- Jackson Park (Chicago)
Jackson Park is a 500 acre (2 km²) park on Chicago's South Side officially located at 6401 S.
Stony Island Avenuein the Woodlawn community area. It extends into the South Shore and Hyde Park community areas, bordering Lake Michiganand several South Side neighborhoods. Named for President Andrew Jackson, it is one of two Chicago Park Districtparks with the name Jackson, the other being Mahalia JacksonPark in the community area of Auburn Gresham on the far southwest side of Chicago.
ite of a world's fair
After the state legislature created the South Park Commission in 1869, the designers of New York's
Central Park, Frederick Law Olmstedand Calvert Vaux, were hired to lay out the convert|1055|acre|km2|sing=on park (which included the Midway Plaisanceand Washington Park). Known originally as South Park, the landscape had eastern and western divisions connected by a grand boulevard named the Midway Plaisance. The eastern division became known as Lake Park; however, in 1880 the commission asked the public to suggest official names for both the eastern and western Divisions. The names, Jackson and Washington, were proposed. In the following year, Lake Park was renamed Jackson Park to honor Andrew Jackson(1767-1845), the seventh president of the United States.
In 1890, Chicago won the honor of hosting the
World's Columbian Exposition, and Jackson Park was selected as its site. Olmsted and Chicago's architect and planner, Daniel H. Burnham, laid out the fairgrounds. A team of architects and sculptors created the "White City" of plaster buildings and artworks in Beaux-Arts style. The historic World's Fair opened to visitors on May 1, 1893. After it closed six months later, the site was transformed back into parkland. Jackson Park featured the first public golf course west of the Alleghenies, which opened in 1899. [http://www.chicagoparkdistrict.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/parks.detail/object_id/7ab82634-6f27-4d7a-b7e2-fb1820493f69.cfm]
During World War II, vandals severely damaged the Japanese Garden. The Chicago Park District waited for decades before considering repairing it. Eventually, the city of Osaka donated money for the refurbishment.
The park today
Every structure from the World's Columbian Exposition was long ago demolished or moved elsewhere, except the old Palace of Fine Arts, which is now the Museum of Science and Industry, and the Osaka Garden, a Japanese strolling garden reconstructed on its original site on the Wooded Island. (By itself the Wooded Island is considered one of "150 great places in Illinois" by the
American Institute of Architects. [cite web |url=http://www.illinoisgreatplaces.com|title=Wooded Island - Jackson Park|publisher=American Institute of Architects |accessdate=2007-05-15] ) The only other significant building that survived the fair is the Norwaypavilion, a building now preserved at a museum called " Little Norway" in Blue Mounds, Wisconsin. The full scale replica of Columbus' flagship the Santa Maríarotted in the Jackson Park lagoon, and is now located at coord|41|47|9.5|N|87|35|2.8|W|. The Art Institute also occupies a building originally constructed for the Exposition, with the intent of housing the museum upon closing of the fair, this building is the only one not located in Jackson Park.
During the summer season for the
Chicago Park District( Memorial Dayweekend through Labor Dayweekend) the Jackson Park 63rd Street Beach House and the adjacent Lake Michiganbeachfront is a destination for beachgoers. The Beach House competes with the South Shore Cultural Centerand Promontory Point as South Side beachfront special use facilities in the Park District.The park also hosts the Chicago Landmark 63rd Street Bathing Pavilionas well as the 18-hole Jackson Park Gold Course and two walking trails.
Jackson Park is connected by the
Midway Plaisanceto Washington Park (see [http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/3309.html Encyclopedia of Chicago Map] ). In accordance with a canal that Olmsted wanted built between the two parks, a long excavation was made on the Midway, but water has never been allowed in. It is connected to Grant Park by Burnham Park.
Jackson Park is home to over two dozens spieces of birds including a well-studied population of feral
Monk parakeets, descendants of pet birds that escaped in the 1960s. [http://chicagowildernessmag.org/issues/winter2003/monkparakeets.html]
Jackson Park Heights is a common neighborhood name for an area abutting Jackson Park. It received its name from a low ridge that once existed south of the present-day park.
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?f=q&hl=en&q=6401+S.+Stony+Island+Ave,+Chicago,+IL+60637&ie=UTF8&z=15&ll=41.785809,-87.589531&spn=0.028319,0.066261&t=h&om=1&iwloc=addr Google Maps]
* [http://egov.cityofchicago.org/webportal/COCWebPortal/COC_ATTACH/Community_Areas_HYDE_PARK.pdf Official City of Chicago Hyde Park Neighborhood Map]
* [http://egov.cityofchicago.org/webportal/COCWebPortal/COC_ATTACH/Community_Areas_WOODLAWN.pdf Official City of Chicago Woodlawn Neighborhood Map]
* [http://egov.cityofchicago.org/webportal/COCWebPortal/COC_ATTACH/Community_Areas_SOUTH_SHORE.pdf Official City of Chicago South Shore Neighborhood Map]
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