- Pala, California
Pala is an Indian Reservation where many Native people live, and is located in
San Diego County, Californianear Fallbrook. It is east of Carlsbad in the San Diego-Carlsbad metro area. In the National Geographic Names Databaseit is officially cataloged as feature number 1661174. The community is in ZIP Code 92059, and inside area code 760.
The community name may be derived from the Native American Cupeno or Luiseo language group term "pal," meaning "water." Another possible origin of the name is the Spanish word "pala," which means "shovel."
The community is in the Pacific time zone. Pala is at an altitude of 404 feet, located at latitude coord|33|21|55|N|117|04|36|W (33.365N, longitude 117.075W).
Pala was known for its mineral resources, including
goldand tourmaline. Numerous gem mines were established in 1890s, of which more than twenty are listed in the [http://www.mindat.org/rloc.php?loc=Pala+District%2C+San+Diego+Co.%2C+California%2C+USA] Minedat database. Gem mines in the Pala District still produce tourmaline, with the pink variety as the regional specialty.
Dowager EmpressCixi of Qing Dynastyhighly prized the pink tourmaline mined in Pala. Under her influence, China's appetite for this gem created a boom in the California tourmaline industry after 1902, particularly at the Himalaya mine, ending in 1911, shortly after the Empress died in 1908.
Pala was the site where
morganiteberyl was first discovered. It was also discovered in 1902 as the first commercially significant deposit of kunzite, named after George F. Kunz, the godfather of gemology.
Mission San Antonio de Pala
Pala Indian Reservation
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