Rugao (zh-cp|c=如皋|p=Rúgāo) is a city of Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China, located in the Golden Triangle region in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River. It is one of the historical and cultural city of Jiangsu province.

Rugao is a world famous longevity city with more than two hundred centenarian residents. It is particularly well-known due to the highest long-life population ratio among the six longevity locations in China, and it is also the only one located in the coastal plain and in an industrial region.

Rugao is also famous for its kites, potted landscapes, flowers and trees. It is the largest distributing center in east China.


Rugao is one of the oldest towns to appear in the Yangtze triangle. About 2000 years ago, a small coastal town named Rugao Port was established. In 441, the 7th year of the Yixi Era of Eastern Jin Dynasty, Rugao county was first founded.

During Sui Dynasty, the county was merged into Ninghai county. In the Wude Era of Tang Dynasty, Ninghai county was renamed Hailing county. In the era of Republic of China, Rugao became the largest county in China.

In 1940, Rugao was divided along the Tongyang Canal into two parts: Ruxi county and Rudong county. In September 1945, Rugao county was reestablished.

On June 1, 1990, with approval of the State Council, Rugao city was founded, which went into effect in 1991.


*Total area: 1,477 km²
*Population: 1.4528 million
*Districts: 23 towns with 532 administrative villages


*Shuihui Garden (built in the Wanli Era of Ming Dynasty);
*Tinghui Temple (first built in 591, 11th year of Sui Dynasty, rebuilt in the Wanli Era of Ming Dynasty);
*Lingwei Taoist Temple (built in 1111).

Local celebrities

*Henry Lee, criminologist

External links

* [ Rugao government]
* [ Rugao City English guide] (Jiangsu.NET)
* [ China flowers-trees online]
* [ China longlife online]

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