Eleanor F. Helin


Eleanor F. Helin

Eleanor Francis Helin is an American astronomer, who retired in 2002. She was principal investigator of the Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) program of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Some sources give her name as Eleanor Kay Helin.

Helin has discovered or co-discovered 872 asteroids, including the first two Aten asteroids: 2062 Aten and 2100 Ra-Shalom; the Apollo asteroids 4660 Nereus, 4769 Castalia and others; various Amor asteroids; three Trojan asteroids including 3240 Laocoon; and 9969 Braille.

She also discovered or co-discovered comets, including periodic comets 111P/Helin-Roman-Crockett, 117P/Helin-Roman-Alu and 132P/Helin-Roman-Alu.

Helin is credited as the discoverer of the object now known as both asteroid 4015 Wilson-Harrington and comet 107P/Wilson-Harrington. Although Wilson and Harrington preceded her by some decades, their observations did not establish an orbit for the object, while her rediscovery did.

Asteroid 3267 Glo is named for her ("Glo" is Helin's nickname).

Helin has been active in planetary science and astronomy at the California Institute of Technology and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for over three decades. In the early 1970s, she initiated the Palomar Planet-Crossing Asteroid Survey (PCAS) from Palomar Observatory. This program is responsible for the discovery of thousands of asteroids of all types including more than 200 in high inclination orbits, other rare and unique orbital types of asteroids, 20 comets, and approximately 30 percent of the near-earth asteroids discovered worldwide.

Helin organized and coordinated the International Near-Earth Asteroid Survey (INAS) during the 1980s, encouraging and stimulating worldwide interest in asteroids. In recognition of her accomplishments, she has received NASA's Exceptional Service Medal. The 1997 JPL Award for Excellence was presented to Helin in recognition of her leadership of the Near-Earth Asteroid (NEAT) program. She has also received NASA's Group Achievement Award for the NEAT Team.

After conducting the PCAS photographic search program from Palomar for nearly 25 years, Helin concentrated on a new, upgraded search program using electronic sensors on a large aperture telescope: NEAT. She is the principal investigator for this program operating from JPL.

In operation since December 1995, NEAT is the first autonomous observing program; no JPL personnel are on-site, only the JPL Sunspark computer which runs the observing system through the night and transmits the data back to JPL each morning for team member review and confirmation. NEAT has detected over 26,000 objects, including 31 near-earth asteroids, two long period comets and the unique object, 1996 PW, the most eccentric asteroid known (e = 0.99012940), which moves in a long-period (4110.50 a), comet-like orbit (semi-major axis 256.601 AU).

External links

* [http://www.witi.com/center/witimuseum/womeninsciencet/1998/061298.shtml Women in Science & Technology Month 1998 June 12] , WITI museum


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  • Eleanor F. Helin — Eleanor Francis Helin est une astronome américaine, partie en retraite en 2002. Elle était la responsable principale du programme Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) du Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) de la NASA. Certaines sources orthographient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleanor F. Helin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Biografía Eleanor Francis Helin es una astrónoma estadounidense que organizó y coordinó el International Near Earth Asteroid Survey (INAS) durante la década de 1980. Principal investigadora del programa Near Earth… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eleanor Francis Helin — (19 novembre 1932 25 janvier 2009[1]) était une astronome américaine. Elle était la responsable principale du programme Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) du Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) de la NASA. Certaines sources orthographient son… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleanor Helin — Eleanor F. Helin Eleanor Francis Helin est une astronome américaine, partie en retraite en 2002. Elle était la responsable principale du programme Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) du Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) de la NASA. Certaines… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eleanor Helin — Eleanor Francis „Glo“ Helin (* 19. November 1932; † 25. Januar 2009[1]) war eine US amerikanische Astronomin, die zahlreiche Asteroiden[2] und Kometen entdeckt hat. Helin arbeitete für das Near Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) Programm der NASA am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Helin — ist ein weiblicher Vorname in Estland, der Türkei und im arabischen Sprachraum in Estland: die estnische Version des griechischen Namens Helene und bedeutet helene = Fackel, helios = Sonne. der Familienname folgender Personen: Eleanor Helin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 111P/Helin-Roman-Crockett — Infobox Comet name=111P/Helin Roman Crockett discoverer=Eleanor F. Helin Ron HelinBrian P. Roman Randy L. Crockett discovery date=January 5, 1989 designations=1988 XIII epoch=March 6, 2006 semimajor=4.041 AU perihelion=3.474 AU aphelion=4.607 AU… …   Wikipedia

  • 117P/Helin-Roman-Alu — Infobox Comet name=117P/Helin Roman Alu discoverer=Eleanor F. Helin Brian P. Roman Jeff Alu discovery date=October 2, 1989 designations=1987 XXXVII epoch=March 6, 2006 semimajor=4.08 AU perihelion=3.037 AU aphelion=5.123 AU eccentricity=0.2556… …   Wikipedia

  • 132P/Helin-Roman-Alu — Infobox Comet name=132P/Helin Roman Alu discoverer=Eleanor F. Helin Brian P. Roman Jeff Alu discovery date=October 26, 1989 designations=1989 XVI; 1997 N2 epoch=March 6, 2006 semimajor=4.094 AU perihelion=1.924 AU aphelion=6.264 AU eccentricity=0 …   Wikipedia

  • 152P/Helin-Lawrence — Infobox Comet name=152P/Helin Lawrence discoverer=Eleanor F. Helin Kenneth J. Lawrence discovery date=May 17, 1993 designations=1993 XI; 2001 Y1 epoch=March 6, 2006 semimajor=4.496 AU perihelion=3.108 AU aphelion=5.884 AU eccentricity=0.3087… …   Wikipedia


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