Heavyweight


Heavyweight

Heavyweight is a division, or weight class, in boxing. Fighters who weigh over 200 pounds (14 st 4 lb/91 kg) are considered heavyweights by the major professional boxing organizations, including the International Boxing Federation, [cite web|url=http://www.ibf-usba-boxing.com/pdf_temp/pdf2EF6.tmp.pdf |publisher=International Boxing Federation |title=IBF Rankings posted Monday. 30th of July 2007 |quote=Heavyweight (Over 200 lb) |format=PDF |accessdate=2007-08-11] the International Boxing Organization, [cite web |url=http://www.iboboxing.com/ibo_championship_rules_and_regulations.html |work=IBO Championship Rules & Regulations |title=4. Weight Classes |quote=Heavyweight Over 200 lbs. |publisher=International Boxing Organization |accessdate=2007-08-11] the World Boxing Association, [cite web |url=http://www.wbaonline.com/legal/LegalStatements/worldchampionships.pdf |work=World Bpxing Association World Championships Regulations |title=11. Weight Category |quote=Heavy More than 200 Lbs. |publisher=World Boxing Association |accessdate=2007-08-11] , the World Boxing Council, [cite web |url=http://www.wbcboxing.com/WBCboxing/Portal/cfpages/contentmgr.cfm?docId=94&docTipo=4&orderby=docid&sortby=ASC |title=Ratings Heavyweight (over 200-90.719) |publisher=World Boxing Council |accessdate=2007-08-11] and the World Boxing Organization. [cite web |url=http://www.wbo-int.com/revised/WBORulesReg04APR07.pdf |publisher=World Boxing Organization |work=Regulations of World Championship Contests |title=3. Weight Classes |quote=Heavyweight Over 200lbs or 90.91 kg.|format=pdf |accessdate=2007-08-11]

Because this division has no weight limit, it has been historically vaguely defined. In the 19th century, for example, many heavyweight champions weighed 170 pounds (12 st 2 lb, 77 kg) or less (although others weighed 200 pounds and more). In 1920, the minimum weight for a heavyweight was set at 175 pounds (12 st 7 lb, 79 kg), which today is the light heavyweight division maximum. Today, for most boxing organizations, the maximum weight for a cruiserweight is 200 pounds. Thus, a fighter whose weight is over 200 lb may not fight as anything but a heavyweight

It is impossible to say who the "first" heavyweight champion was, since the sport of boxing goes back as far as recorded history and there have always been large fighters. Even in the bare-knuckle era, "champions" were plentiful. Some of the most notable of these included the slave Tom Molineaux, Jack Slack, Jem Belcher, Ben Caunt and Jem Mace.The first heavyweight champion under the Marquess of Queensberry rules was John L. Sullivan, known as "The Boston Strong Boy." He weighed around 200 pounds when in shape and was a bare-knuckle champion. He was defeated by Jim Corbett on September 7, 1892, in 21 rounds.

It should also be noted that in recent years, the heavyweight title has become fractured amongst various sanctioning organizations, and so what was once known as the single "Heavyweight Champion," is now referred to as the "Undisputed Champion" as the one fighter that has defeated all the other titlists.

Olympic champions

The weight limit for the heavyweight class has varied over the years. Currently the division weight paramaters encompass anyone above 81 kg to 91 kg (179 pounds to 201 pounds) [http://www.olympic.org/uk/sports/programme/disciplines_uk.asp?DiscCode=BX] . Formerly, this division allowed anyone above 178 pounds to fight as a heavyweight. However, in 1984, the super heavyweight class was introduced as the unlimited category. That division is for fighters who weigh over 91 kg.

* 1904 – flagIOCathlete|Samuel Berger|USA|1904 Summer
* 1908 – flagIOCathlete|Albert Oldman|GBR|1908 Summer
* 1920 – flagIOCathlete|Ronald Rawson|GBR|1920 Summer
* 1924 – flagIOCathlete|Otto von Porat|NOR|1924 Summer
* 1928 – flagIOCathlete|Arturo Rodríguez|ARG|1928 Summer
* 1932 – flagIOCathlete|Santiago Lovell|ARG|1932 Summer
* 1936 – flagIOCathlete|Herbert Runge|GER|1936 Summer
* 1948 – flagIOCathlete|Rafael Iglesias|ARG|1948 Summer
* 1952 – flagIOCathlete|Ed Sanders|USA|1952 Summer
* 1956 – flagIOCathlete|Pete Rademacher|USA|1956 Summer
* 1960 – flagIOCathlete|Franco De Piccoli|ITA|1960 Summer
* 1964 – flagIOCathlete|Joe Frazier|USA|1964 Summer
* 1968 – flagIOCathlete|George Foreman|USA|1968 Summer
* 1972 – flagIOCathlete|Teófilo Stevenson|CUB|1972 Summer
* 1976 – flagIOCathlete|Teófilo Stevenson|CUB|1976 Summer
* 1980 – flagIOCathlete|Teófilo Stevenson|CUB|1980 Summer
* 1984 – flagIOCathlete|Henry Tillman|USA|1984 Summer
* 1988 – flagIOCathlete|Ray Mercer|USA|1988 Summer
* 1992 – flagIOCathlete|Félix Savón|CUB|1992 Summer
* 1996 – flagIOCathlete|Félix Savón|CUB|1996 Summer
* 2000 – flagIOCathlete|Félix Savón|CUB|2000 Summer
* 2004 – flagIOCathlete|Odlanier Solis Fonte|CUB|2004 Summer
* 2008 – flagIOCathlete|Rakhim Chakhkiev|RUS|2008 Summer

Professional champions

*List of heavyweight boxing champions

Taekwondo

Kickboxing heavyweight

*International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) Heavyweight (Pro & Amateur) 195.1 lb to 215 lb (88.7 kg to 97.7 kg).

ee also

*Boxing
*Boxing weight classes
*List of current world boxing champions

References


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  • heavyweight — heavyweight; su·per·heavyweight; …   English syllables

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