County Fermanagh


County Fermanagh
County Fermanagh
Contae Fhear Manach
Coontie Fermanagh

Coat of arms
Motto: Feor Magh Eanagh
Country United Kingdom
Region Northern Ireland
Province Ulster
County seat Enniskillen
Area
 – Total 652.9 sq mi (1,691 km2)
Area rank 25th
Population (est.) 57,527
 – Rank 28th[1]
Contae Fhear Manach is the Irish name; Countie Fermanagh,[2] Coontie Fermanagh[3] and Coontie Fermanay[4] are Ulster Scots spellings (the latter used only by Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council).

County Fermanagh (from Irish: Fear Manach meaning "men of Manach") is the only one of six counties that form Northern Ireland, situated in the north of the island of Ireland to not adjoin Lough Neagh. Lying within the historical province of Ulster, it is also one of the thirty-two traditional counties of Ireland.

The county covers an area of 1,691 km² (653 sq; mi), with a population of approximately 57,527, with Enniskillen its county town. It is a mainly rural landscape.

It is one of four counties of Northern Ireland presently to have a majority of the population from a Catholic background, according to the 2001 census.


Contents

Geography

Fermanagh borders County Tyrone to the north-east, County Monaghan to the south-east, County Cavan to the south-west, County Leitrim to the west and County Donegal to the north-west.

The county is situated mostly in the basin of the River Erne. It is approximately 120 km (75 mi) from Belfast and 160 km (99 mi) from Dublin.

History

The Annals of Ulster which cover medieval Ireland between AD 431 to AD 1540 were written at Belle Isle on Lough Erne near Lisbellaw.

Fermanagh was a stronghold of the Maguire clan and Donn Carrach Maguire (died 1302) was the first of the chiefs of the Maguire dynasty. However on the confiscation of lands relating to Hugh Maguire, Fermanagh was divided in similar manner to the other five escheated counties among Scottish and English undertakers and native Irish. The baronies of Knockinny and Maghenaboy were allotted to Scottish undertakers, those of Clankelly, Magherastephana and Lurg to English undertakers and those of Clanawley, Coole, and Tyrkennedy, to servitors and natives. The chief families to benefit under the new settlement were the families of Cole, Blennerhasset, Butler, Hume, and Dunbar.

Fermanagh was made into a county by statute of Elizabeth I, but it was not until the time of the Plantation of Ulster that it was finally brought under civil government.

Administration

Fermanagh District Council is the only one of the 26 district councils in Northern Ireland that contains all of the county it is named after. The district council also contains a small section of County Tyrone in the Dromore and Kilskeery road areas.

Fermanagh is part of the Fermanagh and South Tyrone Parliamentary Constituency, renowned for high levels of voting and for electing Provisional IRA hunger-striker Bobby Sands as a Member of Parliament in the Fermanagh and South Tyrone by-election, April 1981, shortly before his death.

Industry and tourism

Agriculture and tourism are two of the most important industries in Fermanagh. The main types of farming in the area are beef, dairy, sheep, pigs and some poultry. Most of the agricultural land is used as grassland for grazing and silage or hay rather than for other crops.

The waterways are extensively used by cabin cruisers, other small pleasure craft and anglers. The main town of Fermanagh is Enniskillen (Inis Ceithleann, 'Ceithleann's island'). The island town hosts a range of attractions including the Castle Coole Estate and Enniskillen Castle, which is home to the museum of The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers and the 5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards.

Attractions outside Enniskillen include:

Fermanagh Orangeism

The Orange Institution is a Protestant fraternal organisation which has almost 100 lodges in Fermanagh. It consists of approximately 2200 male members and 300 female members.

Settlements

Large towns

(population of 18,000 or more and under 75,000 at 2001 Census)[11]

  • none

Medium towns

(population of 10,000 or more and under 18,000 at 2001 Census)[11]

Small towns

(population of 4,500 or more and under 10,000 at 2001 Census)[11]

  • none

Intermediate settlements

(population of 2,250 or more and under 4,500 at 2001 Census)[11]

Villages

(population of 1,000 or more and under 2,250 at 2001 Census)[11]

Small villages or hamlets

(population of less than 1,000 at 2001 Census)[11]

Subdivisions

Baronies

Baronies of County Fermanagh within Northern Ireland with civil parish boundaries

Parishes

Townlands

Media

Newspapers

Radio

New Media

  • Fermanagh.tv

Sport

Fermanagh born Goalkeeper Roy Carroll playing with Derby County.

Fermanagh GAA has never won an Senior Provincial or an All-Ireland title in any Gaelic games.

No Fermanagh clubs take part in the Northern Ireland football league system. Fermanagh clubs play in the Fermanagh & Western FA league systems. Famous Football players from Fermanagh include Roy Carroll, Harry Chatton and Kyle Lafferty.

Notable people

Famous people born, raised in or living in Fermanagh. (Please make additions in alphabetical order.)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://cain.ulst.ac.uk/ni/popul.htm Background Information on Northern Ireland Society – Population and Vital Statistics
  2. ^ North-South Ministerial Council: 2004 Annual Report in Ulster Scots
  3. ^ Tourism Ireland: 2007 Yearly Report in Ulster Scots
  4. ^ Dungannon & South Tyrone Borough Council (Ulstèr-Scotch)
  5. ^ For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy March 14, 1865.
  6. ^ Census for post 1821 figures.
  7. ^ http://www.histpop.org
  8. ^ http://www.nisranew.nisra.gov.uk/census
  9. ^ Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A.. Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press. 
  10. ^ Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/120035880/abstract. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "Statistical classification of settlements". NI Neighbourhood Information Service. http://www.ninis.nisra.gov.uk/mapxtreme_towns/statistical%20classification.htm. Retrieved 23 February 2009. 
  12. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

References

  • Clogher Record
  • "Fermanagh" A Dictionary of British Place-Names. A. D. Mills. Oxford University Press, 2003. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Northern Ireland Public Libraries. 25 July 2007
  • "Fermanagh" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2007. Encyclopædia Britannica Online Library Edition. 25 July 2007 <http://library.eb.co.uk/eb/article-9034047>.
  • Fermanagh: its special landscapes: a study of the Fermanagh countryside and its heritage /Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland. – Belfast: HMSO, 1991 ISBN 0-337-08276-6
  • Livingstone, Peadar. – The Fermanagh story:a documented history of the County Fermanagh from the earliest times to the present day – Enniskillen: Cumann Seanchais Chlochair, 1969.
  • Lowe, Henry N. – County Fermanagh 100 years ago: a guide and directory 1880. – Belfast: Friar's Bush Press, 1990. ISBN 0-946872-29-5
  • Parke, William K. – A Fermanagh Childhood. Derrygonnelly, Co Fermanagh: Friar's Bush Press, 1988. ISBN 0-946872-12-0
  • Impartial Reporter
  • Fermanagh Herald

External links


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