- Dogrib language
Dogrib Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì Spoken in Canada Region Northwest Territories Ethnicity Dogrib people Native speakers 2,640 (2006) Language family Official status Regulated by No official regulation Language codes ISO 639-2 dgr ISO 639-3 dgr This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.
Dogrib, the English translation of the indigenous name Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì (IPA: [tɬʰĩtʃʰõ jatʰîː]), is a Northern Athabaskan language spoken by the First Nations Tłı̨chǫ people of the Canadian territory Northwest Territories. According to Statistics Canada in 2006, there were approximately 2,640 people who spoke Dogrib.
The Dogrib region covers the northern shore of Great Slave Lake, reaching almost up to Great Bear Lake. Rae-Edzo, now known by its Dogrib name, Behchokǫ̀, is the largest community in the Dogrib Region.
The consonants of Dogrib in the standard orthography are listed below (with IPA notation in brackets):
Bilabial Alveolar Post-
Palatal Velar Glottal central lateral plain labialized Nasal plain m /m/ n /n/ prenasalized mb /ᵐb/ nd /ⁿd/ Plosive voiced b /b/ d /d/ g /ɡ/ gw /ɡʷ/ voiceless t /t/ k /k/ kw /kʷ/ ’ /ʔ/ ejective t’ /tʼ/ k’ /kʼ/ kw’ /kʷʼ/ Affricate voiced dz /dz/ dl /dɮ/ j /dʒ/ voiceless ts /ts/ tl /tɬ/ ch /tʃ/ ejective ts’ /tsʼ/ tl’ /tɬʼ/ ch’ /tʃʼ/ Fricative voiced z /z/ zh /ʒ/ gh /ɣ/ voiceless s /s/ ł /ɬ/ sh /ʃ/ x /x/ h /h/ Approximant voiced r /ɹ/ l /l/ y /j/ w /w/ voiceless wh /ʍ/
- a /a/
- e /e/
- ı /i/
- o /o/
- ą /ã/
- ę /ẽ/
- ı̨ /ĩ/
- ǫ /õ/
- aa /aː/
- ee /eː/
- ıı /iː/
- oo /oː/
- ąą /ãː/
- ęę /ẽː/
- ı̨ı̨ /ĩː/
- ǫǫ /õː/
- nasal vowels are marked by an ogonek (called wighǫą - 'its little nose' in Dogrib) e.g., ą
- low tone is marked with a grave accent (called wets'aà - 'its hat' in Dogrib), e.g., à
- high tone is never marked
Typologically, Dogrib is an agglutinating, polysynthetic head-marking language, but many of its affixes combine into contractions more like fusional languages. The canonical word order of Dogrib is SOV. Dogrib words are modified primarily by prefixes, which is unusual for an SOV language (suffixes are expected).
In addition to verbs and nouns, there are pronouns, clitics of various functions, demonstratives, numerals, postpositions, adverbs, and conjunctions in Dogrib. The class of adjectives is very small, probably around two dozen words: most descriptive words are verbs rather than adjectives.
- Tłı̨chǫ got'ı̨ı̨̀ Tłı̨chǫ people
- tłı̨ dog
- tłı̨cho horse (literally: 'big dog')
- łıwe / łıe fish
- detʼǫ duck
- eyè egg
- ejietʼò milk
- dìga wolf
- tʼooh poplar
- deh river
- elà canoe
- dı island
- kwe rock
- sìh / shìh mount
- tı lake
- zhah snow
- chǫ / tsǫ rain
- ło smoke
- kǫ̀ house
- degoo white
- dezǫ black
- dekʼo red
 In a discussion of the words "Nohtsi Naowo" (pronounced, roughly, note-see na-whoa; meaning “God’s rule” or “God’s authority”), "Nohtsi Wek’e" (note-see wek-ay; meaning “God’s way”) and "Nohtsi K’aowo" (note-see ka-whoa), Shawn Maclellan comments: "George [Tatsiechele] explains it this way, “When someone is arguing with you on a matter that you know is true, and won’t listen to what you have to say, the only thing you can say is Nohtsi K’aowo, God is the boss!”"
- Coleman, Phyllis Young. Dogrib Phonology. Ann Arbor, Michigan, [etc.]: University Microfilms International, 1979.
- Saxon, Leslie and Mary Siemens. Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì Enįhtł'è = Dogrib Dictionary. Rae-Edzo, N.W.T.: Dogrib Divisional Board of Education, 1996.
- Saxon, Leslie and Mary Siemens. Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì Multimedia Dictionary .
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Dogrib — may refer to: Dogrib people: An Athabaskan people of the Northwest Territories, Canada Dogrib language: Their language This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal … Wikipedia
Dogrib people — Aboriginal peoples in Canada … Wikipedia
Dogrib — Dog·rib (dôgʹrĭb , dŏgʹ ) n. pl. Dogrib or Dog·ribs 1. a. A Native American people inhabiting an area between the Great Bear and Great Slave lakes in the Northwest Territories of Canada. b. A member of this people. 2. The Athabaskan language of… … Universalium
Dogrib — n. Native American people that live in the region between the Great Bear and Great Slave lakes in the Northwest Territories of Canada; member of this people; Athabaskan language spoken by the Dogrib people n. Athabaskan language spoken by the… … English contemporary dictionary
Dogrib — [ dɒgrɪb] noun (plural same or Dogribs) 1》 a member of a Dene people of NW Canada. 2》 the Athabaskan language of the Dogrib. Origin translation of Dogrib Thlingchadinne dog s flank , from the legend that their common ancestor was a dog … English new terms dictionary
dogrib — ˈdȯˌgrib sometimes ˈdäˌ noun (plural dogrib or dogribs) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: translation of Déné Thlingchadinne 1. a. : an Athapaskan people of the re … Useful english dictionary
Dogrib — noun a) A people native to the Northwest Territories of Canada. b) The Athabaskan language of this people … Wiktionary
Dogrib — ISO 639 3 Code : dgr ISO 639 2/B Code : dgr ISO 639 2/T Code : dgr ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living … Names of Languages ISO 639-3
Dogri language — Not to be confused with Dogrib language. Dogri डोगरी ڈوگرى ḍogrī Spoken in India, Pakistan Region … Wikipedia
Athabaskan language family — Athabaskan also spelled Athabascan , or (in Canada) Athapaskan , or Athapascan one of the largest North American Indian language (North American Indian languages) families, consisting of about 38 languages. Speakers of Athabaskan… … Universalium