the canalized Drentsche Aa and Hunze rivers and several canals.… … Universalium
Groningen (ville) — Groningue (ville) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Groningue. La ville de Groningue (en néerlandais Groningen) est la capitale de la province de Groningue, au nord des Pays Bas. Dans la province et dans des grandes parties de la province… … Wikipédia en Français
Groningen — Dutch province and also the city that serves as its capital. The province of Groningen originated during the Middle Ages as a possession of the bishop of Utrecht, consisting of the Saxoncity of Groningen and its surrounding Frisian regions (or … Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands
Province de Groningue — Groningue (province) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Groningue. Groningue Provincie Groningen … Wikipédia en Français
Groningen Airport Eelde — Infobox Airport name = Groningen Airport Eelde nativename = nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = GRQ ICAO = EHGG type = Public owner = operator = Groningen Airport Eelde NV city served = location = Groningen elevation f =… … Wikipedia
Groningen — Groningue Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Groningue (en néerlandais Groningen) peut désigner : la ville de Groningue, aux Pays Bas ; la province de Groningue dont cette ville… … Wikipédia en Français