- Gaeru of Baekje
Infobox Korean name
Gaeru of Baekje (?-166, r. 128-166) was the fourth king of
Baekje, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. According to the history compilation Samguk Sagi, he was the son of the previous king Giru.
In 132, he founded
Bukhan Mountain Fortressin present-day Goyangcity, Gyeonggi, South Korea. Baekje fought off many Goguryeo(the northern Korean kingdom) invasions from this fortress, and the 5th king Chogo based his northward campaign on it.
Baekje's relationship with the southeastern rival
Sillawas peaceful for most of his period of reign.
However, in 165, a Silla minister named
Gilseon(길선/吉宣) failed his coup d'etatattempt and fled to Baekje. Gaeru gave him refuge despite the Silla king Adalla's written request for his return. Silla subsequently attacked Baekje, and a broad war over the Sobaek Mountainsensued.
The Samguk Sagi states that Gaeru's eldest son became the 5th king Chogo and the second son became the 8th king Goi. This chronological inconsistency is thought to indicate a power struggle between two royal lines. The 21st king Gaero (also known as Geungaeru) apparently took Gaeru's name to assert the legitimacy of this lineage.
* [http://kdaq.empas.com/koreandb/history/kpeople/person_view.html?n=42 The Academy of Korean Studies]
* [http://100.naver.com/100.nhn?docid=6272 Doosan Encyclopedia]
History of Korea
List of Korea-related topics
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