Dauphin, Manitoba


Dauphin, Manitoba
City of Dauphin
The Watson Arts Centre was built in 1905 to house the town hall, fire station and RCMP detachment.
Nickname(s): City of Sunshine,
City of Dauphin is located in Manitoba
City of Dauphin
Location of Dauphin in Manitoba
Coordinates: 51°08′58″N 100°02′58″W / 51.14944°N 100.04944°W / 51.14944; -100.04944
Country Canada
Province Manitoba
Region Parkland
Established 1898
Government
 - City Mayor Eric Irwin
 - Governing Body Dauphin City Council
 - MP (Dauphin-Swan River-Marquette) Robert Sopuck
 - MLA (Dauphin-Roblin) Stan Struthers
Area
 - Total 12.68 km2 (4.9 sq mi)
Elevation 268 m (968 ft)
Population (2006)
 - Total 7,906
 - Density 624.9/km2 (1,618.5/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Website City of Dauphin

Dauphin (French for Dolphin, see Dauphin of France) is a small city in Manitoba, Canada, with a population of 7,906 as of 2006.[1] The nearby lake was given the name "Dauphin" by the explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye in 1741 in honour of the heir to the French throne. Settlers began arriving in the area in 1883 and two early settlements, Gartmore and "Old Dauphin" were established.[2] With the coming of the railway in 1896 - the railline ran roughly halfway between the two villages - settlement shifted to the present site. The coming of the railroad also coincided with the beginning of Ukrainian settlement in the Dauphin area. Before that time, most arrivals had been of British extraction.

Incorporated as a village in 1898 and as a town in 1901, Dauphin became an important centre for the transportation of grain. Farming still plays a central role in the economy of the area, but its role has been greatly reduced. The current mayor of Dauphin is Eric Irwin, a Lawyer. Conservative Robert Sopuck has been the Member of Parliament for the Dauphin-Swan River-Marquette riding since November 2010. New Democrat Stan Struthers is the current Member of the Legislative Assembly and is the Minister of Conservation for the Province of Manitoba. Dauphin plays host to several summer festivals, including Dauphin's Countryfest, Canada's National Ukrainian Festival, and Jesus Manifest.

According to the 1996 Canadian census, Ukrainians constitute the largest single ethnic group in the City of Dauphin, with 41.04% of the city's population. Almost 26% of the city's population claim to be able to speak the Ukrainian language. In terms of other ethnic origins, 24.17% of the residents claim English ancestry, 17.61% claim Scottish ancestry, and 12.3% claim Irish ancestry. Approximately 10% of the population claim Aboriginal origin.[3]

Dauphin is near Riding Mountain National Park which is south of the city and served by PTH 10. The city is surrounded by the Rural Municipality of Dauphin.

In the 1970s, a federally funded pilot project called Mincome sought to provide a guaranteed minimum income to residents of Dauphin.

Contents

Transportation

The historic Dauphin Canadian Northern Railway Station was built in 1912 and is Manitoba Provincial Heritage Site No. 100.

Ground

The city is served by Manitoba Provincial Trunk Highways:

Air

Dauphin Airport serves the Dauphin area.

Rail

Dauphin has an active Canadian National (CN) line that is also used by Via Rail. Via Rail trains call at the Dauphin railway station.

Sports

Dauphin is a hockey community. A new recreation complex, called Credit Union Place, was recently built (2006). This facility is the home of the Dauphin Kings, an MJHL Junior A hockey team. The Kings are Turnbull Memorial Trophy winners, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1983, 1993, and 2010. The Kings are also Anavet Cup winners of 2010. Formerly, the team played in the Dauphin Memorial Community Centre (D.M.C.C.) arena that was built after the Second World War. Dauphin and the Kings have recently been award the privilege of hosting the Royal Bank Cup in 2010, which is the Canadian National Championship for Junior A Hockey. This "once-in-a-lifetime" opportunity will require many hours of volunteer effort, as well as local sponsorship and support.

Dauphin has a rich baseball history, senior teams The Dauphin Redbirds, then later the Dauphin Brewers, both have claimed numerous provincial titles.

Dauphin high schoolers also play a big part of the athletics of Dauphin. They've won many awards and medals. These teams include Volleyball, Track and Field, Basketball, Broomball, Curling, Football, and Hockey.

A Dauphin rink composed of curlers Ab Gowanlock, Jim Williams, Art Pollon and Russ Jackman won the Brier, the Canadian men's curling championship, in 1953.

Location

Dauphin is located in western Manitoba near both Duck Mountain Provincial Park and Riding Mountain National Park. Dauphin is also just west of both Lake Manitoba and Dauphin Lake as well as south of Lake Winnipegosis.

Demographics

Dauphin had a population of 7,906 people in 2006, which was a decrease of 2.2% from the 2001 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Dauphin was $35,527, which is below the Manitoba provincial average of $47,875.[4]

Climate

Climate data for Dauphin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
13.9
(57.0)
24.2
(75.6)
35.2
(95.4)
39.2
(102.6)
37.2
(99.0)
36
(97)
37.8
(100.0)
37.8
(100.0)
31.1
(88.0)
22.2
(72.0)
12.3
(54.1)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−7.8
(18.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
9.5
(49.1)
18.2
(64.8)
22.4
(72.3)
24.9
(76.8)
24.2
(75.6)
17.5
(63.5)
10.4
(50.7)
−0.9
(30.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
8
Daily mean °C (°F) −17.3
(0.9)
−13.4
(7.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
3.1
(37.6)
11
(52)
15.8
(60.4)
18.4
(65.1)
17.3
(63.1)
11.3
(52.3)
4.7
(40.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
−14.4
(6.1)
2
Average low °C (°F) −22.6
(−8.7)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−12
(10)
−3.3
(26.1)
3.7
(38.7)
9.1
(48.4)
11.9
(53.4)
10.4
(50.7)
5
(41)
−1.1
(30.0)
−10.2
(13.6)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−4
Record low °C (°F) −43.3
(−45.9)
−44.4
(−47.9)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−3.9
(25.0)
0.6
(33.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
−9.4
(15.1)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−44.4
(−47.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 17.5
(0.689)
13.2
(0.52)
25.3
(0.996)
28.2
(1.11)
54.3
(2.138)
87.1
(3.429)
75.9
(2.988)
60.4
(2.378)
67.6
(2.661)
36.1
(1.421)
22.1
(0.87)
20.1
(0.791)
507.7
(19.988)
Source: Environment Canada[5]

Local media

Newspapers
  • Dauphin Herald [3]
Radio
Television

Notable residents

  • Barry Trotz, head coach of the National Hockey League's Nashville Predators, was born and raised in Dauphin.
  • James Ball competed for Canada in the 1928 Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam, Netherlands in the 400 metres where he won the Silver medal.
  • Erving Goffman (1922–1982), acclaimed sociologist and author of The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life, grew up in Dauphin.
  • His sister, Frances Bay, also attended school in Dauphin. She is a well-known actress in TV and films, perhaps best known as the "Marble Rye Lady" on Seinfeld.
  • Lt.-Col. William George Barker, VC, Canada's most decorated serviceman, was born in Dauphin in 1894. The Dauphin airport and a school are named after him.
  • Theodore Arthur Burrows (1857–1929), sometime MLA and MP for Dauphin, served as Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba from 1926 until his death.
  • Dauphin businessman Robert Hawkins served as Speaker of the Manitoba Legislature from 1937 until 1949.
  • James Langstaff Bowman (1879–1951), a Dauphin lawyer, was the first Manitoban to be Speaker of the House of Commons.
  • Laurie MacKenzie, born and resided in Dauphin until age 19, guitarist for The Guess Who.
  • Bif Naked (born Beth Torbert on June 15, 1971), a Juno Award-winning Canadian rock singer-songwriter, poet, cartoonist, and actress attended Dauphin Regional Comprehensive Secondary School in the 1980s.
  • Colby Robak, NHL prospect currently in the Florida Panthers farm system.
  • Troy Westwood, longtime CFLer for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers.
  • Helen Frances Marsh (1917-1995) was editor of The Dauphin Herald and served for 18 years on Dauphin's town council. She was the first Manitoban to serve on Canada's delegation to the United Nations. She was granted an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Manitoba in 1977. [6]
  • Kenneth Winters (1929-2011) was an eminent musician, broadcaster and music critic, and an editor of The Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. [7]

References

External links


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