- Second Sacred War
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Second Sacred War
449 BC– 448 BC
territory=No territory change
Phocisin its former sovereign rights on the oracleof Delphi.
commander2=The Second Sacred War took place between
449 BC- 448 BCand resulted in an indirect confrontation between Athens and Spartaduring the so-called First Peloponnesian War.
The war erupted when Sparta detached
Delphifrom Phocisand rendered it independent, handing it back to the Delphians.M. Dillon, "Pilgrims and Pilgrimage in Ancient Greece", 51] The Athenians were however champions of the Phocians. Thereby, in 448 BC, Pericles led the Athenian army against Delphi, in order to reinstate Phocis in its former sovereign rights on the oracleof Delphi. [Thucydides, I, [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0199;query=chapter%3D%23112;layout=;loc=1.111.1/ 112] and Plutarch, "Pericles", [http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/cgi-bin/ptext?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0182&query=chapter%3D%23166&layout=&loc=Per.%2020.1/ XXI] ] Immediately after the Spartans had left, they recaptured Delphi and handed it back to the Phocians.
According to M. Dillon, the military actions of both Sparta and Athens were quick and effective and there is no evidence that they affected pilgrims consulting the oracle.
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