The Liberator

The Liberator

"The Liberator" was an abolitionist newspaper founded by William Lloyd Garrison in 1831. Garrison published weekly issues of "The Liberator" from Boston continuously for 35 years, from January 1, 1831, to the final issue of January 1, 1866. Although its circulation was only about 3,000, three-quarters of whom were African Americans, it earned nationwide notoriety for its uncompromising advocacy of "immediate and complete emancipation of all slaves" in the United States. Garrison set the tone for the paper in his famous open letter "To the Public" in the first issue.

"The Liberator" faced harsh resistance from several state legislatures: for example, distributors of the paper were subject to a $1,500 ($25,957.20 in 2005 dollars) fine in South Carolina.

"The Liberator" continued for three decades from its founding through the end of the American Civil War. Garrison ended the newspaper's run with a valedictory column at the end of 1865, when the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment abolished slavery throughout the United States.


All of the following articles were written by Garrison.
* [ "To the Public"] , Garrison's introductory column for "The Liberator", January 1, 1831.
* [ "Truisms"] , January 8, 1831.
* [ "Walker's Appeal"] , January 8, 1831.
* [ "The Insurrection"] , Garrison's reaction to the news of Nat Turner's slave rebellion in Virginia, September 3, 1831.
* [ "On the Constitution and the Union"] , December 29, 1832.
* [ "The American Union"] , January 10, 1845.
* [ "Declaration of Sentiments"] , adopted by the Boston Peace Convention September 18, 1838, reprinted in "The Liberator", September 28, 1838.
* [ "Abolition at the Ballot Box"] , June 28, 1839.
* [ "The American Union"] , January 10, 1845.
* [ "The Tragedy at Harper's Ferry"] , Garrison's first public comments on John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, October 28, 1859.
* [ "John Brown and the Principle of Nonresistance"] , the transcript of a speech given for a meeting in the Tremont Temple, Boston, on December 2, 1859, the day that John Brown was hanged, printed December 16, 1859.
* [ "The War_Its Cause and Cure"] , May 3, 1861.
* [ "Valedictory: The Final Number of "The Liberator"] , Garrison's closing column for "The Liberator", December 29, 1865.


*cite book
last = Streitmatter
first = Rodger
title = Voices of Revolution
publisher = Columbia University Press
date = 2001
location = New York
pages = pp. 21–35
id = ISBN 0-231-12249-7

* [ The Liberator Files] , Horace Seldon's collection and summary of research of "The Liberator" original copies at the Boston Public Library, Boston, Massachusetts.

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