- Local Multipoint Distribution Service
LMDS is a
broadband wirelessaccess technology governed by the IEEEand is outlined by the 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee through the efforts of the IEEE 802.16.1 Task Group.
LMDS commonly operates on
microwavefrequencies across the 26GHz and 29GHz bands. In the United States, frequencies from 31.0 through 31.3 GHz are also considered LMDS frequencies.
LMDS was conceived as a broadband, fixed wireless,
point-to-multipointtechnology for utilization in the last mile.
Throughput capacity and reliable distance of the link depends on common radio link constraints and the modulation method used - either
phase-shift keyingor amplitude modulation. In general deployment links of up to 5 miles (8 km) from the base station are possible, but distance is typically limited to about 1.5 miles due to rain fadingattenuation constraints. Point-to-pointsystems are also capable of using the LMDS frequencies and can reach slightly farther distances due to increased antenna gain.
LMDS History and Outlook: United States
LMDS showed great promise in the late 1990s. It became known as "wireless cable" for its potential to enable competition with the
cable televisioncompanies for broadband video to the home. The Federal Communications Commissionauctioned spectrum for LMDS in 1998 and 1999.
Despite its early potential and the hype that surrounded the technology, LMDS was slow to find commercial traction. This is mostly attributable to the telecommunications and technology bubble bursting at the time when LMDS was maturing as a concept and LMDS hardware was just starting to come to market. Many equipment vendors simply abandoned their LMDS product portfolios. LMDS is currently in commercial deployment with [http://www.nextlink.com/ Nextlink Wireless] in the United States.
Many industry watchers believe that the window for LMDS has closed, with the technology having been superseded by several market forces and technologies.
First of all, most homes are already reached by at least one broadband technology -- generally either
DSLor cable internet. Furthermore, major telecommunications companies (notably Verizon Communications) have been aggressive about deploying technologies such as IPTVand fiber to the premises. Moreover, LMDS has been surpassed in both technology and commercial potential by the new WiMaxstandard. ( Sprint Nextelhas announced a major commitment to WiMax.)
Alcatel: 7390 LMDS Solution
Ericsson: MINI-LINK BAS and Beewip
* Hughes: AIReach
Nokia: AIReach OEM
* Siemens: WALKair3000 OEM
Vyyö: Wireless Hub V3000, uses DOCSISstandard adapter to wireless technology.
* [http://www.lmdswireless.com/faq.html LMDS Frequently Asked Questions]
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