- High-speed rail in Turkey
Turkish State Railwaysstarted building high-speed raillines in 2003. The first line, which has a length of 533 km from Istanbul( Turkey's largest metropolis) via Eskişehirto Ankara(the capital) is under construction and will reduce the travelling time from 6–7 hours to 3 hours 10 minutes. The first phase of this project, the Ankara- Eskişehirline which has a length of 245 km and some 1h 05m of projected travel time. Trials began on April 23, 2007 but revenue earning service has yet to commence. The rest of the project, the Eskişehir- İstanbulline, is scheduled to be completed by 2009; including the Marmaray tunnel ( Bosporusundersea railway tunnel) which will establish the first ever railway connection between Europeand Anatolia, and eventually Asia.
High-speed rail lines
The construction of the
Ankara- Konyaline (300km) began in 2006. A travel time of 70 minutes is projected for this track, which will also be connected with the Ankara- Eskişehirline in Polatlı.
Other projected high speed rail lines include:
Ankara- Afyon- Uşak- İzmir(branching from the Ankara-Konya line)
Ankara- Yozgat- Sivas
Ankara- Kayseri(branching from the Ankara-Sivas line)
Istanbul- Bursa(branching from the İstanbul-Ankara line)
Ankara- Bursa(branching from the İstanbul-Ankara line)
Sivas- Erzincan- Erzurum- Kars
Konya- Mersin( - Adana)
Istanbul- Kapıkule(Bulgarian border)
High-speed train sets
The commercial high speed trains are expected to reach top speeds of 250-300 km/h (155-186 mph) on these tracks.
The first ten TCDD HT65000 high-speed train sets were purchased from CAF of Spain, and have a maximum speed of 250 km/h. In addition, two
ETR 500train sets, which can reach a top speed of 300 km/h, have been rented from Italy and were used for testing the first completed part of the high speed railway network, between Eskişehirand Ankara, on April 23, 2007. [ [http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/ankara/6389114.asp?gid=140 Hürriyet: Hızlı tren artık raylarda] ]
For further sets to be used on new planned tracks and the current ones under construction, a joint enterprise (
EUROTEM) between the South Korean ROTEMand Turkish TÜVASAŞhas been established, and a factory in Adapazarı, Sakarya Provincehas been constructed to licence build the HSR-350xtrains which can reach a maximum speed of 352.4 km/h.
References and notes
* [http://www.tcdd.gov.tr TCDD: Turkish State Railways]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BqeKh9D1gFE Video: Ankara High Speed Rail Central Terminal]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mOchwSLJTZE Video: High Speed Rail line between Afyon and İzmir]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0673FK7xaYs Video: High Speed Rail line between Polatlı and Afyon]
* [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DUP9UcSdwcY Video: High Speed Rail line between Ankara and Sivas]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
High-speed rail in Europe — High speed rail is emerging in Europe as an increasingly popular and efficient means of transportation. The first high speed rail lines in Europe, built in the 1980s and 1990s, improved travel times on intra national corridors. Since then,… … Wikipedia
High-speed rail in China — This article is about high speed rail in the People s Republic of China. For high speed rail in the Republic of China (Taiwan), see Taiwan High Speed Rail. High speed rail (HSR) trains in China A China Railways CRH1 train in Guangzhou. CRH1 is… … Wikipedia
New York high-speed rail — High speed rail in New York has been a topic that is consistently discussed among legislators, political leaders and in particular, several past governors since the 1990s, but thus far little progress has been made. In his campaign speeches prior … Wikipedia
Haramain High Speed Rail Project — Red line is the Haramain High Speed Rail Project. in western Saudi Arabia other Saudi Railway Organization Projects: Orange is the functional line as of 2008. Dark blue is the Saudi Landbridge. Green is the North South Rai … Wikipedia
Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line — [v · d · … Wikipedia
Madrid–Seville high-speed rail line — Technical Line length 471,8 km Track gauge 1435 mm Minimum radius Standard: 4000 m; Absolute: 3250 m Electrification 25 kV, 50 … Wikipedia
Córdoba–Málaga high-speed rail line — Málaga Córdoba high speed rail line marked in blue. Nuevo Acceso Ferroviario a Andalucía … Wikipedia
Madrid–Levante high-speed rail line — Facade of Valencia North Station. The Madrid Levante high speed line connects Madrid with the Mediterranean coast of the Levante Region, specifically with Castile La Mancha, the Valencian Community and the Murcia Region autonomous communities.… … Wikipedia
Cologne–Frankfurt high-speed rail line — Cologne Frankfurt high speed railway Route number: 472 Line number … Wikipedia
Madrid–Valladolid high-speed rail line — The Madrid–Valladolid high speed rail line (Spanish language: Línea de Alta Velocidad Madrid Segovia Valladolid) opened for commercial service on 23 December 2007 and is the first instalment of a high speed rail corridor in the north and… … Wikipedia