George Darwin


George Darwin

Infobox Scientist
name = Sir George Howard Darwin, FRS
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image_width = 240px
caption = Sir George Howard Darwin
birth_date = birth date|1845|07|09
birth_place = Down House, Downe, Kent, England
death_date = death date and age|1912|12|07|1845|07|09
death_place = Cambridge, England
residence =
citizenship =
nationality =
ethnicity =
field = astronomy and mathematics
work_institutions =
alma_mater = Cambridge
doctoral_advisor = Edward John Routh
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes = Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1892
footnotes =

Sir George Howard Darwin, F.R.S. (July 9 1845 – Cambridge, December 7 1912 [GRO Register of Deaths: DEC 1912 3b 552 CAMBRIDGE - George H. Darwin, aged 67] ) was an English astronomer and mathematician, the second son and fifth child of Charles and Emma Darwin.

Biography

Darwin was born at Down House. He studied under Charles Pritchard, went on to study at Trinity College Cambridge, where his tutor was Edward John Routh, was admitted to the bar, but returned to science. In 1883 he became Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at the University of Cambridge.

He studied tidal forces involving the Sun, Moon, and Earth, and formulated the fission theory of Moon formation. [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9029407/Sir-George-Darwin Britannica.com: Sir George Darwin] ]

He won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1892, and also later served as president of that organization.

Darwin married Martha (Maud) du Puy of Philadelphia. They had two sons and two daughters:
* Gwen Raverat (1885-1957), artist.
* Charles Galton Darwin (1887-1962), physicist.
* Margaret Elizabeth Darwin (1890-1974), married Sir Geoffrey Keynes.
* William Robert Darwin (1894-1970)

References

Works by G. H. Darwin

* " [http://www.archive.org/details/tideskindredphen00darwuoft The tides and kindred phenomena in the solar system] " (Boston, Houghton, 1899)
* " [http://www.archive.org/details/problemsconnecte00darwrich Problems connected with the tides of a viscous spheroid] " (London, Harrison and Sons, 1879-1882)
* " [http://www.archive.org/details/scientificpapers01darwrich Scientific papers (Volume 1)] : Oceanic tides and lunar disturbances of gravity" (Cambridge : University Press, 1907)
* " [http://www.archive.org/details/scientificpapers02darwrich Scientific papers (Volume 2)] : Tidal friction and cosmogony." (Cambridge : University Press, 1908)
* " [http://www.archive.org/details/scientificpapers03darwrich Scientific papers (Volume 3)] : Figures of equilibrium of rotating liquid and geophysical investigations." (Cambridge : University Press, 1908)
* " [http://www.archive.org/details/scientificpapers04darwrich Scientific papers (Volume 4)] : Periodic orbits and miscellaneous papers." (Cambridge : University Press, 1911)
* " [http://www.archive.org/details/scientificpapers05darwrich Scientific papers (Volume 5)] Supplementary volume, containing biographical memoirs by Sir Francis Darwin and Professor E. W. Brown, lectures on Hill's lunar theory, etc..." (Cambridge : University Press, 1916)

External links

*
* [http://www.stephenjaygould.org/library/modern-science/chapter28.html "The Genesis of Double Stars"] - by George Darwin, from A.C. Seward's [http://www.stephenjaygould.org/library/seward_modern-science.html "Darwin and Modern Science"] (1909).
* [http://www.nahste.ac.uk/cgi-bin/view_isad.pl?id=GB-0237-Sir-Archibald-Geikie-Gen-524-14&view=basic details of correspondence]

Persondata
NAME=Darwin, George
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Darwin, George Howard
SHORT DESCRIPTION=English astronomer, mathematician
DATE OF BIRTH=1845-07-09
PLACE OF BIRTH=Down House, Downe, Kent, England
DATE OF DEATH=1912-12-07
PLACE OF DEATH=


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