- Lew Grade
Lew Grade, Baron Grade (25 December 1906–13 December 1998), born Lev Winogradsky, was an influential
showbusiness impresarioand televisioncompany executive in the United Kingdom. His interests included Pye Recordsand ATV.
He was born in Tokmak,
Ukraine, to Olga and Isaac Winogradsky. In 1912 the Jewish family fled the Russian pogromsto a new life in the East End of London. Isaac managed a cinema, while his three sons attended the Rochelle Street School in Bethnal Green, near Shoreditch, where Yiddishwas spoken by 90% of the pupils. For two years they lived in rented rooms at the north end of Brick Lane, then moved to the nearby Boundary Estate[ [http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=22752 'Bethnal Green: Building and Social Conditions from 1876 to 1914', A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 11: Stepney, Bethnal Green (1998), pp. 126-32] accessed: 14 November 2006.] . At 15 Louis became an agent for a clothing firm, and shortly afterwards started his own business. But after he won a Charleston competition at the Royal Albert Hallin 1926, he became a professional dancer under the name Lew Grade. In 1933, he founded a talent agency with his brother, Bernard.
At his 50th wedding anniversary party after being toasted by all in the room, he rose to address the gathering with a story. Early in the days of the talent agency, he and his brother shared an office on Wardour Street in London. The office was small with one telephone. As the brothers did not have enough money for a secretary, it was impossible for them ever to have lunch together. One day, Lew Grade was alone in the office when a man came in. He said, "I am a comedian." Lew Grade said, "Well, make me laugh." The routine was very amusing and after, he said to the man, "There's an opening at the Palladium tonight at 8:30 for 50 pounds. Our fee is 5 pounds." The man, very exciting, reached into his pocket and all he had was a 10 pound note. He threw it on the table and ran out. Lew Grade said, "I learned my first lesson in business ethics that day: should I tell my brother?"
His two brothers,
Leslie Gradeand Bernard Delfont, were also show business impresarios and his nephew, Michael Grade, carried on the tradition. Michael was Chairman of the BBCfrom 2004 to 2006 and became executive chairman of ITV plcon 8 January 2007.
A sister to Lew, Leslie and Bernie, Rita (1924–1992) was born in the UK, by which time the family was living in
Streatham, south London. She married a Twickenhamdoctor, Joe Freeman (1912–1979), in 1949. They had two sons, Ian Freeman (1950–), a PR consultant and freelance journalist, and Andrew Freeman (1962–), a corporate accountant.
In the 1950s, as Britain prepared for commercial
televisionalongside the dominant BBC, Grade had been approached by manager Mike Nidorfinto the formation of a company for a bid of the new ITVnetwork. Gathering several connections, including impresario Val Parnell, the Independent Television Company was formed to bid for a spot. Although initially rejected due to its size and potential power, it eventually joined with the Associated Broadcasting Development Company to form Associated TeleVision, which gained ITV bids for both London and Midlands. However, Grade would get his first taste of creating programming for an international audience with "The Adventures of Robin Hood", commissioned by an American producer, yet produced in Britain. Its eventual success would lead Grade to a drive to create and produce for the world, leading to later accusations of making TV "for Birmingham, Alabama, not Birmingham, England." and ATV's eventual downfall in 1981. "Private Eye" regularly referred to Grade as "Low Greed".
Lew Grade is best known by viewing audiences as the man responsible for a number of cult British TV series through his
ITC Entertainmentproduction company. These shows included "The Saint", " The Persuaders!" (both starring Roger Mooreprior to his international fame as James Bond), and two of the most famous works of Patrick McGoohan: " Danger Man" (also known as "Secret Agent" in the US) and " The Prisoner". In 1962 he purchased independent production house AP Films, co-founded by Gerry Anderson, which produced a string of popular children's marionette adventure series including "Supercar", "Stingray", "Thunderbirds", " Captain Scarlet and the Mysterons", " Joe 90", three feature films, and the live-action sci-fi series "UFO" and "". Although supportive of the produced shows, the consistent drive for success at home and abroad led to various artistic differences for Grade with McGoohan and Anderson, leading to the departure of both.
In the mid-1970s, Grade approached American puppeteer
Jim Henson, who was in need of assistance for a new television program. Henson wanted to create a new TV variety show starring his Muppetcharacters in the United States, but had been dismissed by the American networks for merely being part of children's shows like " Sesame Street". CBSalmost agreed to holding the show, but only if it aired during a syndicated block of its programming and if it were produced by someone else. After watching one of Henson's pilots and recalling a special made in one of his studios, Grade decided to let Henson create his show in England and distribute it through ATV (in the United Kingdom to the ITV network) and ITC (for the United States and worldwide distribution). Grade's action was instrumental in bringing " The Muppet Show" to the screen in 1976 and led to its wide success on both sides of the Atlantic and around the world. Henson chose to immortalize the great producer through the character Lew Lord (played by Orson Welles) in " The Muppet Movie". Some also speculate Muppet Dr. Bunsen Honeydewis also a caricature of Grade.
Jesus of Nazareth
His other successes as a producer included the award-winning "Jesus of Nazareth" (1977), starring
Robert Powell- ironically, as Grade was Jewish (as, of course, was the title character). Grade had unique success in selling to the American market. The mini-series secured a record breaking $12m. He also promoted extravagant 'quality' productions on ATV to prove its equal to BBC TV, for instance giving over a whole evening schedule to a live broadcast of " Tosca" from La Scalastarring Maria Callas.
Grade's professional life had also intertwined with the famed British rock group
The Beatlesduring two of their most crucial periods. In 1963, after tough negotiation with Lew's brother Leslie Grade to do so, they performed on the ATV show " Sunday Night at the London Palladium" as a Royal Variety Performancefor Queen Elizabeth II. This was a big moment for the rising band prior to their appearance on The Ed Sullivan Showand the start of Beatlemania. But when Grade crossed paths with the group again in 1969, it was under much less friendly terms. Grade and ATV Music Publishing bought majority share in Northern Songs, the company that owned nearly all of the Beatles' works. After a fierce battle, Grade and ATV won control of the company while controlling any other song works by Paul McCartneyand John Lennonbetween 1964 and 1971. ( George Harrisonbroke from Northern Songs prior to Grade's acquisition.) ATV would retain control of Northern Songs until 1985, when the company sold the songs to a more controversial owner: Michael Jackson.
In 1975, Grade and ITC released the film "
The Return of the Pink Panther" into theaters with assistance of United Artistsand with director Blake Edwardsand Peter Sellersin his role of Inspector Clouseau. Originally conceived as a TV series, Grade saw the potential of reviving the Pink Panther film franchise by turning it into a motion picture. Although there was tremendous controversy with Grade turning the project into a movie, a compromise was eventually made where United Artists would distribute the film in the United States while ITC would distribute for the rest of the world. When the Pink Panther film was a huge hit, it not only revived the franchise (which UA would resume on its own), but also made Grade move into films, hoping to have the same success as he had in television. While having notable films and modest successes in this period, the biggest success would come through 1979's " The Muppet Movie", partially tied to his successful deal with Jim Henson and the popularity of " The Muppet Show". Keeping his ideas about class alongside showmanship, Grade would also become the producer of Ingmar Bergmanfilms " Autumn Sonata" and " From the Life of the Marionettes". Other notable films of the period include other co-releases such as " The Boys From Brazil" with 20th Century Foxstarring Laurence Olivierand Gregory Peckand Stanley Donen's " Movie Movie" with Warner Brothers.
In 1980, Grade backed an expensive 'all-star' film version of
Clive Cussler's best-seller " Raise the Titanic". Released the same year as " The Empire Strikes Back", the middle of the original " Star Wars" trilogy, RTT flopped as audience tastes had changed. In his typical Jewish chutzpahGrade himself remarked that "It would have been cheaper to lower the Atlantic"Fact|date=February 2007. This and other expensive duds--including " Saturn 3" (also 1980) and " Legend of the Lone Ranger" (released the following year)--marked the end of Grade's involvement with major motion picture production. Amazingly, several of the most critically acclaimed films produced by Grade would come out after the disaster of "Raise the Titanic": the Academy Award-winning films "On Golden Pond" and "Sophie's Choice", as well as cult classic " The Dark Crystal", which was the final project Jim Hensoncreated in association with Grade and ITC.
After ITC and beyond
In 1980, three events would end up diminishing Grade's star in the production and entertainment world:
Jim Henson's decision to end " The Muppet Show" after a successful five year run, the bombing of " Raise the Titanic", and a decision during the ITVdetermination for the Midlands region effective 1 January 1982 that ATV could keep their license under the condition that they remove their connection with Grade and ITC Entertainment. (eventually leading to their rebrand as Central Television) He eventually stepped down from the company that he had led since the 1950s as it was put through a series of partnerships and mergers. Grade eventually was brought in by Norman Learto head the film unit of Embassy Picturesbut was never as influential or successful as he was during his long history in British television and film. (even though he sat through the distribution of important and influential films such as " Blade Runner" and " This Is Spinal Tap".) He was also a producer of Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical " Starlight Express".
By the mid-1990s, Grade once again returned to ITC, to head the company that he had created for one last time until his death.
He was made a
life peeras Baron Grade, of Elstreein the County of Hertfordshirein 1976, having been knighted in 1969. He chose Elstree as his territorial designationnot after the famous Elstree Studios, known at one time as "Britain's Hollywood", but because ATV's studios were also located there, although actually both are located in Borehamwood.
Lew Grade would have been 100 years old on
Christmas Day2006. To celebrate his life, BBC Radio 2 produced two one-hour shows which were transmitted at 10pm on 24 and 25 December. The shows were hosted by Sir Roger Mooreand featured interviews with Lady Grade, Lew's niece Anita Land and nephews Michael Grade CBE and Ian Freeman, plus a host of stars.
*Commenting on his expensive flop, "
Raise the Titanic": "It would have been cheaper to lower the Atlantic."
*"Marriage was the best business deal I ever made. After that, "Jesus of Nazareth" and "The Muppets"."
*From Sir Roger Moore - "Anyone who is 88 and can still jump up on the table and do The Charleston...that speaks volumes!"
*"All my shows are great. Some of them are bad, but they are all great."
*"Only twelve apostles? Didn't I tell you I want this thing to be big, big, big!" (To Franco Zefirelli, on the set of 'Jesus of Nazareth')
*"I have a very good sense of what audiences want and expect from movies and television. That's because I'm one of them."
*When asked the answer to 'What is two plus two': "Are you buying or selling ?"
*imdb name|id=0333528|name=Lew Grade
* [http://www.raisethetitanic.com/movie/misc_wp/media_publications/last_of_a_kind_the_sinking_of_lew_grade.html An article on how "Raise the Titanic!" ruined Lew Grade's film ambitions]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Lew Grade — Lew Grade, Baron Grade (eigentlich: Louis Winogradsky; * 25. Dezember 1906 in Tokmak, Oblast Saporischschja, Ukraine; † 13. Dezember 1998 in London, England) war ein britischer Filmproduzent ukrainischer Herkunft. Biografie Louis Winogradsky… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Grade of Elstree, Lew Grade, Baron — ▪ 1999 British impresario (b. Dec. 25, 1906, Tokmak, Ukraine, Russian Empire d. Dec. 13, 1998, London, Eng.), was a flamboyant, indefatigable motion picture, theatrical, and television producer who was one of the most influential… … Universalium
GRADE, LEW, BARON — (1906–1998), British managing director of television networks. Born in Russia, son of Isaac Winogradsky, Grade grew up in England and went into the entertainment industry. He acquired interests in radio, television, and film companies, and in… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Lew — may refer to:* Village of Lew, Oxfordshire *River Lew, in Devon, England *An ancient manor now within the parish of Northlew, Devon *Lew (locomotive) narrow gauge locomotive of the Lynton and Barnstaple Railway *Jud Lew *It is the usual shortened … Wikipedia
Grade — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Chaim Grade (1910–1982), litauischer Schriftsteller Hans Grade (1879–1946), deutscher Flugzeugkonstrukteur Lew Grade (1906–1998), britischer Filmproduzent Michael Grade (* 1943), britischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Grade — NOTOC Grade may refer to:In education* Grade (education), a teacher s evaluation of a student s performance * Grade level, the numbering of the year a student has reached in school.In civil engineering* Grade (slope), the pitch of a slope such as … Wikipedia
Lew Schneider — (* 18. Juli 1961 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina) ist ein US amerikanischer Fernsehproduzent, Drehbuchautor, Schauspieler und Stand up Comedian. Karriere Im Herbst 1989 begann Schneider seinen ersten regulären Job beim Fernsehen als Gastgeber der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Lew Schneider — (born July 18, 1961 in Chapel Hill, North Carolina) is an Emmy Award winning American television producer, writer, actor, and stand up comedian.Schneider grew up in Brookline, Massachusetts, graduating from Brookline High School in 1979. [Beggy,… … Wikipedia
Grade, Lew, Baron Grade of Elstree — ▪ British theatrical producer original name Lewis Winogradsky born Dec. 25, 1906, Tokmak, Russia died Dec. 13, 1998, London, Eng. Russian born British motion picture, television, and theatrical producer. The son of a Jewish tailor s … Universalium
Lew Wallace High School — Infobox high school imagesize = 75px image caption = Lew Wallace High School crest name = Lew Wallace High School established = 1926 type = Public faculty = 105 (approximate) principal = Mr. Marcus D. Murphy enrollment = 1000 (approximate) city … Wikipedia