- Charleville, Queensland
Royal Flying Doctor Service Office
Population: 3,278 Postcode: 4470 Coordinates: Coordinates: Elevation: 293.5 m (963 ft) Location: LGA: Murweh State District: Warrego Federal Division: Maranoa Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall 28.6 °C
Charleville ( //) is a town in south western Queensland, Australia, 758 kilometres by road west of Brisbane (the Queensland capital). It is the largest town and administrative centre of the Murweh Shire, which covers an area of 43,905 square kilometres. Charleville is situated on the banks of the Warrego River, and is the terminus for the Warrego Highway.
The first European exploration of the area was conducted by Edmund Kennedy in 1847. A hotel was built in 1865, and a town began to grow to service the region. It was situated near Gowrie's Crossing, a permanent waterhole, now on the outskirts of the modern town. Gowrie Station had been established around the crossing along a natural stock route, for the grazing of sheep and cattle. The town was gazetted in 1868 with very wide streets to enable bullock teams of up to 14 pairs to turn with their wagons. Members of the Roma based Skinner family established a store in the town in 1872 that became known as the Warrego Stores.
Cobb and Co, the legendary Australian stagecoach company, established a coach building business in the town in 1886, however, the railway arrived in 1888, beginning the long demise of coach transport in the area.
In 1902 Charleville was the location of an unsuccessful attempt by Clement Lindley Wragge to fire cannons into the clouds in order to break a drought. The cannons used remain on display in Charleville today.
Charleville was also one of the compulsory stop over/check points during the London to Melbourne MacRobertson Air Race in 1934. The winners of the great race were Tom Campbell Black and C. W. A. Scott. Their triumph was reported in Time Magazine as:
"Scott and Black, keeping up their sensational pace, flashed into Charleville, refueled, sped toward the finish where waiting thousands cheered their progress, reported over loudspeakers. With one motor dead, with only two hours sleep since leaving England, the Britons triumphantly set their scarlet torpedo down in Melbourne at 3:34 p.m. In 71 hr. 1 min. 3 sec. - Just under three days - they had flown halfway around the world."
Proximity to the Warrego River was problematic. In April 1990, major floods hit western Queensland, with Charleville being badly affected. Floodwaters peaked at 8.54 metres, over 1,000 homes were inundated, and almost 3,000 persons evacuated. More recently, the district suffered flooding again in 1997, 2008 and March 2010.
There is a children's book called "The Flood Grungies" it is written by Michelle Sheehan and illustrated by Donna Reynolds. It is about the notorious Charleville floods and features the Cosmos centre, the water tower and other famous landmarks.
Charleville has several tourist attractions, including a museum of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, a historical museum, wildlife sanctuary (including a bilby reserve), and the Cosmos Centre. It was also enshrined in music by Slim Dusty in his country music song "Charleville."
- Peter Everett, Australian television presenter
- Luke Capewell, Rugby League Player (Gold Coast Titans)
- Daryl Beattie, Australian television motor sports commentator and former professional motorcycle racer
- ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Charleville (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL312200&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- ^ Finn, J. T., One Hundred Years 1847-1947 Charleville (Charleville, 1947), p. 32
- ^ Wagner, Clair, Frontier Town - Charleville 1865-1901 (Bollarong Publications, Brisbane, 1991) p.27
- ^ Time Magazine, October 29, 1934, Vol.XXIV, No.18
- ^ "Charleville waits for floods to peak". The Sydney Morning Herald. 2008-01-17. http://news.smh.com.au/charleville-waits-for-floods-to-peak/20080117-1mgz.html. Retrieved 2008-01-20.
- ^ "Qld flood crisis far from over". ABC News. 3 March 2010. http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/03/02/2834504.htm. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- ^ Charleville Historical Museum
- ^ Cosmos Centre
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
Charleville (Queensland) — Charleville Staat: Australien Bundesstaat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charleville (Queensland) — 26° 24′ S 146° 15′ E / 26.4, 146.25 … Wikipédia en Français
Charleville Airport — IATA: CTL – ICAO: YBCV … Wikipedia
Charleville (Begriffsklärung) — Charleville ist der Name mehrerer Orte bzw. Gemeinden: Stadt in der irischen Grafschaft Cork, siehe Charleville Stadt im australischen Bundesstaat Queensland, siehe Charleville (Queensland) Ortsteil von Banatsko Veliko Selo Geographische Objekte… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charleville — can refer to: Charleville, County Cork, a town in Ireland Charleville railway station Charleville GAA Charleville (Parliament of Ireland constituency) Charleville, Queensland, a town in Australia Charleville, Marne, a commune in Marne, France… … Wikipedia
Queensland Rail — Type government owned corporation Industry Rail transport Founded 1865 … Wikipedia
Charleville — ▪ Queensland, Australia town, south central Queensland, Australia. It lies along the Warrego River at an elevation of 974 feet (297 metres). The town was settled in 1842 and named for Charleville (Ráth Luirc), Ireland. It developed as a… … Universalium
Charleville — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Charleville peut se rapporter à : Charleville, une ancienne ville des Ardennes en France, maintenant Charleville Mézières depuis 1966, Charleville,… … Wikipédia en Français
Queensland Rugby League South West Division — The South West Division of the Queensland Rugby League is responsible for administering the game of rugby league in southern Queensland from Toowoomba west to the border. It is also responsible for the Toowoomba Clydesdales team in the Queensland … Wikipedia
Toowoomba, Queensland — Infobox Australian Place | type = city name = Toowoomba state = QLD caption = Location of Toowoomba in Queensland (red) pop = 95,265 (Census 2006) |pop footnotes=Census 2006 AUS|id=UCL356800|name=Toowoomba (Urban… … Wikipedia