- British Rail Class 14
British Rail Class 14 Class 14 no. D9526 (as preserved),
at Williton on the West Somerset Railway (2009)
Power type Diesel-hydraulic Builder British Railways’ Swindon Works Order number Swindon Lots 456 and 460 Build date 1964–1965 Total produced 56 Configuration 0-6-0 UIC classification C Gauge 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) Standard gauge Wheel diameter 4 ft 0 in (1.219 m) Locomotive weight 48.50 long tons (49.3 t) Prime mover Paxman Ventura 6YJXL Transmission Voith L217U hydraulic Top speed 40 mph (64 km/h) Power output Engine: 650 hp (485 kW) Tractive effort 30,910 lbf (137.5 kN) Train brakes Vacuum Career British Rail
National Coal Board
Number D9500–D9555 Nicknames Teddy Bear Axle load class RA 4
The British Rail Class 14 is a type of small diesel-hydraulic locomotive built in the mid-1960s. Twenty-six of these 0-6-0 locomotives were ordered in January 1963, to be built at British Railways Swindon Works. The anticipated work for this class was yard shunting, trip work (between local yards) and short distance freight trains. The order was expanded to 56 in mid-1963, before work had started on the first order.
In July 1964, the first of a class of 56 locomotives appeared from Swindon Works. These were later designated as TOPS Class 14 by British Railways. They are known as 'Teddy Bears' by enthusiasts, following a comment by Swindon Works' foreman George Cole who quipped "We've built the Great Bear, now we're going to build a Teddy Bear!".
In outline they resembled the Clayton Type 1 (Class 17) locomotives, having a cab which was nearly central with bonnets at each end, but with a fixed 0-6-0 wheel configuration rather than bogies as seen on all the other Type 1 classes. The locomotives were powered by a Paxman 6 cylinder Ventura 6YJXL engine producing 650bhp (484kW), connected to a Voith L217U hydraulic transmission and Hunslet gearbox. The axles were connected by coupling rods and driven by a jackshaft located under the cab, between the second and third axles.
Operations and preservation
The Class 14s, like many other early types of diesel, had an extremely short life with British Railways, in this case not because of poor reliability but because many of its envisaged duties disappeared on the BR network a few years after they came into use. Most were resold for industrial use, where the vast majority had a working life of two to three times that with British Railways. Unfortunately the industries in which they were employed, such as coal mining, declined during the 1970s and the class again became surplus to requirements, but several have found a third lease of life on preserved lines where they are ideal for both light passenger work and the maintenance of permanent way.
Unusually, D9504 was leased in 2005 from its preservation group and found itself in revenue-earning service on the newest mainline in the UK – High Speed 1 (known as the Channel Tunnel Rail Link during construction) – mainly in marshalling and stabling the 450 metre, 22-wagon concrete-pumping train on the final stretch to St.Pancras Station.
D9524 was re-powered under the ownership of BP Grangemouth - it was later re-powered again under the ownership of the Scottish RPS who, following BR practice, gave it a number of 14 901. It now operates with a Rolls-Royce DV8TCE (640 bhp). This engine may have been originally installed in one of the two Rolls-Royce engined Class 17 Claytons.
The last locomotive built, D9555, is notable as the final locomotive to be built for British Rail at Swindon Works, in 1965; today the locomotive is privately-owned and operates on the Dean Forest Railway, Gloucestershire, its original route.
Key: Preserved Scrapped Exported Depot codes Code Depot 50B Hull Dairycoates CF Cardiff Canton LE Swansea Landore Loco Final depot Industrial career Dates Disposal D9500 CF NCB Ashington 11/69—? Preserved at Peak Rail D9501 CF - - Scrapped at C F Booth, Rotherham (6/68) D9502 CF NCB Ashington 07/69—? Preserved by Heritage Shunters Trust D9503 50B BSC Harlaxton
Scrapped at BSC Corby (09/80) D9504 50B NCB Philadelphia
Preserved: normally at Kent & East Sussex Rly D9505 50B APCM Hope, Derbyshire 09/68—05/75 Exported to Bruges, Belgium (05/75) D9506 CF - - Scrapped at Arnott Young Ltd., Parkgate (05/68) D9507 50B BSC Corby 11/68—09/82 Scrapped at BSC Corby (09/82) D9508 LE NCB Ashington 03/69—01/84 Scrapped at D. Short, North Shields (01/84) D9509 CF - - Scrapped at G Cohen Ltd., Kettering (11/70) D9510 50B BSC Buckminster
Scrapped at BSC Corby (08/82) D9511 50B NCB Ashington 11/68—07/79 Scrapped at NCB Ashington (07/79) D9512 50B BSC Buckminster
Scrapped at BSC Corby (02/82) D9513 CF Arnott Young Ltd., Parkgate
Preserved at Embsay & Bolton Abbey Steam Railway D9514 CF NCB Ashington 07/69—12/85 Scrapped at NCB Ashington (12/85) D9515 50B BSC Buckminster
Exported to Charmartin, Madrid, Spain (07/82) D9516 50B BSC Corby 11/68—10/81 Preserved at Wensleydale Railway D9517 CF NCB Ashington 11/69—01/84 Scrapped at D. Short, North Shields (01/84) D9518 CF NCB Ashington 06/69—??/87 Preserved at Nene Valley Railway D9519 CF - - Scrapped at G Cohen Ltd., Kettering (11/70) D9520 50B BSC Corby 12/68—03/81 Preserved at Nene Valley Railway D9521 LE NCB Ashington 03/70—11/84 Preserved at Dean Forest Railway D9522 CF - - Scrapped at Arnott Young Ltd., Parkgate (05/68) D9523 50B BSC Corby 12/68—10/81 Preserved at Derwent Valley Light Railway, York D9524 LE BP Grangemouth 07/70—9/81 Preserved: currently at the Gwili Railway D9525 50B NCB Philadelphia
Preserved by Heritage Shunters Trust D9526 CF APCM Westbury 01/70—4/80 Preserved at West Somerset Railway D9527 CF NCB Ashington 07/69—01/84 Scrapped at D. Short, North Shields (01/84) D9528 CF NCB Ashington 03/69—12/81 Scrapped at D. Short, North Shields (12/81) D9529 50B BSC Buckminster
BSC Corby (as No. 61)
Preserved - normally at Kent & East Sussex Rly D9530 CF Gulf Oil Co.Ltd., Waterston
NCB Tower Colliery
Scrapped at NCB Tower Colliery (08/82) D9531 CF Arnott Young Ltd., Parkgate
Preserved at East Lancashire Railway D9532 50B BSC Corby 11/68—02/82 Scrapped at BSC Corby (02/82) D9533 50B BSC Corby 12/68—09/82 Scrapped at BSC Corby (09/82) D9534 50B APCM Hope, Derbyshire 10/68—05/75 Exported to Bruges, Belgium (05/75) D9535 CF NCB Burradon
11/70 — 01/76
09/80 — 01/84
Scrapped at NCB Ashington (01/84) D9536 LE NCB Ashington 03/70—12/85 Scrapped at NCB Ashington (12/85) D9537 50B BSC Corby 11/68—11/82 Preserved at Rippingale, Lincolnshire D9538 LE Shell-Mex & BP Ltd., Shellhaven
BSC Ebbw Vale
Scrapped at BSC Corby (09/82) D9539 50B BSC Corby 10/68—02/83 Preserved at Ribble Steam Railway D9540 50B NCB Philadelphia
Scrapped at D. Short, North Shields (01/84) D9541 50B BSC Harlaxton
Scrapped at BSC Corby (08/82) D9542 50B BSC Corby 12/68—08/82 Scrapped at BSC Corby (08/82) D9543 50B - - Scrapped at C F Booth, Rotherham (11/68) D9544 50B BSC Corby 11/68—09/80 Scrapped at BSC Corby (09/80) D9545 50B NCB Ashington 11/68—07/79 Scrapped by D. Short, North Shields (07/79) D9546 50B - - Scrapped at C F Booth, Rotherham (11/68) D9547 50B BSC Corby 12/68—08/82 Scrapped at BSC Corby (08/82) D9548 50B BSC Harlaxton
11/80 — 07/82
Exported to Charmartin, Madrid, Spain (07/82) D9549 50B BSC Corby
Exported to Charmartin, Madrid, Spain (07/82) D9550 50B - - Scrapped at C F Booth, Rotherham (11/68) D9551 50B BSC Corby 12/68—06/81 Preserved at Royal Deeside Railway D9552 50B BSC Buckminster
Scrapped at BSC Corby (09/80) D9553 50B BSC Corby 11/68—? Preserved at Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway D9554 50B BSC Corby 11/68—08/82 Scrapped at BSC Corby (08/82) D9555 LE NCB Burradon
03/70 — 02/75
Preserved at Dean Forest Railway
Hattons commissioned Danish company Heljan to produce a limited run in OO gauge in three liveries. Since then they have announced plans for further examples, still in limited numbers, but in a wider variety of liveries. Graham Farish will also be producing an example in N Gauge. In 2011 a 7 1/4" model of D9522 won best locomotive and best model in show at the national model engineering exhibition in Harrogate.
- McManus, Michael. Ultimate Allocations, British Railways Locomotives 1948 - 1968. Wirral. Michael McManus.
British railway locomotives and miscellany, 1948 to present Diesel shunters Diesel shunters
Main-line diesels: Main-line diesels
Departmental Prototypes Ships
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